How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huntress WT Jr. Planetary science. Human space exploration is about more than just science. Science. 2003;301(5634):771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paukner C, Koziol KKK. Ultra-pure single wall carbon nanotube fibres continuously spun without promoter. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai L, Friedman N, Xie XS. Stochastic protein expression in individual cells at the single molecule level. Nature. 2006;440(7082):358-362.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cufí S, Vazquez-Martin A, Oliveras-Ferraros C, et al. The anti-malarial chloroquine overcomes primary resistance and restores sensitivity to trastuzumab in HER2-positive breast cancer. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackenzie AFD. Places of Possibility. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Cash BD, ed. Colorectal Cancer Screening and Computerized Tomographic Colonography: A Comprehensive Overview. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyriazis D, Menychtas A, Varvarigou T, Silvestri F, Laforenza D, Tserpes K. An Open Architecture for QoS Information in Business Grids. In: Priol T, Vanneschi M, eds. Towards Next Generation Grids: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Symposium 2007. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007:37-49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

Blog post
Andrew E. When Science Gets Ugly – The Story Of Philipp Lenard And Albert Einstein. IFLScience. Published June 18, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Controls Over Nonimmigrant Aliens Remain Ineffective. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoffmann M. An exploratory study: Mobile device use for academics. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo K. Skin in the Game. New York Times. December 14, 2014:TR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Comput. Tomogr.
ISSN (print)1934-5925
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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