How to format your references using the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Branch D. Astrophysics. When a white dwarf explodes. Science. 2003;299:53–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vyleta NP, Jonas P. Loose coupling between Ca2+ channels and release sensors at a plastic hippocampal synapse. Science. 2014;343:665–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pohl MED, Pope KO, von Nagy C. Olmec origins of Mesoamerican writing. Science. 2002;298:1984–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ichiki K, Takahashi K, Ohno H, Hanayama H, Sugiyama N. Cosmological magnetic field: a fossil of density perturbations in the early universe. Science. 2006;311:827–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hillis DR, Duvall JB. Improving Profitability through Green Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Naber D. Current Schizophrenia. 3rd ed. 2013. Lambert M, editor. Heidelberg: Springer Healthcare UK; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Peng C, Yue D, Han Q-L. Delay Distribution-Dependent Control for Networked Takagi–Sugeno Fuzzy Systems. In: Yue D, Han Q-L, editors. Communication and Control for Networked Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 41–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Lab Experiment Accidentally Gave Students Caffeine Dose Equal To 300 Coffees [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Organization Organic Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Apr. Report No.: 105671.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vaughan L. Executive function in daily life: Age-related influences of executive processes on instrumental activities of daily living [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. The Son of Joseph. New York Times. 2017 Jan 12;C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity
AbbreviationEur. Rev. Aging Phys. Act.
ISSN (print)1813-7253
ISSN (online)1861-6909
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles