How to format your references using the Current Sexual Health Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sexual Health Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Donnenberg MS. Pathogenic strategies of enteric bacteria. Nature. 2000;406:768–74.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Weatheritt RJ, Babu MM. Evolution. The hidden codes that shape protein evolution. Science. 2013;342:1325–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Khashan SA, Alazzam A, Furlani EP. Computational analysis of enhanced magnetic bioseparation in microfluidic systems with flow-invasive magnetic elements. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5299.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schramke V, Sheedy DM, Denli AM, Bonila C, Ekwall K, Hannon GJ, et al. RNA-interference-directed chromatin modification coupled to RNA polymerase II transcription. Nature. 2005;435:1275–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lee YS. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Landsman K, van Wolde E, editors. The Challenge of Chance: A Multidisciplinary Approach from Science and the Humanities. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pagano MA. Federalism, E-Commerce and Public Finance in the USA. In: Boccia F, Leonardi R, editors. The Challenge of the Digital Economy: Markets, Taxation and Appropriate Economic Models. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sexual Health Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. M&M-Spewing Drones Employed To Tackle The Plague In Endangered Ferrets. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Student Loan Marketing Association’s Loan Consolidation Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 May. Report No.: 121459.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eller LS. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. The Game and the Shoe. New York Times. 2010 Aug 12;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sexual Health Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Sex. Health Rep.
ISSN (print)1548-3584
ISSN (online)1548-3592
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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