How to format your references using the Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilmore G. Astronomy. The short spectacular life of a superstar. Science. 2004 Jun;304(5679):1915–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li Y, Sun Q. The superior catalytic CO oxidation capacity of a Cr-phthalocyanine porous sheet. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb;4:4098.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitmire E, Khan B, Coué M. Cdc6 synthesis regulates replication competence in Xenopus oocytes. Nature. 2002 Oct;419(6908):722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Syvitski JPM, Vörösmarty CJ, Kettner AJ, Green P. Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean. Science. 2005 Apr;308(5720):376–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt G. Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
Lau WY, editor. Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaur H, Kahlon KS, Virk RS. Migration of Agents in Artificial Agent Societies: Framework and State-of-the-Art. In: Jain LC, Behera HS, Mandal JK, Mohapatra DP, editors. Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 3: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015; pp 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Bowling Balls Teach Principles of Physics With Pendulum Wave [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Satellites: Planning for the Geostationary Satellite Program Needs More Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn MJ. Lifeguard employability skills. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. The Candidates as Culture Vultures. New York Times. 1992 Jul;21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology
ISSN (print)0031-7012
ISSN (online)1423-0313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles