How to format your references using the Atmosphere-Ocean citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere-Ocean. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigley, T. M. L. (2006). A combined mitigation/geoengineering approach to climate stabilization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 452–454.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogan, D. A., & Kolter, R. (2002). Pseudomonas-Candida interactions: an ecological role for virulence factors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2229–2232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, C. S. W., Franke, T. F., & Gan, W.-B. (2012). Opposite effects of fear conditioning and extinction on dendritic spine remodelling. Nature, 483(7387), 87–91.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mair, A., Vaziri, A., Weihs, G., & Zeilinger, A. (2001). Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons. Nature, 412(6844), 313–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyce, P. M., & Lipton, D. (2013). Lamentations Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Gavanelli, M., Lamma, E., & Riguzzi, F. (Eds.). (2015). AI*IA 2015 Advances in Artificial Intelligence: XIVth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Ferrara, Italy, September 23-25, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9336). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khazai, B., Daniell, J. E., Düzgün, Ş., Kunz-Plapp, T., & Wenzel, F. (2014). Framework for Systemic Socio-economic Vulnerability and Loss Assessment. In K. Pitilakis, P. Franchin, B. Khazai, & H. Wenzel (Eds.), SYNER-G: Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Complex Urban, Utility, Lifeline Systems and Critical Facilities: Methodology and Applications (pp. 89–130). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere-Ocean.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 27). The Helmeted Hornbill Is The Latest “Trend” In The Illegal Wildlife Trade. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest (GAO-04-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, S. X. (2009). Theoretical models of olfactory discrimination in Drosophila [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, May 27). Bill Would Make Offenders Share Probation Costs. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigley, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hogan & Kolter, 2002; Wigley, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hogan & Kolter, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lai et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mair et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere-Ocean
ISSN (print)0705-5900
ISSN (online)1480-9214
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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