How to format your references using the European Urology Focus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Focus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bensaude-Vincent B. Chemical analysis. Nature 2001;410:415.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tzeng S-R, Kalodimos CG. Protein activity regulation by conformational entropy. Nature 2012;488:236–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Egholm DL, Knudsen MF, Sandiford M. Lifespan of mountain ranges scaled by feedbacks between landsliding and erosion by rivers. Nature 2013;498:475–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shimizu K, Kimura T, Furomoto S, Takeda K, Kontani K, Onuki Y, et al. Superconductivity in the non-magnetic state of iron under pressure. Nature 2001;412:316–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chappell D. The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Vinciguerra S, Bernabé Y, editors. Rock Physics and Natural Hazards. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Koehl M, Le Moal M, Abrous DN. Stress Disorders. In: Seki T, Sawamoto K, Parent JM, Alvarez-Buylla A, editors. Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II: Clinical Implications, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011, p. 53–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Focus.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Vets Call For Ban On Using Homeopathy To Treat Animals. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Air Ambulance: Data Collection and Transparency Needed to Enhance DOT Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Moreno S. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
LaFRANIERE S, Palmer E. In 130 of Worst Shootings, Vision of Porous Gun Laws. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Focus
AbbreviationEur. Urol. Focus
ISSN (print)2405-4569
ScopeUrology

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