How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basset, J.-M.: Yves Chauvin (1930-2015), Nature, 519, 159, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassidy, L. D. and Narita, M.: CELL BIOLOGY. GATA get a hold on senescence, Science, 349, 1448–1449, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, Y., Sanchez, J. A., and Wangh, L. J.: Kinetic hairpin oligonucleotide blockers for selective amplification of rare mutations, Sci. Rep., 4, 5921, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Philbin, T. G., Kuklewicz, C., Robertson, S., Hill, S., König, F., and Leonhardt, U.: Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon, Science, 319, 1367–1370, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J. M.: Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Cohen, A., Porath, M., Clarke, A., Bai, H., Leggo, C., and Meyer, K. (Eds.): Speaking of Teaching…: Inclinations, Inspirations, and Innerworkings, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, X, 130 p pp., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kennedy, A. and de León, I.: Frameworks and Integration, in: Pro CSS for High Traffic Websites, edited by: León, I. de, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 101–135, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics.

Blog post
What’s The Stickiest Object In The Solar System?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FAA Information Technology: Complete Cost Data Not Provided to OMB, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie, R. A.: A correlational study of servant leadership and teacher job satisfaction in a public education institution, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: A West Side Stepchild Seeks Respect for Its Roots, New York Times, 25th February, 147, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Basset, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Basset, 2015; Cassidy and Narita, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cassidy and Narita, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Philbin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn.
ISSN (print)2196-6311
ISSN (online)2196-632X
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles