How to format your references using the Reproduction, Fertility and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction, Fertility and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. (2001). Bioinformatics to be nurtured online. Nature 411, 513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panthi D., and Tsutsumi A. (2014). Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell based on a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia support. Sci. Rep. 4, 5754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee J., Park J., and Choi C. (2014). Identification of phenotype deterministic genes using systemic analysis of transcriptional response. Sci. Rep. 4, 4413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tournaire-Roux C., Sutka M., Javot H., Gout E., Gerbeau P., Luu D.-T., Bligny R., and Maurel C. (2003). Cytosolic pH regulates root water transport during anoxic stress through gating of aquaporins. Nature 425, 393–397.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf R. A. (2012). ‘Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Gross Z., Davies L., and Diab A.-K. (Eds) (2013). ‘Gender, Religion and Education in a Chaotic Postmodern World.’ (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Nakagawa S., and Duman R. S. (2011). Depression. ‘Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II: Clinical Implications’. (Eds T Seki, K Sawamoto, JM Parent and A Alvarez-Buylla) pp. 99–108. (Springer Japan: Tokyo)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction, Fertility and Development.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2014). Moss Revived After 1500 Years of Permafrost. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors’ Discretionary R&D Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-RCED-91-25. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igualada M. O. (2015). The beliefs of advanced placement teachers regarding equity and access to advanced placement courses: A mixed-methods study. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M. W. (2010). Last Mile May Be Hardest in Former A.I.G. Chief’s Legal Journey. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2001; Panthi and Tsutsumi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Panthi and Tsutsumi 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tournaire-Roux et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction, Fertility and Development
ISSN (print)1031-3613
ISSN (online)1448-5990

Other styles