How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. CLIMATOLOGY: Does a Climate Clock Get a Noisy Boost? Science. 2000 Oct;290(5492):697–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulze-Lefert P, Bieri S. Plant sciences. Recognition at a distance. Science. 2005 Apr;308(5721):506–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qvarnström A, Pärt T, Sheldon BC. Adaptive plasticity in mate preference linked to differences in reproductive effort. Nature. 2000 May;405(6784):344–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Parmentier E, Colleye O, Fine ML, Frédérich B, Vandewalle P, Herrel A. Sound production in the clownfish Amphiprion clarkii. Science. 2007 May;316(5827):1006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius V. Introduction to Stochastic Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
Friman B, Höhne C, Knoll J, Leupold S, Randrup J, Rapp R, et al., editors. The CBM Physics Book: Compressed Baryonic Matter in Laboratory Experiments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Adl-Tabatabai A-R, Kozyrakis C, Saha B. Optimizing Memory Transactions for Multicore Systems. In: Keckler SW, Olukotun K, Hofstee HP, editors. Multicore Processors and Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009; pp 145–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine International.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Find Three Early Quasars That Defy What We Know About How Black Holes Form [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Information Needs Are at the Core of Management Challenges Facing the Department. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz Martinez B. Diabetes among older Latino adults. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey G. Pelé Remains the Last Word in a Changed World. New York Times. 2010 Jun;SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine International
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Int.
ISSN (print)2296-7389
ISSN (online)2296-7362

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