How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E.: Mothers of invention?, Nature, 442(7106), 973, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hasty, P. and Vijg, J.: Aging. Genomic priorities in aging, Science, 296(5571), 1250–1251, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harker, D. E., Woodward, C. E. and Wooden, D. H.: The dust grains from 9P/Tempel 1 before and after the encounter with Deep Impact, Science, 310(5746), 278–280, 2005.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Li, Q., Le May, M., Lacroix, N. and Chen, J.: Induction of Pax3 gene expression impedes cardiac differentiation, Sci. Rep., 3, 2498, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, P. and Kempner, M.: 50 Great Myths of Human Sexuality, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2015.
An edited book
Conrad, D., Ed.: Athabasca’s Going Unmanned: An Ethnodrama About Incarcerated Youth, SensePublishers, Rotterdam., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Sesham, S. and Sabat, S. L.: Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Networks, in White Space Communication: Advances, Developments and Engineering Challenges, edited by A. K. Mishra and D. L. Johnson, pp. 117–151, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: How World War II Spurred Vaccine Innovation, IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: DOT Contract Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, R.: An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: A Shelter Gets a Cold Shoulder In a “Pastoral” Residential Area, New York Times, 9th September, 144, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hasty and Vijg, 2002; Marris, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hasty and Vijg, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn.
ISSN (print)2196-6311
ISSN (online)2196-632X
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles