How to format your references using the 3D-Printed Materials and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for 3D-Printed Materials and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chipman A (2007) Swiss on a roll. Nature 448:525
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Park J, Yook S-H (2014) Bayesian inference of natural rankings in incomplete competition networks. Sci Rep 4:6212
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Green ED, Guyer MS, National Human Genome Research Institute (2011) Charting a course for genomic medicine from base pairs to bedside. Nature 470:204–213
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Dejean A, Solano PJ, Ayroles J, et al (2005) Insect behaviour: arboreal ants build traps to capture prey. Nature 434:973

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hill R, Solt G (2010) Engineering Money. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Flatté ME, Ţifrea I (2007) Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang J (2009) Mean-Variance Analysis: A New Document Ranking Theory in Information Retrieval. In: Boughanem M, Berrut C, Mothe J, Soule-Dupuy C (eds) Advances in Information Retrieval: 31th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2009, Toulouse, France, April 6-9, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 4–16

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for 3D-Printed Materials and Systems.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Nearly 1,500 New Viruses Have Just Been Discovered In China. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/1500-new-viruses-discovered-china/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1989) ADP Acquisition: Army Civilian Personnel System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wang S (2017) Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B (2017) Still Stretching Toward Heaven. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal title3D-Printed Materials and Systems
ISSN (online)2363-8389
Scope

Other styles