How to format your references using the American Journal of Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, Monya. 2010. RNA interference: MicroRNAs as biomarkers. Nature 464: 1227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schumacher, Ton N., and Robert D. Schreiber. 2015. Neoantigens in cancer immunotherapy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 69–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfsberg, T. G., J. McEntyre, and G. D. Schuler. 2001. Guide to the draft human genome. Nature 409: 824–826.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brixner, T., N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber. 2001. Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase. Nature 414: 57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ippolito, Louis J., Jr. 2017. Satellite Communications Systems Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
DeMaris, Alfred. 2013. Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner. Edited by Steven H. Selman. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Medina, Marie-Jo. 2016. Pandemic Influenza Planning for the Mental Health Security of Survivors of Mass Deaths. In Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges, ed. Anthony J. Masys, 79–100. Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Potato Research.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. 25 Myths You Shouldn’t Believe About Earth, Space, And Physics. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 5.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Federal Research Grants: Opportunities Remain for Agencies to Streamline Administrative Requirements. GAO-16-573. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzaga Reed, Ryan Ronald. 2017. The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scheiber, Noam. 2016. Fight for $15 Widens Focus. New York Times, November 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2010; Schumacher and Schreiber 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schumacher and Schreiber 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Brixner et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Potato Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Potato Res.
ISSN (print)1099-209X
ISSN (online)1874-9380
ScopePlant Science

Other styles