How to format your references using the Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jain, R.K. Normalization of Tumor Vasculature: An Emerging Concept in Antiangiogenic Therapy. Science 2005, 307, 58–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Awasthi, A.; Kuchroo, V.K. Immunology. The Yin and Yang of Follicular Helper T Cells. Science 2009, 325, 953–955.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby, E.; Henderson, B.; McFall-Ngai, M. Microbiology. We Get by with a Little Help from Our (Little) Friends. Science 2004, 303, 1305–1307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cohen, I.; Li, H.; Hougland, J.L.; Mrksich, M.; Nagel, S.R. Using Selective Withdrawal to Coat Microparticles. Science 2001, 292, 265–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCormick, K.; Salcedo, J. SPSS Reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Indianapolis, Indiana, 2017; ISBN 9781119183426.
An edited book
Term Rewriting and Applications: 18th International Conference, RTA 2007, Paris, France, June 26-28, 2007. Proceedings; Baader, F., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4533; ISBN 9783540734475.
A chapter in an edited book
Barcenas, D.; Finol, C.E. On Vector Measures, Uniform Integrability and Orlicz Spaces. In Vector Measures, Integration and Related Topics; Curbera, G.P., Mockenhaupt, G., Ricker, W.J., Eds.; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2010; pp. 51–57 ISBN 9783034602105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Musician Turns Lemur Calls Into Beatbox Music Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Astronaut Utilization; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orozco, M. Music Preference and Its Effects on Emotion Processes and Identity Development in Young Adult Females: An Examination of the “Emo” Subculture. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Open Is Dominated By News of the Weird. New York Times 2011, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing
AbbreviationRemote Sens. (Basel)
ISSN (online)2072-4292
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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