How to format your references using the American Journal of Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Armitage, Philip J. 2008. Astronomy. Stars in the making. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1047–1048.
A journal article with 2 authors
Montagner, J. P., and J. Ritsema. 2001. Geology. Interactions between ridges and plumes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1472–1473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Linnerooth-Bayer, Joanne, Reinhard Mechler, and Georg Pflug. 2005. Refocusing disaster aid. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 1044–1046.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Abel, E. D., O. Peroni, J. K. Kim, Y. B. Kim, O. Boss, E. Hadro, T. Minnemann, G. I. Shulman, and B. B. Kahn. 2001. Adipose-selective targeting of the GLUT4 gene impairs insulin action in muscle and liver. Nature 409: 729–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, Marvin C. 2005. LC/MS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gladwell, G. M. L., J. M. Huyghe, Peter A. C. Raats, and Stephen C. Cowin, ed. 2005. IUTAM Symposium on Physicochemical and Electromechanical Interactions in Porous Media. Vol. 125. Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Costamagna, Juan A., Mauricio Isaacs, María J. Aguirre, Galo Ramírez, and Ignacio Azocar. 2006. Electroreduction of CO2 Catalyzed by Metallomacrocyclics. In N4-Macrocyclic Metal Complexes, ed. José H. Zagal, Fethi Bedioui, and Jean-Pol Dodelet, 191–254. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Potato Research.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. Ancient Pottery Reveals Sudden Drop In Strength Of Earth’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience. IFLScience. February 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-96-28(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoang, Trong Tuyen. 2017. Acoustic and Image Vehicle Classification System. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. When Artist Becomes Muse. New York Times, June 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Armitage 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Montagner and Ritsema 2001; Armitage 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Montagner and Ritsema 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Abel et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Potato Research
AbbreviationAm. J. Potato Res.
ISSN (print)1099-209X
ISSN (online)1874-9380
ScopePlant Science

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