How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cartwright, J. (2001). Stranger than fiction. Nature, 412(6848), 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tram, U., & Sullivan, W. (2002). Role of delayed nuclear envelope breakdown and mitosis in Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570), 1124–1126.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore, W. D. S., Olson, E. A., & Weber, M. (2013). Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Scientific Reports, 3, 3457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, H., Zhu, X., Li, H., Cui, J., Liu, C., Chen, X., & Zhang, W. (2014). Induction of caspase-3-like activity in rice following release of cytochrome-f from the chloroplast and subsequent interaction with the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Scientific Reports, 4, 5989.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen, R. N. (2010). Practical Relativity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Blowers, M. (Ed.). (2015). Evolution of Cyber Technologies and Operations to 2035 (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 63). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gheysens, O., & Gambhir, S. S. (2005). Studying molecular and cellular processes in the intact organism. In P. L. Herrling, A. Matter, & M. Rudin (Eds.), Imaging in Drug Discovery and Early Clinical Trials (pp. 117–150). Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 12). Scientists Develop “Smart” Insulin That Automatically Activates When Needed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). FAA Technical Center: Mission and Role in National Airspace System Plan Implementation (IMTEC-88-6BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, P. (2010). Evaluation of the flicker effect as a generative strategy in enhancing computer -based instruction (CBI) of visual recognition and classification [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016, October 25). Playing a Beautiful Game. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cartwright, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cartwright, 2001; Tram & Sullivan, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tram & Sullivan, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Killgore et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Economics
AbbreviationJ. Asian Econ.
ISSN (print)1049-0078
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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