How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eichinger N: Getting in the frame. Nature 2007, 446:104–105.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Teasley S, Wolinsky S: Communication. Scientific collaborations at a distance. Science 2001, 292:2254–2255.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Balachandran S, Thomas E, Barber GN: A FADD-dependent innate immune mechanism in mammalian cells. Nature 2004, 432:401–405.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Velcich A, Yang W, Heyer J, Fragale A, Nicholas C, Viani S, Kucherlapati R, Lipkin M, Yang K, Augenlicht L: Colorectal cancer in mice genetically deficient in the mucin Muc2. Science 2002, 295:1726–1729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Held T: In-situ-Verfahren zur Boden- und Grundwassersanierung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Madhavan G, Oakley B, Kun L (Eds): Career Development in Bioengineering and Biotechnology: Roads Well Laid and Paths Less Traveled. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rajasekar S, Sanjuan MAF: Vibrational Resonance in Multistable and Excitable Systems. In Nonlinear Resonances. Edited by Sanjuan MAF. Springer International Publishing; 2016:119–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Biotechnology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T: China’s First Space Station Could Be Out Of Control And Heading For Earth. IFLScience 2016,

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Intellectual Property: Observations on Efforts to Quantify the Economic Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moris FA: International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC Subsidiaries. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J: In the Better of Two Hereafters, but Still Crabby About It. New York Times 2016,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0958-1669
ISSN (online)1879-0429
ScopeBiotechnology
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering

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