How to format your references using the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2002). Mouse genome: The real deal. Nature, 420(6915), 457.
A journal article with 2 authors
deHaseth, P. L., & Nilsen, T. W. (2004). Molecular biology. When a part is as good as the whole. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1307–1308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lourens, L. J., Wehausen, R., & Brumsack, H. J. (2001). Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature, 409(6823), 1029–1033.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gómez-Gutiérrez, J., Peterson, W. T., De Robertis, A., & Brodeur, R. D. (2003). Mass mortality of krill caused by parasitoid ciliates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk, M. K. (2014). RF Power Amplifiers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Burnett, L. E. (2010). Black Is the New Green: Marketing to Affluent African Americans (A. Hoffman, Ed.). Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Petzoldt, A., Bulygin, S., & Buchmann, J. (2010). CyclicRainbow – A Multivariate Signature Scheme with a Partially Cyclic Public Key. In G. Gong & K. C. Gupta (Eds.), Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2010: 11th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Hyderabad, India, December 12-15, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 33–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 27). Mental Illness Associated With Shorter Lifespan More Than Heavy Smoking. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Embedded Computers: B-1B Computers Must Be Upgraded to Support Conventional Requirements (AIMD-96-28). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robles, B. (2009). Academic achievement among foster care children with a disability: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2016, October 25). Why a Merger of Media Firms That Should Be a Sure Bet Isn’t. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2002; deHaseth & Nilsen, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (deHaseth & Nilsen, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Lourens et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gómez-Gutiérrez et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
AbbreviationArch. Gerontol. Geriatr.
ISSN (print)0167-4943
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Health(social science)

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