How to format your references using the Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M (2011) Synthetic genomes: The next step for the synthetic genome. Nature 473 403, 405–408.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pomerantz RT and O’Donnell M (2008) The replisome uses mRNA as a primer after colliding with RNA polymerase. Nature 456 762–766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson DE, Holcombe M and Ratnieks FLW (2004) Trail geometry gives polarity to ant foraging networks. Nature 432 907–909.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Samaha H, Pignata A, Fousek K, Ren J, Lam FW, Stossi F, Dubrulle J, Salsman VS, Krishnan S, Hong S-H et al. (2018) A homing system targets therapeutic T cells to brain cancer. Nature 561 331–337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cretu O, Stewart R and Berends T (2011) Risk Management for Design and Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rudenstine S (2012) The Causes and Behavioral Consequences of Disasters: Models Informed by the Global Experience 1950-2005. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aziz CE and Hatzinger PB (2009) Perchlorate Sources, Source Identification And Analytical Methods. In In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater, pp 55–78. Eds RC Borden, JD Coates, EE Cox, DC Downey, PJ Evans, PB Hatzinger, BM Henry, WA Jackson, TA Krug, MT Lieberman, et al. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Secret Air Force Space Plane Remains A Mystery After 500-Day Orbit. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Exchange Programs: Observations on International Educational, Cultural, and Training Exchange Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradnan DM (2015) Cherelle Wilt in Theobroma cacao. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD and Haberman M (2017) Friend Suggests Trump May Fire Special Counsel. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Pomerantz and O’Donnell, 2008; Baker, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pomerantz and O’Donnell, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Jackson et al., 2004)
  • Four or more authors: (Samaha et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction
AbbreviationJ Reprod Fertil
ISSN (print)1470-1626
ISSN (online)1741-7899
ScopeCell Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles