How to format your references using the Reproductive Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aleksander I. The self “out there.” Nature 2001;413:23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlegel T, Schuster S. Small circuits for large tasks: high-speed decision-making in archerfish. Science 2008;319:104–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rabitz HA, Hsieh MM, Rosenthal CM. Quantum optimally controlled transition landscapes. Science 2004;303:1998–2001.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu J, Xu J, Liu B, Yao G, Wang P, Lin Z, et al. Publisher Correction: Chromatin analysis in human early development reveals epigenetic transition during ZGA. Nature 2018;560:E27.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon J. Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Shi Y-Q, Kim HJ, Pérez-González F, Echizen I, editors. Digital-Forensics and Watermarking: 14th International Workshop, IWDW 2015, Tokyo, Japan, October 7-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 9569. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Geman H. Stochastic Clock and Financial Markets. In: Yor M, editor. Aspects of Mathematical Finance, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biology.

Blog post
Fang J. Ancient Walrus Relative Had No Tusks. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Globe Safety Product’s Inquiry Regarding Firefighters Breathing Apparatus Developed for NASA by Scott Aviation Company. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh DA. Informed Technology Adoption Decisions Based on Innovation-Related Factors. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc J. Skills-Gap Fixes. New York Times 2017:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Biol.
ISSN (print)1642-431X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Developmental Biology

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