How to format your references using the Protein Engineering Design and Selection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Protein Engineering Design and Selection (PEDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Asplund,M. (2008) Science, 322, 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prado,M.T.P. and Cepeda-Jiménez,C.M. (2015) Nature, 528, 486–487.
A journal article with 3 authors
Webster,A.J., Payne,R.J.H. and Pagel,M. (2003) Science, 301, 478.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Woo,H.A., Chae,H.Z., Hwang,S.C., Yang,K.S., Kang,S.W., Kim,K. and Rhee,S.G. (2003) Science, 300, 653–656.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esch,G.W. (2015) Ecological Parasitology John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Reijnders,L. (2009) Biofuels for Road Transport: A Seed to Wheel Perspective Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Saito,Y. and Alino,P.M. (2008) In Mimura,N. (ed), Asia-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: States of Environment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 255–344.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Protein Engineering Design and Selection.

Blog post
Andrew,E. (2014) Largest Silurian Vertebrate Discovered IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Cost Factors in CARE Act Formulas U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowden,M.R. (2008) Genesis of end-to-end chromosome fusions. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse,L. (2006) New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Asplund, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Asplund, 2008; Prado and Cepeda-Jiménez, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prado and Cepeda-Jiménez, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Woo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleProtein Engineering Design and Selection
AbbreviationProtein Eng. Des. Sel.
ISSN (print)1741-0126
ISSN (online)1741-0134
Molecular Biology

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