How to format your references using the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sharp T. Earth science. Bridgmanite--named at last. Science. 2014;346:1057–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. What songbirds teach us about learning. Nature. 2002;417:351–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xuereb A, Ulbricht H, Paternostro M. Optomechanical interface for probing matter-wave coherence. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3378.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van der Bent ML, Sterken MG, Volkers RJM, Riksen JAG, Schmid T, Hajnal A, et al. Loss-of-function of β-catenin bar-1 slows development and activates the Wnt pathway in Caenorhabditis elegans. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Braudeau E, Assi AT, Mohtar RH. Hydrostructural Pedology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. DeLamater J, Ward A, editors. Handbook of Social Psychology. 2nd ed. 2013. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Haddad L, Helou C. Lower and Upper Classes of Natural Numbers. In: Nathanson MB, editor. Combinatorial and Additive Number Theory: CANT 2011 and 2012. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Would You Drink Virtual Lemonade? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Landsat Policy Issues Still Unresolved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Apr. Report No.: PSAD-78-58.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hutter-Thomas S. Sociocultural Evolution: An Examination of Unorthodox Elective Body Modification [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. Schwarzenegger Won’t Return to ‘Celebrity Apprentice.’ New York Times. 2017 Mar 3;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity
AbbreviationEur. Rev. Aging Phys. Act.
ISSN (print)1813-7253
ISSN (online)1861-6909
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles