How to format your references using the Atmosphere-Ocean citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere-Ocean. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jiggins, C. D. (2014). Evolutionary biology: Radiating genomes. Nature, 513(7518), 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katzenellenbogen, B. S., & Katzenellenbogen, J. A. (2002). Biomedicine. Defining the “S” in SERMs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2380–2381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalancon, G., Kruse, K., & Babu, M. M. (2012). Cell biology. Reconfiguring regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6072), 1050–1051.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sato, C., Ueno, Y., Asai, K., Takahashi, K., Sato, M., Engel, A., & Fujiyoshi, Y. (2001). The voltage-sensitive sodium channel is a bell-shaped molecule with several cavities. Nature, 409(6823), 1047–1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, W. L., & Whittle, D. K. (2010). Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gülhan, A. (Ed.). (2008). RESPACE – Key Technologies for Reusable Space Systems: Results of a Virtual Institute Programme of the German Helmholtz-Association, 2003 – 2007 (Vol. 98). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Houlgate, S. (2005). Religion, Morality and Forgiveness in Hegel’s Philosophy. In W. Desmond, E.-O. Onnasch, & P. Cruysberghs (Eds.), Philosophy and Religion in German Idealism (pp. 81–110). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere-Ocean.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 9). Are Hospitals The Safest Place For Healthy Women To Have Babies? An Obstetrician Thinks Twice. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Indian Affairs: Management Challenges Continue to Hinder Efforts to Improve Indian Education (No. GAO-13-342T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brecese, J. A. (2012). Out of Our Depth: Hyper-Extensionality and the Return of Three-Dimensional Media (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dackman, L. (2006, June 4). When You Wish Upon a Saint, Watch What You Ask For. New York Times, p. ST9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jiggins, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Jiggins, 2014; Katzenellenbogen & Katzenellenbogen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katzenellenbogen & Katzenellenbogen, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chalancon, Kruse, & Babu, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sato et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere-Ocean
ISSN (print)0705-5900
ISSN (online)1480-9214
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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