How to format your references using the Atmosphere-Ocean citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere-Ocean. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Casti, J. L. (2001). Formally speaking. Nature, 411(6837), 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyons, T. W., & Reinhard, C. T. (2009). Early Earth: Oxygen for heavy-metal fans. Nature, 461(7261), 179–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
London, A. J., Kimmelman, J., & Emborg, M. E. (2010). Research ethics. Beyond access vs. protection in trials of innovative therapies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 829–830.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wielicki, B. A., Wong, T., Loeb, N., Minnis, P., Priestley, K., & Kandel, R. (2005). Changes in Earth’s albedo measured by satellite. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazar Madjar, H. (2016). Radio Spectrum Management. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Martí, J., Benedí, J. M., Mendonça, A. M., & Serrat, J. (Eds.). (2007). Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis: Third Iberian Conference, IbPRIA 2007, Girona, Spain, June 6-8, 2007, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 4477). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Makaudze, E. M., & Gelles, G. M. (2015). The Challenges of Providing Water and Sanitation to Urban Slum Settlements in South Africa. In Q. Grafton, K. A. Daniell, C. Nauges, J.-D. Rinaudo, & N. W. W. Chan (Eds.), Understanding and Managing Urban Water in Transition (pp. 121–133). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere-Ocean.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 7). Life Onboard the ISS May Be Revolutionized By 3D Printing. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Aviation Security: DHS and TSA Have Researched, Developed, and Begun Deploying Passenger Checkpoint Screening Technologies, but Continue to Face Challenges (GAO-10-128). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strickland, K. C. (2012). A historical analysis of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, November 7). Job Bias Case Turns on Filing Right Form. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Casti, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Casti, 2001; Lyons & Reinhard, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lyons & Reinhard, 2009)
  • Three authors: (London et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wielicki et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere-Ocean
ISSN (print)0705-5900
ISSN (online)1480-9214
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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