How to format your references using the 3D-Printed Materials and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3D-Printed Materials and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
de Lozanne A (2004) Physics. Music of the spheres at the atomic scale. Science 305:348–349
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mukhopadhyay D, Riezman H (2007) Proteasome-independent functions of ubiquitin in endocytosis and signaling. Science 315:201–205
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Biastoch A, Böning CW, Lutjeharms JRE (2008) Agulhas leakage dynamics affects decadal variability in Atlantic overturning circulation. Nature 456:489–492
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Cocheo V, Sacco P, Boaretto C, et al (2000) Urban benzene and population exposure. Nature 404:141–142

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schwedt G (2013) Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Chatzi E, Papadimitriou C (2016) Identification Methods for Structural Health Monitoring. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blanton JO, Andrade F, Ferreira MA (2006) The Relationship of Hydrodynamics to Morphology in Tidal Creek and Salt Marsh Systems of South Carolina and Georgia. In: Kleppel GS, DeVoe MR, Rawson MV (eds) Changing Land Use Patterns in the Coastal Zone: Managing Environmental Quality in Rapidly Developing Regions. Springer, New York, NY, pp 93–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3D-Printed Materials and Systems.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) The Journey To The Other Side Of Absolute Zero. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/journey-other-side-absolute-zero/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation Safety: FAA Has Increased Efforts to Address Runway Incursions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rabalais ME (2014) STEAM: A National Study of the Integration of the Arts Into STEM Instruction and its Impact on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M (2012) Skipping School and Work? They Just Felt Blue. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal title3D-Printed Materials and Systems
ISSN (online)2363-8389
Scope

Other styles