How to format your references using the Reproduction, Fertility and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction, Fertility and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ballentine C. J. (2002). Geochemistry. Tiny tracers tell tall tales. Science 296, 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parashar U. D., and Glass R. I. (2006). Public health. Progress toward rotavirus vaccines. Science 312, 851–852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Segawa Y., Yamashita M., and Nozaki K. (2006). Boryllithium: isolation, characterization, and reactivity as a boryl anion. Science 314, 113–115.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carlson C. S., Eberle M. A., Kruglyak L., and Nickerson D. A. (2004). Mapping complex disease loci in whole-genome association studies. Nature 429, 446–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chitty J., and Raftery A. (2013). ‘Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Oxford)
An edited book
Omatu S., Semalat A., Bocewicz G., Sitek P., Nielsen I. E., García García J. A., and Bajo J. (Eds) (2016). ‘Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, 13th International Conference.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Giannetti R., and Velucchi M. (2006). The demography of manufacturing firms (1911–1971). ‘Evolution of Italian Enterprises in the 20th Century’. (Eds R Giannetti and M Vasta) Contributions to Economics. pp. 63–86. (Physica-Verlag HD: Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction, Fertility and Development.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015). How Oversized Atoms Could Help Shrink “Lab-On-A-Chip” Devices. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Truck Safety: Information on Driver Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-89-163. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang E. Y. (2010). Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. (2010). A Yoga Manifesto. New York Times ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ballentine 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ballentine 2002; Parashar and Glass 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parashar and Glass 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Carlson et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction, Fertility and Development
ISSN (print)1031-3613
ISSN (online)1448-5990

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