How to format your references using the Reproduction, Fertility and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction, Fertility and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith M. S. (2012). Change the approach to sustainable development. Nature 483, 375.
A journal article with 2 authors
List B., and Yang J. W. (2006). Chemistry. The organic approach to asymmetric catalysis. Science 313, 1584–1586.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sparks R. S. J., Biggs J., and Neuberg J. W. (2012). Geophysics. Monitoring volcanoes. Science 335, 1310–1311.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nackley A. G., Shabalina S. A., Tchivileva I. E., Satterfield K., Korchynskyi O., Makarov S. S., Maixner W., and Diatchenko L. (2006). Human catechol-O-methyltransferase haplotypes modulate protein expression by altering mRNA secondary structure. Science 314, 1930–1933.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schaik C. P. V. (2015). ‘The Primate Origins of Human Nature.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Zalesny R., Papadopoulos M. G., Mezey P. G., and Leszczynski J. (Eds) (2011). ‘Linear-Scaling Techniques in Computational Chemistry and Physics: Methods and Applications.’ (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Eymann T., Streitberger W., and Hudert S. (2007). Global Grids – Making a Case for Self-organization in Large-Scale Overlay Networks. ‘Trustworthy Global Computing: Second Symposium, TGC 2006, Lucca, Italy, November 7-9, 2006, Revised Selected Papers’. (Eds U Montanari, D Sannella and R Bruni) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 51–68. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction, Fertility and Development.

Blog post
Luntz S. (2014). World First Photograph Shows Bird Flying With Egg Bump. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Department of Education: Monitoring of State Formula Grants by Office of Special Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, HRD-91-91FS. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson M. S. (2017). Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhill K. M. (2006). Don’t Dumb Down the Army. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2012).
This sentence cites two references (List and Yang 2006; Smith 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (List and Yang 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Nackley et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction, Fertility and Development
ISSN (print)1031-3613
ISSN (online)1448-5990

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