How to format your references using the Earth Surface Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Surface Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segall, P.: Geophysics. Understanding earthquakes, Science, 336, 676–677, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray, J. and Segall, P.: Testing time-predictable earthquake recurrence by direct measurement of strain accumulation and release, Nature, 419, 287–291, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petit, R. J., Hu, F. S., and Dick, C. W.: Forests of the past: a window to future changes, Science, 320, 1450–1452, 2008.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Iwabu, M., Yamauchi, T., Okada-Iwabu, M., Sato, K., Nakagawa, T., Funata, M., Yamaguchi, M., Namiki, S., Nakayama, R., Tabata, M., Ogata, H., Kubota, N., Takamoto, I., Hayashi, Y. K., Yamauchi, N., Waki, H., Fukayama, M., Nishino, I., Tokuyama, K., Ueki, K., Oike, Y., Ishii, S., Hirose, K., Shimizu, T., Touhara, K., and Kadowaki, T.: Adiponectin and AdipoR1 regulate PGC-1alpha and mitochondria by Ca(2+) and AMPK/SIRT1, Nature, 464, 1313–1319, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alhabeeb, M. J.: Mathematical Finance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Bonča, J. and Kruchinin, S. (Eds.): Electron Transport in Nanosystems, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XXII, 398 p pp., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Rolando, A. and Di Vita, S.: Reference Case Studies and Best Practices, in: From Smart City to Smart Region: Digital Services for an Internet of Places, edited by: Rolando, A. and Di Vita, S., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 73–91, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Surface Dynamics.

Blog post
SpaceX Plans To Send Two People On A Mission To The Moon In 2018:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: VOR/DME and LORAN Expansion, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, K.: An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B.: Tennis; Azarenka Returns With a Victory, New York Times, 21st June, B14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segall, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Segall, 2012; Murray and Segall, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and Segall, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Iwabu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Surface Dynamics
AbbreviationEarth Surf. Dyn.
ISSN (print)2196-6311
ISSN (online)2196-632X
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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