How to format your references using the Reproductive Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick A. Genome editing. Nature 2015;528:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tester M, Langridge P. Breeding technologies to increase crop production in a changing world. Science 2010;327:818–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angell SY, Danel I, DeCock KM. Global health. Global indicators and targets for noncommunicable diseases. Science 2012;337:1456–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
McIsaac GF, David MB, Gertner GZ, Goolsby DA. Nitrate flux in the Mississippi River. Nature 2001;414:166–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner DJ. The ETF Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Weber RH. Internet of Things: Legal Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
De la cruz Guerrero RA, Juajibioy JC. On the Riemann Problem for a Hyperbolic System of Temple Class. In: Tost GO, Vasilieva O, editors. Analysis, Modelling, Optimization, and Numerical Techniques: ICAMI, San Andres Island, Colombia, November 2013, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Is The Dark Web? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Implementation of Recommendations Is Under Way, but Completion Will Take Several Years. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall MH. Information Technology Certification Programs and Perceptions of Attitude and Need by High School Principals, Information Technology Teachers, and Information Technology Professionals in Ohio. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. ‘Moulin Rouge’ Musical Will Debut in Boston. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Biol.
ISSN (print)1642-431X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Developmental Biology

Other styles