How to format your references using the Atmosphere-Ocean citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere-Ocean. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett, A. J. (2005). The quantum measurement problem. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 871–872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y., & Robinson, G. H. (2011). Chemistry. Building a Lewis base with boron. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 530–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, K. V., Brodie, E. D., Jr, & Brodie, E. D., 3rd. (2004). How the horned lizard got its horns. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 65.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ott, B. M., Cruciger, M., Dacks, A. M., & Rio, R. V. M. (2014). Hitchhiking of host biology by beneficial symbionts enhances transmission. Scientific Reports, 4, 5825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hernandez, E. M., & Kamal-Eldin, A. (2013). Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rabl, T., Sachs, K., Poess, M., Baru, C., & Jacobson, H.-A. (Eds.). (2015). Big Data Benchmarking: 5th International Workshop, WBDB 2014, Potsdam, Germany, August 5-6- 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8991). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Langill, C. S., & Muller, L. (2016). Curating Lively Objects: Post-disciplinary Affordances for Media Art Exhibition. In D. England, T. Schiphorst, & N. Bryan-Kinns (Eds.), Curating the Digital: Space for Art and Interaction (pp. 31–49). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere-Ocean.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 7). To Avoid Mantids, Stinkbugs Evolved To Hide In Plain Sight. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Access to Arts Education: Inclusion of Additional Questions in Education’s Planned Research Would Help Explain Why Instruction Time Has Decreased for Some Students (GAO-09-286). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, J. L. (2010). A community college’s loss of accreditation: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, December 30). Nowhere to Run: Outside Refuges, Cheetahs Face Outsize Threats. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leggett, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Leggett, 2005; Wang & Robinson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Robinson, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Young et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ott et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere-Ocean
ISSN (print)0705-5900
ISSN (online)1480-9214
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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