How to format your references using the American Journal of Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swartz, Kenton J. 2008. Sensing voltage across lipid membranes. Nature 456: 891–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Ginneken, V. J., and G. E. van den Thillart. 2000. Eel fat stores are enough to reach the Sargasso. Nature 403: 156–157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Papp, Balázs, Csaba Pál, and Laurence D. Hurst. 2003. Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast. Nature 424: 194–197.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blanford, Simon, Brian H. K. Chan, Nina Jenkins, Derek Sim, Ruth J. Turner, Andrew F. Read, and Matt B. Thomas. 2005. Fungal pathogen reduces potential for malaria transmission. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1638–1641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, H. G., H. S. Forrest, S. S. Grossel, J. E. Huff, A. R. Muller, J. A. Noronha, D. A. Shaw, and B. J. Tilley. 1993. Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yore, Larry D., Eileen Van der Flier-Keller, David W. Blades, Timothy W. Pelton, and David B. Zandvliet, ed. 2011. Pacific CRYSTAL Centre for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Literacy: Lessons Learned. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Ďuranová, Lenka, and Sandra Ohly. 2016. Conceptual Framework with the Focus on Recovery and Well-Being Processes. In Persistent Work-related Technology Use, Recovery and Well-being Processes: Focus on Supplemental Work After Hours, ed. Sandra Ohly, 61–92. SpringerBriefs in Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Potato Research.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. Seaworld To Build Better Orca Enclosures After Blackfish Documentary Hits Profits. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Transportation Safety: Information Concerning Why a 1980 Aircraft Report Was Not Provided Earlier to the National Transportation Safety Board. OSI-00-2R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, Nancy M. 2009. Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone. Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. Who’s That Knocking on the Door? New York Times, April 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swartz 2008).
This sentence cites two references (van Ginneken and van den Thillart 2000; Swartz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Ginneken and van den Thillart 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Blanford et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Potato Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Potato Res.
ISSN (print)1099-209X
ISSN (online)1874-9380
ScopePlant Science

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