How to format your references using the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Street, R. A. (2013). Materials science. Unraveling charge transport in conjugated polymers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6150), 1072–1073.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bishop, N. A., & Guarente, L. (2007). Two neurons mediate diet-restriction-induced longevity in C. elegans. Nature, 447(7144), 545–549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida, K., Montagner, J.-P., & Kawakatsu, H. (2009). Global surface wave tomography using seismic hum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5949), 112.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brouwer, A. M., Frochot, C., Gatti, F. G., Leigh, D. A., Mottier, L., Paolucci, F., Roffia, S., & Wurpel, G. W. (2001). Photoinduction of fast, reversible translational motion in a hydrogen-bonded molecular shuttle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5511), 2124–2128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, R. A. (2017). Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Campos, P., Huntsinger, L., Oviedo Pro, J. L., Starrs, P. F., Diaz, M., Standiford, R. B., & Montero, G. (Eds.). (2013). Mediterranean Oak Woodland Working Landscapes: Dehesas of Spain and Ranchlands of California (Vol. 16). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Remacle, J.-F., Toulorge, T., & Lambrechts, J. (2013). Robust Untangling of Curvilinear Meshes. In X. Jiao & J.-C. Weill (Eds.), Proceedings of the 21st International Meshing Roundtable (pp. 71–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 7). New Species of Frog Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Highway Infrastructure: Physical Conditions of the Interstate Highway System Have Improved, but Congestion and Other Pressure Continue (GAO-02-1128T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Safarian Bahri, P. (2017). Erosion Rate Prediction Model for Levee-Floodwall Overtopping Applications in Fine-Grained Soils [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, December 17). In Suffolk, a Plan to Keep Emergency Volunteers. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Street, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bishop & Guarente, 2007; Street, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bishop & Guarente, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Nishida et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brouwer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
AbbreviationArch. Gerontol. Geriatr.
ISSN (print)0167-4943
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

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