How to format your references using the American Journal of Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zon, Leonard I. 2008. Intrinsic and extrinsic control of haematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal. Nature 453: 306–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothman, Daniel H., and David C. Forney. 2007. Physical model for the decay and preservation of marine organic carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 1325–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jensen, Keith, Josep Call, and Michael Tomasello. 2007. Chimpanzees are rational maximizers in an ultimatum game. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 107–109.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yamaguchi, A., S. Kobayashi, H. Ishimoto, and H. Kojima. 2006. Minority spin condensate in the spin-polarized superfluid 3He A1 phase. Nature 444: 909–912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lévy, Pierre. 2013. The Semantic Sphere 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Krogstie, John, Karlheinz Kautz, and David Allen, ed. 2005. Mobile Information Systems II: IFIP International Working Conference on Mobile Information Systems, (MOBIS) Leeds, UK, December 6–7, 2005. Vol. 191. IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Traverso, Giulia, Denise Demirel, and Johannes Buchmann. 2016. State of the Art of Homomorphic Signature Schemes. In Homomorphic Signature Schemes: A Survey, ed. Denise Demirel and Johannes Buchmann, 35–51. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Potato Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. The Best Close-Up Picture Of Pluto From New Horizons Yet. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 2.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Have Made Progress Implementing the E-Government Act of 2002. GAO-05-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova, Monica. 2009. The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, Linda. 2010. Elizabeth Greig and Jason Extein. New York Times, March 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zon 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rothman and Forney 2007; Zon 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothman and Forney 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamaguchi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Potato Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Potato Res.
ISSN (print)1099-209X
ISSN (online)1874-9380
ScopePlant Science

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