How to format your references using the Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams, K.A.: Three-dimensional structure of the ion-coupled transport protein NhaA. Nature. 403, 112–115 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gal-Yam, A., Leonard, D.C.: A massive hypergiant star as the progenitor of the supernova SN 2005gl. Nature. 458, 865–867 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H.-J., Lee, J.-H., Cho, J.-H.: Antiferromagnetic Slater insulator phase of Na₂IrO₃. Sci. Rep. 4, 5253 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stroscio, J.A., Tavazza, F., Crain, J.N., Celotta, R.J., Chaka, A.M.: Electronically induced atom motion in engineered CoCun nanostructures. Science. 313, 948–951 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zirngibl, L.: Antifungal Azoles. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2005)
An edited book
Snelder, D.J., Lasco, R.D. eds: Smallholder Tree Growing for Rural Development and Environmental Services: Lessons from Asia. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Krummenacher, H.: Computer Assisted Early Warning – the FAST Example. In: Trappl, R. (ed.) Programming for Peace: Computer-Aided Methods for International Conflict Resolution and Prevention. pp. 71–80. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Researchers Develop An Inhaler To Protect Against Air Pollution


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highway Infrastructure: Federal Efforts to Strengthen Security Should Be Better Coordinated and Targeted on the Nation’s Most Critical Highway Infrastructure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrios, G.: Outreach program to address the unmet needs of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans: A grant proposal, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M.: New Jersey Man Is Found Guilty on All Counts in Chelsea Bomb Attack, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo
AbbreviationRend. Circ. Mat. Palermo (2)
ISSN (print)0009-725X
ISSN (online)1973-4409
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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