How to format your references using the Reproductive Medicine and Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Medicine and Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ashcroft FM. From molecule to malady. Nature. 2006;440:440–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Li C, Thompson CB. Cancer. DNA damage, deamidation, and death. Science. 2002;298:1346–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bockrath C, Ballhaus C, Holzheid A. Fractionation of the platinum-group elements during mantle melting. Science. 2004;305:1951–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Salzmann CG, Radaelli PG, Hallbrucker A, Mayer E, Finney JL. The preparation and structures of hydrogen ordered phases of ice. Science. 2006;311:1758–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ming D, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, Glasser B, Metzer M. Attainable Region Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kravets A, Shcherbakov M, Kultsova M, Iijima T, editors. Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: 11th Joint Conference, JCKBSE 2014, Volgograd, Russia, September 17-20, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hall AJ. Epidemiology of Food-Borne Viruses. In: Goyal SM, Cannon JL, editors. Viruses in Foods. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 131–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Medicine and Biology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. What Is It Like To Dream If You’re Blind? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Acquisition: FAA Has a Structured Investment Management Approach, but Weaknesses Limit Its Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jul. Report No.: RCED-96-156.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Weitkunat S. Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. As Injury Carousel Spins, the Mets Keep Reeling. New York Times. 2017 Jul 9;SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Medicine and Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Med. Biol.
ISSN (print)1445-5781
ISSN (online)1447-0578
ScopeCell Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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