How to format your references using the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segal, H. P. (2001). Back to the future from 1888. Nature, 409(6820), 563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii, M. S., & Portegies Zwart, S. (2011). The origin of OB runaway stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6061), 1380–1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, C., Shang, X.-D., & Huang, R. X. (2014). Horizontal eddy energy flux in the world oceans diagnosed from altimetry data. Scientific Reports, 4, 5316.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dorrello, N. V., Peschiaroli, A., Guardavaccaro, D., Colburn, N. H., Sherman, N. E., & Pagano, M. (2006). S6K1- and betaTRCP-mediated degradation of PDCD4 promotes protein translation and cell growth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 467–471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodda, H. J. E., & Little, M. A. (2015). Understanding Mathematical and Statistical Techniques in Hydrology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Semrud-Clikeman, M. (2009). Child Neuropsychology: Assessment and Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders. (P. A. T. Ellison, Ed.) (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sprogies, M., & Schmidt, W. (2015). Introducing S-BPM at an IT Service Providers. In A. Fleischmann, W. Schmidt, & C. Stary (Eds.), S-BPM in the Wild: Practical Value Creation (pp. 55–74). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 1). Do Opioids Make Pain Worse? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: National Weather Service Modernization and Weather Satellite Program (No. T-AIMD-00-86). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, L. (2012). A comparison of unsupervised learning techniques for detection of medical abuse in automobile claims (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., Nixon, R., & Liptak, A. (2017, September 25). Justices Cancel Hearing on Travel Ban as Questions Linger on New Policy. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segal, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Fujii & Portegies Zwart, 2011; Segal, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii & Portegies Zwart, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Xu, Shang, & Huang, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dorrello et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
AbbreviationArch. Gerontol. Geriatr.
ISSN (print)0167-4943
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

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