How to format your references using the Reproductive Medicine and Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Medicine and Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hallonsten O. Europe needs fresh focus on big-science projects. Nature. 2015;518:275.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Steltzer H, Post E. Ecology. Seasons and life cycles. Science. 2009;324:886–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Baughman RH, Zakhidov AA, de Heer WA. Carbon nanotubes--the route toward applications. Science. 2002;297:787–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Labrador M, Mongelard F, Plata-Rengifo P, Baxter EM, Corces VG, Gerasimova TI. Protein encoding by both DNA strands. Nature. 2001;409:1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gray KA, Paschkewitz JJ. Next Generation HALT and HASS. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Chuan P, Khachidze V, Lai IKW, Liu Y, Siddiqui S, Wang T, editors. Innovation in the High-Tech Economy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Groeninckx G, Harrats C, Vanneste M, Everaert V. Crystallization, Micro- and Nano-structure, and Melting Behavior of Polymer Blends. In: Utracki LA, Wilkie CA, editors. Polymer Blends Handbook. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 291–446.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Medicine and Biology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Strap Cameras On Squid To Observe Their Flashy Behavior [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-strap-cameras-squid-observe-their-flashy-behavior/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Force Decision Not To Purchase Certain Automatic Data Processing Equipment Located at Its Environmental Technical Applications Center, Washington, D.C. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Jan. Report No.: B-151204.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lee J. The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pennington B. After the Heisman, a Long, Lonely Slide. New York Times. 2016 Dec 21;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Medicine and Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Med. Biol.
ISSN (print)1445-5781
ISSN (online)1447-0578
ScopeCell Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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