How to format your references using the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tian P. Research impact: A tale of two systems. Nature. 2015;520:S28-30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bucchi M, Neresini F. Biotechnology. Why are people hostile to biotechnologies? Science. 2004;304:1749.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Liu J, Gong P, Zhou X. The association between romantic relationship status and 5-HT1A gene in young adults. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7049.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ju B-G, Lunyak VV, Perissi V, Garcia-Bassets I, Rose DW, Glass CK, et al. A topoisomerase IIbeta-mediated dsDNA break required for regulated transcription. Science. 2006;312:1798–802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schwartz RA, Carew MG, Maksimenko T. Micro Markets Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Manfrè L, editor. Spinal Canal Stenosis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Helsen JA, Missirlis Y. Intoxicated by Implants? In: Missirlis Y, editor. Biomaterials: A Tantalus Experience. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Japanese Experiment To Clean Up Space Junk In Orbit Encounters Problem. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 May. Report No.: GAO-03-502.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sorensen TR. The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. Another Press Secretary Profile. New York Times. 2017 Aug 9;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity
AbbreviationEur. Rev. Aging Phys. Act.
ISSN (print)1813-7253
ISSN (online)1861-6909
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

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