How to format your references using the Integrative Medicine International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integrative Medicine International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ainsworth C. Immunology: A many layered thing. Nature. 2012 Dec;492(7429):S52-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Radtke F, Clevers H. Self-renewal and cancer of the gut: two sides of a coin. Science. 2005 Mar;307(5717):1904–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wardle DA, Nilsson M-C, Zackrisson O. Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus. Science. 2008 May;320(5876):629.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee G-H, Kwon SJ, Park K-S, Kang J-G, Park J-G, Lee S, et al. Germanium microflower-on-nanostem as a high-performance lithium ion battery electrode. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:6883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan MM, Islam MR. Zero Waste Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Cen K, Chi Y, Wang F, editors. Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment: Proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering 2007. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreku J, Tiensyrjä K. System Exploration. In: Soudris D, Jantsch A, editors. Scalable Multi-core Architectures: Design Methodologies and Tools. New York, NY: Springer; 2012; pp 107–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integrative Medicine International.

Blog post
Carpineti C. Watch Vector Space’s Successful Launch Of Their First Small Satellite Rocket [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 May


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reasons for Funding Selected Entitlements Programs by Other Than 1-Year Appropriations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Falcone JN. For Pets’ Sake: Is There a Need for Dog Safety Community Education? 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. After Waco’s Inferno, an Inquisition That Insists on Rational Answers. New York Times. 1993 Apr;43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegrative Medicine International
AbbreviationIntegr. Med. Int.
ISSN (print)2296-7389
ISSN (online)2296-7362

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