How to format your references using the Reproductive Medicine and Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Medicine and Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sloan ED Jr. Fundamental principles and applications of natural gas hydrates. Nature. 2003;426:353–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brawley C, Matunis E. Regeneration of male germline stem cells by spermatogonial dedifferentiation in vivo. Science. 2004;304:1331–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Browne J, Tunnacliffe A, Burnell A. Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode. Nature. 2002;416:38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huo M-X, Nie W, Hutchinson DAW, Kwek LC. A solenoidal synthetic field and the non-Abelian Aharonov-Bohm effects in neutral atoms. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Matthews C. A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 1998.
An edited book
1. Thornburg D, Mungai AM, editors. High-Need Schools: Changing the Dialogue. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dai F, Xu Y. Approximation on the Sphere. In: Xu Y, editor. Approximation Theory and Harmonic Analysis on Spheres and Balls. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Medicine and Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Early Humans Had Gender Equal Societies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Project Management Oversight Benefits and Future Funding Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: RCED-00-221.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Partma L. Media: Pretrial publicity and its effects [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Haberman M. Volume Rising In Nativist Talk From President. New York Times. 2017 Aug 17;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Medicine and Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Med. Biol.
ISSN (print)1445-5781
ISSN (online)1447-0578
ScopeCell Biology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles