How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lusis AJ. Atherosclerosis. Nature. 2000 Sep;407(6801):233–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phipps RJ, Gaunt MJ. A meta-selective copper-catalyzed C-H bond arylation. Science. 2009 Mar;323(5921):1593–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montoya JM, Pimm SL, Solé RV. Ecological networks and their fragility. Nature. 2006 Jul;442(7100):259–64.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murahashi T, Fujimoto M, Oka M-A, Hashimoto Y, Uemura T, Tatsumi Y, et al. Discrete sandwich compounds of monolayer palladium sheets. Science. 2006 Aug;313(5790):1104–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon A, Itmi M. New Autonomous Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Liu Q. TA-Q-BIN: Service Excellence and Innovation in Urban Logistics. 1st ed. 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang F, Yang H, Han F. Containment Control of Second-Order Multi-Agent Systems with Jointly-Connected Topologies and Varying Delays. In: Jia Y, Du J, Li H, Zhang W, editors. Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Systems Conference: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016; pp 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine International.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Recession Is The Real Reason For The U.S.’s Reduced Emissions [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Observations on Selected Aspects of School Lunch Program Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford KB. 500 Year Chenier, Architecture, Cultural Identity, and Land Change “Identification in a Dynamic Place.” 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Corkery M. Hedge Fund Economists See Solution to Island’s Debt Crisis. New York Times. 2015 Jul;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine International
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Int.
ISSN (print)2296-7389
ISSN (online)2296-7362

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