How to format your references using the Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Batey RT. Structural biology: Lariat lessons. Nature 2014;514:173–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kan J, Wang Y. Large and fast reversible Li-ion storages in Fe2O3-graphene sheet-on-sheet sandwich-like nanocomposites. Sci Rep 2013;3:3502.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Preis T, Moat HS, Stanley HE. Quantifying trading behavior in financial markets using Google Trends. Sci Rep 2013;3:1684.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Miller LH, Baruch DI, Marsh K, Doumbo OK. The pathogenic basis of malaria. Nature 2002;415:673–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Srivastava SP. Developments in Lubricant Technology. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Gavalec M. Decision Making and Optimization: Special Matrices and Their Applications in Economics and Management. vol. 677. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Verweij A. Perspective in a box. In: García-Salgado T, editor. Architecture, Mathematics and Perspective, Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010, p. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. The Solar Neighborhood Might Be Full Of Brown Dwarfs. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-solar-neighborhood-might-be-full-of-brown-dwarfs/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Library of Congress: Strong Leadership Needed to Address Serious Information Technology Management Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Buquiran ES. Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rashbaum WK, Kaplan T. U.S. Says Assembly Speaker Took Millions in Payoffs, Abusing Office. New York Times 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
AbbreviationRenew. Sustain. Energy Rev.
ISSN (print)1364-0321
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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