How to format your references using the Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarti A (2008) Obituary: Victor Almon McKusick (1921-2008). Nature 455 46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du J-L and Poo M-M (2004) Rapid BDNF-induced retrograde synaptic modification in a developing retinotectal system. Nature 429 878–883.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frumkin A, Shimron A and Rosenbaum J (2003) Radiometric dating of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem. Nature 425 169–171.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Navarre WW, Porwollik S, Wang Y, McClelland M, Rosen H, Libby SJ and Fang FC (2006) Selective silencing of foreign DNA with low GC content by the H-NS protein in Salmonella. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 236–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radoine H (2017) Architecture in Context. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pereira FB and Tavares J (2009) Bio-Inspired Algorithms for the Vehicle Routing Problem. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lapin M, Damborská I, Faško P, Gaál L and Melo M (2009) Some Facts on Extreme Weather Events Analysis in Slovakia. In Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards, pp 39–53. Eds K Střelcová, C Mátyás, A Kleidon, M Lapin, F Matejka, M Blaženec, J Škvarenina and J Holécy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Here’s Why Some People Don’t Like Music. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna SC (2010) An integrated treatment program for individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders: A grant proposal. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Keith S and Oudens J (2016) Half the Fun Is in Getting There. New York Times TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chakravarti, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Du and Poo, 2004; Chakravarti, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du and Poo, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Frumkin et al., 2003)
  • Four or more authors: (Navarre et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction
AbbreviationJ Reprod Fertil
ISSN (print)1470-1626
ISSN (online)1741-7899
ScopeCell Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles