How to format your references using the Current Sexual Health Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sexual Health Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Building the triangle: North Carolina. Nature. 2002;416:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Anikeeva P, Koppes RA. BIOENGINEERING. Restoring the sense of touch. Science. 2015;350:274–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pelkmans L, Püntener D, Helenius A. Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science. 2002;296:535–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Larsson J, Fransson C, Ostlin G, Gröningsson P, Jerkstrand A, Kozma C, et al. X-ray illumination of the ejecta of supernova 1987A. Nature. 2011;474:484–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jones P, Burger J. Configuring SAP® ERP Financials and Controlling. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Moss GP. Predictive Methods in Percutaneous Absorption. Gullick DR, Wilkinson SC, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Labra Gayo JE, Farham H, Fernández JC, Álvarez Rodríguez JM. Representing Statistical Indexes as Linked Data Including Metadata about Their Computation Process. In: Closs S, Studer R, Garoufallou E, Sicilia M-A, editors. Metadata and Semantics Research: 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27-29, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 42–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sexual Health Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. David Attenborough’s Wonderful World [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. EPA: New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines Air Pollution Control--Voluntary Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jun. Report No.: OGC-97-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jackson LI. Empowering African American Youth Who Live in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Antilla S. Decades After Suit, Wall St. Bias Persists for Women. New York Times. 2016 May 23;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sexual Health Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Sex. Health Rep.
ISSN (print)1548-3584
ISSN (online)1548-3592
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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