How to format your references using the Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silver LM (2001) What are clones? Nature 412 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zinkernagel RM and Hengartner H (2001) Regulation of the immune response by antigen. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song J, Ji C and Zhang JZH (2013) Unveiling the gating mechanism of ECF transporter RibU. Scientific Reports 3 3566.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yu Y, Li C, Liu Y, Su L, Zhang Y and Cao L (2013) Controlled scalable synthesis of uniform, high-quality monolayer and few-layer MoS2 films. Scientific Reports 3 1866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smed J and Hakonen H (2017) Algorithms and Networking for Computer Games. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Guida-Pietrasanta F (2005) Inorganic Polymeric Nanocomposites and Membranes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Białecki M and Czechowski Z (2010) On a Simple Stochastic Cellular Automaton with Avalanches: Simulation and Analytical Results. In Synchronization and Triggering: From Fracture to Earthquake Processes: Laboratory, Field Analysis and Theories, pp 63–75. Eds V de Rubeis, Z Czechowski and R Teisseyre. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproduction.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) The “Dreams” Of Artificial Intelligence Are Getting Even More Lifelike. In IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Implementation of the Arts and Artifacts Indemnity Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savage F (2014) Effect of Dry-Wet Cycles on Fracture Propagation in Shale and Gas Production Mechanism. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic B and Chapman MM (2015) Union Vote at Ford and G.M. Ends Painful Process for Big Three. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silver, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Silver, 2001; Zinkernagel and Hengartner, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zinkernagel and Hengartner, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Song et al., 2013)
  • Four or more authors: (Yu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproduction
AbbreviationJ Reprod Fertil
ISSN (print)1470-1626
ISSN (online)1741-7899
ScopeCell Biology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles