How to format your references using the Protein Engineering Design and Selection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Protein Engineering Design and Selection (PEDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegfried,T. (2005) Science, 309, 76–77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurao,N.P. and Suwas,S. (2014) Sci. Rep., 4, 5641.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amorisco,N.C., Evans,N.W. and Ven,G. van de (2014) Nature, 507, 335–337.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Zurbuchen,T.H., Raines,J.M., Gloeckler,G., et al. (2008) Science, 321, 90–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rassool,G.H. (2010) Addiction for Nurses Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kokinov,B., Richardson,D.C., Roth-Berghofer,T.R. and Vieu,L. (eds) (2007) Modeling and Using Context: 6th International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2007, Roskilde, Denmark, August 20-24, 2007. Proceedings Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Licata,A.A. and Williams,S.E. (2014) In Williams,S.E. (ed), A DXA Primer for the Practicing Clinician: A Case-Based Manual for Understanding and Interpreting Bone Densitometry. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 35–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Protein Engineering Design and Selection.

Blog post
Luntz,S. (2015) Huge Chain Of Volcanoes Discovered In Australia IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Air Force ADP: Depot Maintenance System Development Risks Are High U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhuang,S. (2008) Enhancing Implicit Finite Element Sheet Forming Simulation. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood,C. (2016) New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegfried, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Siegfried, 2005; Gurao and Suwas, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurao and Suwas, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zurbuchen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleProtein Engineering Design and Selection
AbbreviationProtein Eng. Des. Sel.
ISSN (print)1741-0126
ISSN (online)1741-0134
Molecular Biology

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