How to format your references using the Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lissauer, J.J.: Astronomy. Growing apart in lock step. Science. 313, 1054–1055 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, S.E., Fenton, W.S.: Medicine. What are the right targets for psychopharmacology? Science. 299, 350–351 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, Q.-X., Wang, D.-N., MacKinnon, R.: Electron microscopic analysis of KvAP voltage-dependent K+ channels in an open conformation. Nature. 430, 806–810 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mair, G.R., Braks, J.A.M., Garver, L.S., Wiegant, J.C.A.G., Hall, N., Dirks, R.W., Khan, S.M., Dimopoulos, G., Janse, C.J., Waters, A.P.: Regulation of sexual development of Plasmodium by translational repression. Science. 313, 667–669 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fingerloos, F., Hegger, J., Zilch, K.: EUROCODE 2 für Deutschland. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2016)
An edited book
Gustafson, S.J.: Mathematical Concepts of Quantum Mechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Shabtai, A., Elovici, Y., Rokach, L.: Data Leakage Detection/Prevention Solutions. In: Elovici, Y. and Rokach, L. (eds.) A Survey of Data Leakage Detection and Prevention Solutions. pp. 17–37. Springer US, Boston, MA (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Land Management Systems: Actions Needed in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fichera, M.: Transport of seawater and its influence on the transverse tensile strength of unidirectional composite materials, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, J.: Forget Watergate. Think Iran-Contra, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo
AbbreviationRend. Circ. Mat. Palermo (2)
ISSN (print)0009-725X
ISSN (online)1973-4409
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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