How to format your references using the European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hirose K. Geochemistry. Deep mantle properties. Science 2010;327:151–152.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Prather MJ, Hsu J. Coupling of nitrous oxide and methane by global atmospheric chemistry. Science 2010;330:952–954.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Aarts DGAL, Schmidt M, Lekkerkerker HNW. Direct visual observation of thermal capillary waves. Science 2004;304:847–850.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Kolenderski P, Scarcella C, Johnsen KD, Hamel DR, Holloway C, Shalm LK, Tisa S, Tosi A, Resch KJ, Jennewein T. Time-resolved double-slit interference pattern measurement with entangled photons. Sci Rep 2014;4:4685.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Modarres M, Amiri M, Jackson C. Probabilistic Physics of Failure Approach to Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Yung M, Zhu L, Yang Y, eds. Trusted Systems: 6th International Conference, INTRUST 2014, Beijing, China, December 16-17, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Iyer KM. The Elbow Joint. In: Iyer KM, ed. Trauma Management in Orthopedics. London: Springer; 2013. p27–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Depression Doesn’t Spread Like A Disease, But Good Moods Do. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/depression-doesn-t-spread-disease-good-moods-do/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Magellan Mission to Venus

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Terrell ND. Exact solutions to combinatorial optimizations and the traveling baseball fan problem

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cooper BM. The Scramblin’ Kids of Harlem. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Echocardiogr.
ISSN (print)1525-2167
ISSN (online)1532-2114
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles