How to format your references using the Journal of Asian Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Asian Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, C. (2000). Molecular mechanisms that confer antibacterial drug resistance. Nature, 406(6797), 775–781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zukor, K., & He, Z. (2011). Regenerative medicine: drawing breath after spinal injury. Nature, 475(7355), 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dandekar, A. A., Chugani, S., & Greenberg, E. P. (2012). Bacterial quorum sensing and metabolic incentives to cooperate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 264–266.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Court, F. A., Sherman, D. L., Pratt, T., Garry, E. M., Ribchester, R. R., Cottrell, D. F., … Brophy, P. J. (2004). Restricted growth of Schwann cells lacking Cajal bands slows conduction in myelinated nerves. Nature, 431(7005), 191–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W. (2017). Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wegener, J. (Ed.). (2016). Measuring Biological Impacts of Nanomaterials (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 5). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Westphal, M., & Emami, P. (2015). Pineal Lesions: A Multidisciplinary Challenge. In J. Schramm (Ed.), Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery: Volume 42 (pp. 79–102). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Asian Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 8). New Prion Disease Raises Questions About Whether Alzheimer’s And Parkinson’s Could Be Infectious. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Certain Weaknesses in the Administration of the Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Project in Cleveland, Ohio (No. 089487). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armani, M. D. (2010). Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thomas, K. (2014, November 28). Drug Company Enlists Doctors Under Scrutiny. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Walsh, 2000; Zukor & He, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zukor & He, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Dandekar, Chugani, & Greenberg, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Court et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Asian Economics
AbbreviationJ. Asian Econ.
ISSN (print)1049-0078
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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