How to format your references using the American Journal of Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Breaker, Ronald R. 2004. Natural and engineered nucleic acids as tools to explore biology. Nature 432: 838–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ptashne, Mark, and Alexander Gann. 2003. Signal transduction. Imposing specificity on kinases. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299: 1025–1027.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrie, Ryan J., Hyun Koo, and Kenneth M. Yamada. 2014. Generation of compartmentalized pressure by a nuclear piston governs cell motility in a 3D matrix. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 1062–1065.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yoo, Insang, Chung Kyu Han, Dong-Soo Shin, K. J. B. Lee, J. W. Wu, Han Seb Moon, Oliver B. Wright, and Sam H. Lee. 2014. Spatiotemporal path discontinuities of wavepackets propagating across a meta-atom. Scientific reports 4: 4634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Ying. 2010. Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Camesano, Terri A., ed. 2015. Nanotechnology to Aid Chemical and Biological Defense. 1st ed. 2015. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
García, Salvador, Julián Luengo, and Francisco Herrera. 2015. Dealing with Noisy Data. In Data Preprocessing in Data Mining, ed. Julián Luengo and Francisco Herrera, 107–145. Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Potato Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Kepler Team Announces Discovery of Earth-Sized Planet in Habitable Zone. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. High Risk Series: Student Financial Aid. HR-95-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani, Shana. 2017. Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education. Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. Justices Decline Church-State Case Involving a Kindergarten Poster of Jesus. New York Times, April 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Breaker 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ptashne and Gann 2003; Breaker 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ptashne and Gann 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Potato Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Potato Res.
ISSN (print)1099-209X
ISSN (online)1874-9380
ScopePlant Science

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