How to format your references using the Reproduction, Fertility and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction, Fertility and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. (2005). Baby blues. Nature 433, 780–781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheehan M. J., and Tibbetts E. A. (2011). Specialized face learning is associated with individual recognition in paper wasps. Science 334, 1272–1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kitajima T. S., Kawashima S. A., and Watanabe Y. (2004). The conserved kinetochore protein shugoshin protects centromeric cohesion during meiosis. Nature 427, 510–517.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun H., Ma H., Hong G., Sun H., and Wang J. (2014). Survival improvement in patients with pancreatic cancer by decade: a period analysis of the SEER database, 1981-2010. Sci. Rep. 4, 6747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mory M. (2013). ‘Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA)
An edited book
Müller J., Alt F., and Michelis D. (Eds) (2011). ‘Pervasive Advertising.’ (Springer: London)
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell R. J., and Hann C. R. (2009). Eye and Adnexa. ‘Handbook of Autopsy Practice’. (Ed BL Waters) pp. 69–76. (Humana Press: Totowa, NJ)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction, Fertility and Development.

Blog post
Hale T. (2016). The World Reacts To The Shooting Of Harambe The Gorilla. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Next Generation Air Transportation System: Preliminary Analysis of Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-06-915T. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zehnder D. W. (2003). Host-[2]Rotaxane: A Novel Molecular Machine. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. (2009). Mileposts, With South Africa Around the Bend. New York Times SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2005; Sheehan and Tibbetts 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheehan and Tibbetts 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction, Fertility and Development
ISSN (print)1031-3613
ISSN (online)1448-5990

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