How to format your references using the American Journal of Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson, Katharine. 2007. Display of flexibility. Nature 445: 473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toader, O., and S. John. 2001. Proposed square spiral microfabrication architecture for large three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1133–1135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petta, J. R., H. Lu, and A. C. Gossard. 2010. A coherent beam splitter for electronic spin states. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327: 669–672.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yan, Nan, Fang Wang, Hao Zhong, Yan Li, Yu Wang, Lin Hu, and Qianwang Chen. 2013. Hollow porous SiO2 nanocubes towards high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Scientific reports 3: 1568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mathian, Hélène, and Lena Sanders. 2014. Spatio-Temporal Approaches. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Malinowska, Agnieszka B. 2015. Advanced Methods in the Fractional Calculus of Variations. Edited by Tatiana Odzijewicz and Delfim F. M. Torres. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Patterson, Caroline. 2015. The Role of Surgery in Pulmonary Hypertension. In Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension, ed. Brendan Madden, 147–170. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Potato Research.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. Ring of Stellar Fire Surrounds 12-Billion-Year-Old Galaxy. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 30.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Department of Education: Guaranteed Student Loan Program Vulnerabilities. GAO-03-268R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks, Edward D. 2010. Teaching teachers: A study of teacher educators’ perceptions of the effect of meeting mandated NCATE standards. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2013. Eye-Popping Storytelling (Nostalgic To Naughty). New York Times, November 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Toader and John 2001; Sanderson 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toader and John 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Potato Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Potato Res.
ISSN (print)1099-209X
ISSN (online)1874-9380
ScopePlant Science

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