How to format your references using the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity (Eur Rev Aging Phys Act). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Buckingham S. Genomic mergers. Nature. 2003;425:213.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Valbuzzi A, Yanofsky C. Inhibition of the B. subtilis regulatory protein TRAP by the TRAP-inhibitory protein, AT. Science. 2001;293:2057–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sørensen TL-M, Møller JV, Nissen P. Phosphoryl transfer and calcium ion occlusion in the calcium pump. Science. 2004;304:1672–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li M-M, Jiang T, Sun Z, Zhang Q, Tan C-C, Yu J-T, et al. Genome-wide microRNA expression profiles in hippocampus of rats with chronic temporal lobe epilepsy. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Labadie N, Prins C, Prodhon C. Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Lowes T. Pre-Hospital Anesthesia Handbook. 2nd ed. 2016. Gospel A, Griffiths A, Henning J, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Qadir MMF, Bhatti A, John P. The Adverse Impact of Modern Biotechnology on the Environment. In: Abubakar M, Saeed A, Kul O, editors. The Role of Biotechnology in Improvement of Livestock: Animal Health and Biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Check Out This Seal Riding A Whale [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lucky-seal-rides-whale-get-free-dinner/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Education: What Are the Costs of High-Quality Programs? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jan. Report No.: HRD-90-43BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Stevenson J. Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burns A, Remnick N. Pence Breaks Ranks With Trump, Again, to Support Snubbed Republican Senators. New York Times. 2016 Aug 5;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity
AbbreviationEur. Rev. Aging Phys. Act.
ISSN (print)1813-7253
ISSN (online)1861-6909
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles