How to format your references using the Protein Engineering Design and Selection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Protein Engineering Design and Selection (PEDS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shoichet,B.K. (2004) Nature, 432, 862–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacque,J.M. and Stevenson,M. (2006) Nature, 441, 641–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lan,R., Irvine,J.T.S. and Tao,S. (2013) Sci. Rep., 3, 1145.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Hermosura,M.C., Takeuchi,H., Fleig,A., Riley,A.M., Potter,B.V., Hirata,M. and Penner,R. (2000) Nature, 408, 735–740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perlmutter,D.D. and Rothstein,R.L. (2010) The Challenge of Climate Change John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bonino,S. (2005) Adolescents and Risk: Behavior, Functions, and Protective Factors Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang,C.T., Yang,I.H., Li,K.C. and Hsu,C.H. (2005) In Hobbs,M., Goscinski,A.M. and Zhou,W. (eds), Distributed and Parallel Computing: 6th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, ICA3PP, Melbourne, Australia, October 2-3, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Protein Engineering Design and Selection.

Blog post
Fang,J. (2014) Poachers Kill Up To 40,000 African Elephants A Year IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) [Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator] U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kutash,M. (2015) The Relationship Between Nurses’ Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly,C. (2013) New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shoichet, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Shoichet, 2004; Jacque and Stevenson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacque and Stevenson, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hermosura et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleProtein Engineering Design and Selection
AbbreviationProtein Eng. Des. Sel.
ISSN (print)1741-0126
ISSN (online)1741-0134
Molecular Biology

Other styles