How to format your references using the Current Sexual Health Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sexual Health Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Soderquist C. NUCLEAR FUELS. How to isolate americium. Science. 2015;350:635–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kouwenhoven LP, Venema LC. Heat flow through nanobridges. Nature. 2000;404:943–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rudolph ML, Lekić V, Lithgow-Bertelloni C. Viscosity jump in Earth’s mid-mantle. Science. 2015;350:1349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Peñuelas J, Farré-Armengol G, Llusia J, Gargallo-Garriga A, Rico L, Sardans J, et al. Removal of floral microbiota reduces floral terpene emissions. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure. Tray Distillation Columns. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1987.
An edited book
1. Edward SG. Practical MongoDB: Architecting, Developing, and Administering MongoDB. Sabharwal N, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Skyrms B. Discovering “Weight, or the Value of Knowledge.” In: Galavotti MC, editor. Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P Ramsey and the Vienna Circle. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sexual Health Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Five Of The Most Explosive Non-Nuclear Chemicals Ever Made [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. USDA Telecommunications: Missed Opportunities to Save Millions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Apr. Report No.: AIMD-95-97.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ahmed S. Human fatigue in prolonged mentally demanding work-tasks: An observational study in the field [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bray C, Kanter J. E.U. Proposal May Shrink London’s Financial Footprint. New York Times. 2017 May 4;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sexual Health Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Sex. Health Rep.
ISSN (print)1548-3584
ISSN (online)1548-3592
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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