How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramirez, A. P.: Geometric frustration: Magic moments, Nature, 421, 483, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, G. and Smolin, J. A.: An exactly solvable model for quantum communications, Nature, 504, 263–267, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y. A., Feng, A.-C., and Ganz, P. A.: Health services utilisation in breast cancer survivors in Taiwan, Sci. Rep., 4, 7466, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Maze, I., Covington, H. E., 3rd, Dietz, D. M., LaPlant, Q., Renthal, W., Russo, S. J., Mechanic, M., Mouzon, E., Neve, R. L., Haggarty, S. J., Ren, Y., Sampath, S. C., Hurd, Y. L., Greengard, P., Tarakhovsky, A., Schaefer, A., and Nestler, E. J.: Essential role of the histone methyltransferase G9a in cocaine-induced plasticity, Science, 327, 213–216, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezzoug, A. and El-Hadi Zaïm, M.: Non-conventional Electrical Machines, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Wang, Z.-W. (Ed.): Molecular Mechanisms of Neurotransmitter Release, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, XIII, 347 p pp., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Trabucchi, M., Briata, P., Filipowicz, W., Ramos, A., Gherzi, R., and Rosenfeld, M. G.: KSRP Promotes the Maturation of a Group of miRNA Precuresors, in: Regulation of microRNAs, edited by: Großhans, H., Springer US, New York, NY, 36–42, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics.

Blog post
Your Cat’s Fur Color Is Linked To Its Aggressiveness:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Vulnerabilities Still Exist in the Aviation Security System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reitz, M. A.: Nonlinear Robust Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors With Applications to Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A.: Buy an ID Card and Forget About the Line, New York Times, 19th March, 56, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramirez, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ramirez, 2003; Smith and Smolin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Smolin, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Maze et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn.
ISSN (print)2196-6311
ISSN (online)2196-632X
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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