How to format your references using the Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatten, M.E. New directions in neuronal migration. Science 2002, 297, 1660–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolpert, L.; Szathmáry, E. Multicellularity: evolution and the egg. Nature 2002, 420, 745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sawamura, H.; Shima, K.; Tanji, J. Numerical representation for action in the parietal cortex of the monkey. Nature 2002, 415, 918–922.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Karlsson, M.; Rebmann, B.; Lienemann, P.S.; Sprossmann, N.; Ehrbar, M.; Radziwill, G.; Weber, W. Pharmacologically controlled protein switch for ON-OFF regulation of growth factor activity. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackenzie, A.F.D. Places of Possibility; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118278772.
An edited book
Progress in Cryptology -- INDOCRYPT 2015: 16th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Bangalore, India, December 6-9, 2015, Proceedings; Biryukov, A., Goyal, V., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 9462; ISBN 9783319266169.
A chapter in an edited book
Snik, F.; Keller, C.U. Astronomical Polarimetry: Polarized Views of Stars and Planets. In Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems: Volume 2: Astronomical Techniques, Software, and Data; Oswalt, T.D., Bond, H.E., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 175–221 ISBN 9789400756175.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Davis, J. Mars Scientists Emerge From Eight-Month Isolation Experiment (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Contracting for Information Technology Services; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França, F.J. Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. Growing More Diverse. New York Times 2008, NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing
AbbreviationRemote Sens. (Basel)
ISSN (online)2072-4292
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles