How to format your references using the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D. (2002). Royal Institution’s director blasts scientific sexism. Nature, 420(6915), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jucker, M., & Walker, L. C. (2013). Self-propagation of pathogenic protein aggregates in neurodegenerative diseases. Nature, 501(7465), 45–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karan, S., Jiang, Z., & Livingston, A. G. (2015). MEMBRANE FILTRATION. Sub-10 nm polyamide nanofilms with ultrafast solvent transport for molecular separation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6241), 1347–1351.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Westerling, A. L., Hidalgo, H. G., Cayan, D. R., & Swetnam, T. W. (2006). Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. forest wildfire activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5789), 940–943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius, V., Kruopis, J., & Nikulin, M. S. (2011). Non-parametric Tests for Censored Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dasalukunte, D. (2014). Faster than Nyquist Signaling: Algorithms to Silicon (V. Öwall, F. Rusek, & J. B. Anderson, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lamersdorf, W. (2010). Actual Paradigms of Distributed Software Development: Services and Self Organization. In W. Cellary & E. Estevez (Eds.), Software Services for e-World: 10th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2010, Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 3-5, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 4–4). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 13). FDA Delays Listing Calories On Menus Until 2016. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Project SAFECOM: Key Cross-Agency Emergency Communications Effort Requires Stronger Collaboration (No. GAO-04-494). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bagley, C. R. (2010). Pint-sized spectacles: American youth beauty queens and the power(ful) dynamic of the institutionalized pageant (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2013, April 7). Beyond the Whimsy, Sushi With Ambition. New York Times, p. LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2002; Jucker & Walker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jucker & Walker, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Karan, Jiang, & Livingston, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Westerling, Hidalgo, Cayan, & Swetnam, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
AbbreviationArch. Gerontol. Geriatr.
ISSN (print)0167-4943
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

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