How to format your references using the Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall A (2014) Climate. Projecting regional change. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 1461–1462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cory DG and Havel TF (2004) Physics. Ion entanglement in quantum information processing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 1456–1457.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aviezer H, Trope Y and Todorov A (2012) Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 1225–1229.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li YB, Wan X, Cai BG, Cheng Q and Cui TJ (2014) Frequency-controls of electromagnetic multi-beam scanning by metasurfaces. Scientific Reports 4 6921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Recho N (2012) Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dontchev AL (2014) Implicit Functions and Solution Mappings: A View from Variational Analysis. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Daun M, Weyer T and Pohl K (2015) Detecting and Correcting Outdated Requirements in Function-Centered Engineering of Embedded Systems. In Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 21st International Working Conference, REFSQ 2015, Essen, Germany, March 23-26, 2015. Proceedings, pp 65–80. Eds SA Fricker and K Schneider. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Watch SpaceX’s Falcon 9 Rocket Launch LIVE. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Public Transportation: Federal Role in Value Capture Strategies for Transit Is Limited, but Additional Guidance Could Help Clarify Policies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas CC (2014) Emergency department utilization patterns in patients with diabetes. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kursk Fragments Recovered. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hall, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cory and Havel, 2004; Hall, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cory and Havel, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Aviezer et al., 2012)
  • Four or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction
AbbreviationJ Reprod Fertil
ISSN (print)1470-1626
ISSN (online)1741-7899
ScopeCell Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles