How to format your references using the Reproductive Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wunsch C. Moon, tides and climate. Nature 2000;405:743–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helin K, Dhanak D. Chromatin proteins and modifications as drug targets. Nature 2013;502:480–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara JM, Barta Z, Houston AI. Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature 2004;428:745–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zwierlein MW, Abo-Shaeer JR, Schirotzek A, Schunck CH, Ketterle W. Vortices and superfluidity in a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Nature 2005;435:1047–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koch SN, Torres SMF, Plumb DC. Canine and Feline Dermatology Drug Handbook. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
Madabhushi A, Dowling J, Yan P, Fenster A, Abolmaesumi P, Hata N, editors. Prostate Cancer Imaging. Computer-Aided Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Intervention: International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2010, Beijing,China, September 24, 2010. Proceedings. vol. 6367. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Melonakos J, Mohan V, Niethammer M, Smith K, Kubicki M, Tannenbaum A. Finsler Tractography for White Matter Connectivity Analysis of the Cingulum Bundle. In: Ayache N, Ourselin S, Maeder A, editors. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2007: 10th International Conference, Brisbane, Australia, October 29 - November 2, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Discover New Mechanism of Gene Regulation. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommuting: Overview of Challenges Facing Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenfield Pace JA. The influence of accountability and commitment on team performance of airline flight crews. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR. Inhaling an Era of Intimacy and Beauty. New York Times 2016:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Biol.
ISSN (print)1642-431X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Developmental Biology

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