How to format your references using the Clinical Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zebrowski G (2000) The holdouts. Nature 408:775
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Acemoglu D, Robinson J (2009) Economics. Foundations of societal inequality. Science 326:678–679
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
He Y, Xue G-H, Fu J-Z (2014) Fabrication of low cost soft tissue prostheses with the desktop 3D printer. Sci Rep 4:6973
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Osama A, Najam A, Kassim-Lakha S, et al (2009) Pakistan’s reform experiment. Nature 461:38–39

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dubuisson S (2015) Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Schewe K-D, Thalheim B (2011) Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases: 4th International Workshops, SDKB 2010, Bordeaux, France, July 5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sato T, Kameya Y (2008) New Advances in Logic-Based Probabilistic Modeling by PRISM. In: Raedt LD, Frasconi P, Kersting K, Muggleton S (eds) Probabilistic Inductive Logic Programming: Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 118–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Fish With Human-Like Teeth Found in Jersey Lake. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/amazonian-nutcracker-fish-human-teeth-found-jersey-lake/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2013) Medicare Information Technology: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Needs to Pursue a Solution for Removing Social Security Numbers from Cards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gomez-Zuebisch LC (2010) A phenomenological exploration of the learning values derived from instructional short videos among adult learners. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices to Hear Challenge to Money-Laundering Law. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Rheumatology
AbbreviationClin. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)0770-3198
ISSN (online)1434-9949
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Rheumatology

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