How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Dyk SD. Astronomy. Elusive supernova progenitors. Science. 2003;302(5648):1161-1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joanicot M, Ajdari A. Applied physics. Droplet control for microfluidics. Science. 2005;309(5736):887-888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson AH, Shirey SB, Carlson RW. Archaean ultra-depleted komatiites formed by hydrous melting of cratonic mantle. Nature. 2003;423(6942):858-861.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Charmantier A, McCleery RH, Cole LR, Perrins C, Kruuk LEB, Sheldon BC. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population. Science. 2008;320(5877):800-803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter KB. Actionable Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Zhernokletov MV, Glushak BL, eds. Material Properties under Intensive Dynamic Loading. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao Y, Zhou W, Zhang Y, Lanham EJ, Huang J. Clock Synchronization State Graphs Based on Clock Precision Difference. In: Hobbs M, Goscinski AM, Zhou W, eds. Distributed and Parallel Computing: 6th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, ICA3PP, Melbourne, Australia, October 2-3, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2005:34-39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

Blog post
Taub B. Astronauts Get Taller In Space, But Also Suffer Spinal Damage. IFLScience. Published October 26, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. El Salvador: Pipeline of U.S. Aid as of August 1990. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert NA. Cortile: World Building & the Traveler Archetype. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher S. Modern Help for the Brokenhearted? It’s Online. New York Times. February 1, 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Comput. Tomogr.
ISSN (print)1934-5925
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles