How to format your references using the Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Artaxo, P. Break down Boundaries in Climate Research. Nature 2012, 481, 239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dohoney, K.M.; Gelles, J. Chi-Sequence Recognition and DNA Translocation by Single RecBCD Helicase/Nuclease Molecules. Nature 2001, 409, 370–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaplan, C.D.; Laprade, L.; Winston, F. Transcription Elongation Factors Repress Transcription Initiation from Cryptic Sites. Science 2003, 301, 1096–1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baughman, J.M.; Perocchi, F.; Girgis, H.S.; Plovanich, M.; Belcher-Timme, C.A.; Sancak, Y.; Bao, X.R.; Strittmatter, L.; Goldberger, O.; Bogorad, R.L.; et al. Integrative Genomics Identifies MCU as an Essential Component of the Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter. Nature 2011, 476, 341–345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, R.C. The Hedge Fund Book; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118266465.
An edited book
Chizhik, V.I. Magnetic Resonance and Its Applications; Chernyshev, Y.S., Donets, A.V., Frolov, V.V., Komolkin, A.V., Shelyapina, M.G., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319052984.
A chapter in an edited book
Ziegler, G.M.; Vogt, T. Mathematics for the People. In Raising Public Awareness of Mathematics; Behrends, E., Crato, N., Rodrigues, J.F., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 37–46 ISBN 9783642257094.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Luntz, S. A Subsurface Ocean on Pluto? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Enrollment and Attendance Aspects of Federal Student Financial Aid Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1969;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman, M. A Policy Analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. The Most Popular During April. New York Times 2017, RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing
AbbreviationRemote Sens. (Basel)
ISSN (online)2072-4292
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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