How to format your references using the Reproductive Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pardoll DM. Immunology. Stress, NK receptors, and immune surveillance. Science 2001;294:534–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Neill HSC, Jenner FE. The global pattern of trace-element distributions in ocean floor basalts. Nature 2012;491:698–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore JD, Kirk JA, Hunt T. Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science 2003;300:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Phanse Y, Carrillo-Conde BR, Ramer-Tait AE, Broderick S, Kong CS, Rajan K, et al. A systems approach to designing next generation vaccines: combining α-galactose modified antigens with nanoparticle platforms. Sci Rep 2014;4:3775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan PW, Roe D, Tsang HWH. Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Bartolomé J, Luis F, Fernández JF, editors. Molecular Magnets: Physics and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Han I, Hou S-T. Methodology: Participatory Action Research via Industry-Academia Collaboration. In: Hou S-T, editor. Social Innovation and Business in Taiwan, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biology.

Blog post
Fang J. Can Bacteria Help Save Bats From a Deadly Fungus? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Voice Communications System Challenges Continue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueller C. A Multidimensional Perspective of Faculty Mentoring and Job Satisfaction during the First Year of Teaching at Lindenwood University. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M. Comey Didn’t Want to Be Alone With President, He Told Sessions. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biology
AbbreviationReprod. Biol.
ISSN (print)1642-431X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Developmental Biology

Other styles