How to format your references using the Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClelland JL (2012) Retrospective. R. Duncan Luce (1925-2012). Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 1619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski D and Geisler C (2012) Survival analysis of faculty retention in science and engineering by gender. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 864–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoder BL, Bisson R and Beck RD (2010) Steric effects in the chemisorption of vibrationally excited methane on Ni(100). Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 553–556.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Meredith RW, Janečka JE, Gatesy J, Ryder OA, Fisher CA, Teeling EC, Goodbla A, Eizirik E, Simão TLL, Stadler T et al. (2011) Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 521–524.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ni Z, Pacoret C, Benosman R and Régnier S (2014) Haptic Feedback Teleoperation of Optical Tweezers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zembylas M and Schutz PA (2016) Methodological Advances in Research on Emotion and Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Straume T (2015) Medical Concerns with Space Radiation and Radiobiological Effects. In Handbook of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense, pp 259–293. Eds JN Pelton and F Allahdadi. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Neanderthal genome shows high levels of inbreeding. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Snyder QZ (2010) From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2005) With Emphasis on Safety, Playgrounds Aren’t for All. New York Times 14LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McClelland, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kaminski and Geisler, 2012; McClelland, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski and Geisler, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Yoder et al., 2010)
  • Four or more authors: (Meredith et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction
AbbreviationJ Reprod Fertil
ISSN (print)1470-1626
ISSN (online)1741-7899
ScopeCell Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles