How to format your references using the Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhu, Z. Astrophysics: Growing planet brought to light. Nature 2015, 527, 310–311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guessoum, N.; Osama, A. Institutions: Revive universities of the Muslim world. Nature 2015, 526, 634–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, S.J.; Wigley, T.M.; Edmonds, J. CLIMATE: A New Route Toward Limiting Climate Change? Science 2000, 290, 1109–1110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wettey, F.R.; Hawkins, S.F.C.; Stewart, A.; Luzio, J.P.; Howard, J.C.; Jackson, A.P. Controlled elimination of clathrin heavy-chain expression in DT40 lymphocytes. Science 2002, 297, 1521–1525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, R.G. Environmental Calculations; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009; ISBN 9780470925386.
An edited book
Multimodal Analyses enabling Artificial Agents in Human-Machine Interaction: Second International Workshop, MA3HMI 2014, Held in Conjunction with INTERSPEECH 2014, Singapore, Singapore, September 14, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Böck, R., Bonin, F., Campbell, N., Poppe, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 8757; ISBN 9783319155562.
A chapter in an edited book
Mihara, H.; Hayashi, Y.; Yamamoto, M. Performance Evaluation of Fairness between High-Speed TCPs in Wireless Environment. In Advanced Infocomm Technology: 5th IEEE International Conference, ICAIT 2012, Paris, France, July 25-27, 2012. Revised Papers; Guyot, V., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 5–15 ISBN 9783642382260.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Taub, B. Researchers Take Steps Towards Developing A “Universal” Vaccine To Cure All Cancers Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Effects of Changes in the Telecommunications Industry on FCC Operations; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1983;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi, Y.-J. Function of Commissureless and Related Genes in Drosophila Neural Development. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. A Case That Reverberates In Inkblot-Like Districts. New York Times 2017, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing
AbbreviationRemote Sens. (Basel)
ISSN (online)2072-4292
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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