How to format your references using the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leutgeb, S. (2008). Neuroscience. Detailed differences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1623–1624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sur, M., & Rubenstein, J. L. R. (2005). Patterning and plasticity of the cerebral cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 805–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zákány, J., Kmita, M., & Duboule, D. (2004). A dual role for Hox genes in limb anterior-posterior asymmetry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5677), 1669–1672.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Skrott, Z., Mistrik, M., Andersen, K. K., Friis, S., Majera, D., Gursky, J., Ozdian, T., Bartkova, J., Turi, Z., Moudry, P., Kraus, M., Michalova, M., Vaclavkova, J., Dzubak, P., Vrobel, I., Pouckova, P., Sedlacek, J., Miklovicova, A., Kutt, A., … Bartek, J. (2017). Alcohol-abuse drug disulfiram targets cancer via p97 segregase adaptor NPL4. Nature, 552(7684), 194–199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson, D. R. (2006). Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peterson, G. W., & Bush, K. R. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of Marriage and the Family (3rd ed. 2013). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Nordbotten, J. M. (2009). Multiscale Methods for Multiphase Flow in Porous Media. In M. Bercovier, M. J. Gander, R. Kornhuber, & O. Widlund (Eds.), Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XVIII (pp. 39–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 26). Alien-Looking Insect Has Its Own Order. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Issues Related to Determining How Best to Finance FAA (T-RCED-97-59). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, K. (2013). A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, June 25). Gatlin, Continuing Comeback from Ban, Earns Return to the Olympics. New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leutgeb, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Leutgeb, 2008; Sur & Rubenstein, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sur & Rubenstein, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Zákány et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Skrott et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
AbbreviationArch. Gerontol. Geriatr.
ISSN (print)0167-4943
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

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