How to format your references using the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips, P. (2000). Organic materials. From insulator to superconductor. Nature, 406(6797), 687–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosch, J., & Caparon, M. (2004). A microdomain for protein secretion in Gram-positive bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5676), 1513–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, F., Lin, J.-S., & Liu, K. (2011). Steric control of the reaction of CH stretch-excited CHD3 with chlorine atom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 900–903.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, C., Sadik, M. M., Mauk, M. G., Edelstein, P. H., Bushman, F. D., Gross, R., & Bau, H. H. (2014). Nuclemeter: a reaction-diffusion based method for quantifying nucleic acids undergoing enzymatic amplification. Scientific Reports, 4, 7335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gramß, T., Bornholdt, S., Groß, M., Mitchell, M., & Pellizzari, T. (2005). Non-Standard Computation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Glinz, M., & Heymans, P. (Eds.). (2009). Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 15th International Working Conference, REFSQ 2009 Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 8-9, 2009 Proceedings (Vol. 5512). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Okawara, W., Morita, T., & Yamaguchi, T. (2014). Implementing Mobility Service Based on Japanese Linked Data. In W. Kim, Y. Ding, & H.-G. Kim (Eds.), Semantic Technology: Third Joint International Conference, JIST 2013, Seoul, South Korea, November 28--30, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 51–66). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, April 19). Watch A Super Heated Nickel Ball Try To Cut Through A Gobstopper. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). The United States in Europe: Staying the Course to Win the Peace (No. 147981). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, D. L. (2014). BOUND/(bang) [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney, S. (2017, August 11). A Stolen de Kooning Emerges Decades Later. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Phillips, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Phillips, 2000; Rosch & Caparon, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosch & Caparon, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
AbbreviationArch. Gerontol. Geriatr.
ISSN (print)0167-4943
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

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