How to format your references using the Atmosphere-Ocean citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere-Ocean. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin-Frankel, J. (2015). Clinical trials. Researchers seek clear reasons when clinical trials end early. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, M.-X., & Wang, X. (2014). Parallel photonic quantum computation assisted by quantum dots in one-side optical microcavities. Scientific Reports, 4, 5732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Binshtok, A. M., Bean, B. P., & Woolf, C. J. (2007). Inhibition of nociceptors by TRPV1-mediated entry of impermeant sodium channel blockers. Nature, 449(7162), 607–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bargheer, M., Zhavoronkov, N., Gritsai, Y., Woo, J. C., Kim, D. S., Woerner, M., & Elsaesser, T. (2004). Coherent atomic motions in a nanostructure studied by femtosecond X-ray diffraction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5702), 1771–1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, P., Körber, R., & Coppers, M. (2003). Sieben und Siebmaschinen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Orshansky, M. (2008). Design for Manufacturability and Statistical Design: A Constructive Approach (S. R. Nassif & D. Boning, Eds.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Das, K. C. (2006). Nuclear Hematology. In A. H. Elgazzar (Ed.), The Pathophysiologic Basis of Nuclear Medicine (pp. 90–131). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere-Ocean.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 18). Earth’s Gravity Gives The Moon A Massage. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). NASA Commercial Crew Program: Schedule Pressure Increases as Contractors Delay Key Events (GAO-17-137). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurica, M. L. (2012). Napping in the workplace as an invisible stigma: The moderating roles of raters’ nap habit, work ethic, and organizational policy [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, April 26). Justices Raise Doubts on Campaign Finance Law. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin-Frankel, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin-Frankel, 2015; Luo & Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo & Wang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Binshtok et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bargheer et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere-Ocean
ISSN (print)0705-5900
ISSN (online)1480-9214
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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