How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barley, S.: Animal research: The radical, Nature, 470, 454–456, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Corcoran, A. J. and Conner, W. E.: Bats jamming bats: food competition through sonar interference, Science, 346, 745–747, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schultz, P. H., Staid, M. I., and Pieters, C. M.: Lunar activity from recent gas release, Nature, 444, 184–186, 2006.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Wang, B., Xin, H., Li, X., Cheng, J., Yang, G., and Nie, F.: Mesoporous CNT@TiO2-C nanocable with extremely durable high rate capability for lithium-ion battery anodes, Sci. Rep., 4, 3729, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joule, J. A. and Mills, K.: Heterocyclic Chemistry at a Glance, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Georgieva, P., Mihaylova, L., and Jain, L. C. (Eds.): Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing and Data Mining: Theory and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XIV, 354 p pp., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Cruse, H., Dürr, V., Schilling, M., and Schmitz, J.: A Bottom-Up Approach for Cognitive Control, in: Spatial Temporal Patterns for Action-Oriented Perception in Roving Robots, edited by: Arena, P. and Patanè, L., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 179–218, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics.

Blog post
Hacking Photosynthesis Yields Turbocharged Crops:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Implications of Joint NASA/DOD Participation in Space Shuttle Operations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giles, C. L.: Faculty mentoring of undergraduate students: A qualitative phenomenological study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rubin, J. P.: 59 Missiles Don’t Equal a Foreign Policy, New York Times, 8th April, SR2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barley, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Barley, 2011; Corcoran and Conner, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Corcoran and Conner, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn.
ISSN (print)2196-6311
ISSN (online)2196-632X
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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