How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delude, C.: Tumorigenesis: Testing ground for cancer stem cells, Nature, 480(7377), S43-5, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gosu, V. and Choi, S.: Structural dynamic analysis of apo and ATP-bound IRAK4 kinase, Sci. Rep., 4, 5748, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petersen-Mahrt, S. K., Harris, R. S. and Neuberger, M. S.: AID mutates E. coli suggesting a DNA deamination mechanism for antibody diversification, Nature, 418(6893), 99–103, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Huang, B., Wu, H., Bhaya, D., Grossman, A., Granier, S., Kobilka, B. K. and Zare, R. N.: Counting low-copy number proteins in a single cell, Science, 315(5808), 81–84, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C.: Design and Analysis of Composite Structures, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2010.
An edited book
Hakansson, A. and Hartung, R., Eds.: Agent and Multi-Agent Systems in Distributed Systems - Digital Economy and E-Commerce, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Härdle, W. K. and Hlávka, Z.: Theory of the Multinormal, in Multivariate Statistics: Exercises and Solutions, edited by Z. Hlávka, pp. 71–88, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Why Menthol Chills Your Mouth When It’s Not Actually Cold, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Automatic Data Processing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1967.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterjee, K.: A probabilistic mechanistic approach for assessing the rupture frequency of small modular reactor steam generator tubes using uncertain inputs from in-service inspections, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J.: A Wolf Roaming the Vatican, New York Times, 12th January, C1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delude, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Delude, 2011; Gosu and Choi, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gosu and Choi, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn.
ISSN (print)2196-6311
ISSN (online)2196-632X
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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