How to format your references using the Protein Engineering Design and Selection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Protein Engineering Design and Selection (PEDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cantley,L.C. (2002) Science, 296, 1655–1657.
A journal article with 2 authors
Puszkarski,H. and Tomczak,P. (2014) Sci. Rep., 4, 6135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas,P., Graham,J.R. and Clampin,M. (2005) Nature, 435, 1067–1070.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Iseki,M., Matsunaga,S., Murakami,A., et al. (2002) Nature, 415, 1047–1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel,W. (2015) Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Roux,C. (ed) (2012) Safe Spaces: Human Rights Education in Diverse Contexts SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhbanova,E.V. and Zubov,L.M. (2016) In Naumenko,K. and Aßmus,M. (eds), Advanced Methods of Continuum Mechanics for Materials and Structures. Springer, Singapore, pp. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Protein Engineering Design and Selection.

Blog post
Andrew,D. (2017) The Tragic Story Of Soviet Genetics Shows The Folly Of Political Meddling In Science IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) International Broadcasting: Downsizing and Relocating Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker,B.R. (2012) Schizophrenia-spectrum behavior and peer responses to individuals with social anhedonia. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fiske,I.H. (1905) New York Times, REVIEW OF BOOKSBR509.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cantley, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cantley, 2002; Puszkarski and Tomczak, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Puszkarski and Tomczak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Iseki et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleProtein Engineering Design and Selection
AbbreviationProtein Eng. Des. Sel.
ISSN (print)1741-0126
ISSN (online)1741-0134
Molecular Biology

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