How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ajdari A. Physics. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1932-2007). Science. 2007;317(5837):466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders MA, Lea AS. Seasonal prediction of hurricane activity reaching the coast of the United States. Nature. 2005;434(7036):1005-1008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnqvist G, Jones TM, Elgar MA. Insect behaviour: reversal of sex roles in nuptial feeding. Nature. 2003;424(6947):387.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Periana RA, Mironov O, Taube D, Bhalla G, Jones CJ. Catalytic, oxidative condensation of CH4 to CH3COOH in one step via CH activation. Science. 2003;301(5634):814-818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Q, Bai Y, Ruan W. Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Hilber N. Computational Methods for Quantitative Finance: Finite Element Methods for Derivative Pricing. (Reichmann O, Schwab C, Winter C, eds.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Neill J. Image-Guided Interventional Diagnosis and Treatment. In: O’Neill J, ed. Essential Imaging in Rheumatology. Springer; 2015:89-101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

Blog post
Andrew D. View the Known Universe. IFLScience. Published August 29, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions Threaten Long-Term Viability. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClimon M. A transformational approach to jazz harmony. Published online 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cave D. Making History With Breast-Fed Meal in Parliament. New York Times. May 11, 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Comput. Tomogr.
ISSN (print)1934-5925
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles