How to format your references using the European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fischer A. Gene therapy: Repair and replace. Nature 2014;510:226–227.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ito T, Yokoyama S. Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions. Nature 2010;467:612–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nilewski C, Geisser RW, Carreira EM. Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature 2009;457:573–576.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
1.
Mack MC, Schuur EAG, Bret-Harte MS, Shaver GR, Chapin FS. Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization. Nature 2004;431:440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bagrintseva KI. Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Cannarsa P. Introduzione alla teoria della misura e all’analisi funzionale. D’Aprile T, ed. Milano: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kautzner J, Wichterle D. Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter: Who and When? In: Gulizia MM, ed. Current News in Cardiology: Proceedings of the Mediterranean Cardiology Meeting (Taormina, May 20–22, 2007) Milano: Springer; 2007. p. 23–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. New ‘Hobbit’ Fossils On Flores Hint At Varied Human Evolution. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/new-hobbit-fossils-on-flores-hint-at-varied-human-evolution/ (30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Satellite Communications: Strategic Approach Needed for DOD’s Procurement of Commercial Satellite Bandwidth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Dec. Report No.: GAO-04-206.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Paoletti MS. Experimental characterization of turbulent superfluid helium [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly M. Saint Hillary. New York Times 1993;622.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging
AbbreviationEur. J. Echocardiogr.
ISSN (print)1525-2167
ISSN (online)1532-2114
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles