How to format your references using the Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arrigo, K.R.: Marine microorganisms and global nutrient cycles. Nature. 437, 349–355 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gowers, T., Nielsen, M.: Massively collaborative mathematics. Nature. 461, 879–881 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Stuphorn, V., Taylor, T.L., Schall, J.D.: Performance monitoring by the supplementary eye field. Nature. 408, 857–860 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jost, J.D., Home, J.P., Amini, J.M., Hanneke, D., Ozeri, R., Langer, C., Bollinger, J.J., Leibfried, D., Wineland, D.J.: Entangled mechanical oscillators. Nature. 459, 683–685 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raz, D., Juhola, A., Serrat-Fernandez, J., Galis, A.: Fast and Efficient Context-Aware Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Rutz, D., Janssen, R. eds: Socio-Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Production. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Evans, N., Lasen, M., Tsey, K.: Discussion and Conclusion. In: Lasen, M. and Tsey, K. (eds.) A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research: Characteristics, Design Quality and Engagement with Sustainability. pp. 35–44. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Rural Utilities Service: Opportunities to Operate Electricity and Telecommunications Loan Programs More Effectively. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, A.E.: A quantitative study of the impact of CFO and auditor turnover on internal control weaknesses, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Latimer, M.: Republicans Ignore a Poisoned City, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo
AbbreviationRend. Circ. Mat. Palermo (2)
ISSN (print)0009-725X
ISSN (online)1973-4409
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles