How to format your references using the European Urology Focus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Focus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kibble T. Gerald Guralnik (1936-2014). Nature 2014;510:36.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Weiner S, Addadi L. Biomineralization. At the cutting edge. Science 2002;298:375–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Andreae MO, Jones CD, Cox PM. Strong present-day aerosol cooling implies a hot future. Nature 2005;435:1187–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
O’Neill E, Rushworth L, Baccarini M, Kolch W. Role of the kinase MST2 in suppression of apoptosis by the proto-oncogene product Raf-1. Science 2004;306:2267–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Clark M. Understanding Diabetes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Bilitewski B, Darbra RM, Barceló D, editors. Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives II: Risk-Based Assessment and Management Strategies. vol. 23. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Paneni F, Cosentino F. Diabetic Cardiomyopathy. In: Cosentino F, editor. Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide to Clinical Management, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Focus.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Vitamin D May Protect Against Severe Asthma Attacks And Hospitalisation. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Protest Alleging Agency Refused To Consider Bid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Packer CD. School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. In Court Ruling On Executions, A Factual Flaw. New York Times 2008:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Focus
AbbreviationEur. Urol. Focus
ISSN (print)2405-4569
ScopeUrology

Other styles