How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Tranvik L. Biogeochemistry. Carbon cycling in the Arctic. Science. 2014 Aug;345(6199):870.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Outeiro TF, Lindquist S. Yeast cells provide insight into alpha-synuclein biology and pathobiology. Science. 2003 Dec;302(5651):1772–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Shim S-B, Imboden M, Mohanty P. Synchronized oscillation in coupled nanomechanical oscillators. Science. 2007 Apr;316(5821):95–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Zhao J, Qian Y, Bi H-Y, Coltheart M. The visual magnocellular-dorsal dysfunction in Chinese children with developmental dyslexia impedes Chinese character recognition. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:7068.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Paladino B. Corporate Performance Management Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1
Papasratorn B, Chutimaskul W, Porkaew K, Vanijja V, editors. Advances in Information Technology: Third International Conference, IAIT 2009, Bangkok, Thailand, December 1-5, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Majtner T, Yildirim-Yayilgan S, Hardeberg JY. Efficient Melanoma Detection Using Texture-Based RSurf Features. In: Campilho A, Karray F, editors. Image Analysis and Recognition: 13th International Conference, ICIAR 2016, in Memory of Mohamed Kamel, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 30–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine International.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. The Evidence Of Early Human Life In Australia’s Arid Interior [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-evidence-of-early-human-life-in-australias-arid-interior/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. New Alien Identification System--Little Help in Stopping Illegal Aliens. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Estep KL. Outreach Communication by Grassroots Environmental Organizations: A Case Study. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Billard M. Still Wild For Animal Prints. New York Times. 2010 Aug;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine International
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Int.
ISSN (print)2296-7389
ISSN (online)2296-7362
Scope

Other styles