How to format your references using the European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Benderly BL. Not your father’s postdoc. Science 2005;308:717–718.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Keesing F, Ostfeld RS. Ecology. Is biodiversity good for your health? Science 2015;349:235–236.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yin Y, Manoury B, Fåhraeus R. Self-inhibition of synthesis and antigen presentation by Epstein-Barr virus-encoded EBNA1. Science 2003;301:1371–1374.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Janes KA, Albeck JG, Gaudet S, Sorger PK, Lauffenburger DA, Yaffe MB. A systems model of signaling identifies a molecular basis set for cytokine-induced apoptosis. Science 2005;310:1646–1653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Levy G, Levin B. The Biostatistics of Aging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Yoshimura T, Nishikawa T, Homma H, eds. D-Amino Acids: Physiology, Metabolism, and Application. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
DoVale JC, Fritsche-Neto R. Root Phenomics. In: Fritsche-Neto R, Borém A, eds. Phenomics: How Next-Generation Phenotyping is Revolutionizing Plant Breeding Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientist Spotlight: Frederick Sanger. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Education and Outreach Programs Target Safety and Consumer Issues, but Gaps in Planning and Evaluation Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Dec. Report No.: GAO-06-103.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Staal J. The Relationships Among Sleep Quality, Frailty, and Falls in Older Adults Residing in the Community [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Commissioner Plays Down Back-and-Forth on Concussions in a Jets Forum. New York Times 2017;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Echocardiogr.
ISSN (print)1525-2167
ISSN (online)1532-2114
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles