How to format your references using the Atmosphere-Ocean citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere-Ocean. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Byatt, A. S. (2005). Fiction informed by science. Nature, 434(7031), 294–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappuoli, R., & Aderem, A. (2011). A 2020 vision for vaccines against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Nature, 473(7348), 463–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ur, J. A., Karsgaard, P., & Oates, J. (2007). Early urban development in the Near East. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5842), 1188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Caputo, A., Caci, E., Ferrera, L., Pedemonte, N., Barsanti, C., Sondo, E., Pfeffer, U., Ravazzolo, R., Zegarra-Moran, O., & Galietta, L. J. V. (2008). TMEM16A, a membrane protein associated with calcium-dependent chloride channel activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5901), 590–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broome, J. (2017). Weighing Goods. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Symeonidou, S., & Beauchamp-Pryor, K. (Eds.). (2013). Purpose, Process and Future Direction of Disability Research. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Simpson, C. G., & Brown, J. W. S. (2008). U12-Dependent Intron Splicing in Plants. In A. S. N. Reddy & M. Golovkin (Eds.), Nuclear pre-mRNA Processing in Plants (pp. 61–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere-Ocean.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 16). Scientists Have Found A Weird Googly-Eyed Squid On The Seafloor. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Air Force Aircraft: Preliminary Information on Air Force Tanker Leasing (GAO-02-724R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanford, R. (2015). Framing Human Trafficking: A Content Analysis of Newspaper Articles from 2012 and 2013 [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, December 2). World Cup Draw Portends More Peril Than Promise. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Byatt, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Byatt, 2005; Rappuoli & Aderem, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rappuoli & Aderem, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Ur et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Caputo et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere-Ocean
ISSN (print)0705-5900
ISSN (online)1480-9214
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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