How to format your references using the Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hellemans A. Antihydrogen: through the looking glass. Nature 2000;406:556–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rivera LB, Bergers G. Angiogenesis. Targeting vascular sprouts. Science 2014;344:1449–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nimmerjahn A, Kirchhoff F, Helmchen F. Resting microglial cells are highly dynamic surveillants of brain parenchyma in vivo. Science 2005;308:1314–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kühl M, Chen M, Ralph PJ, Schreiber U, Larkum AWD. Ecology: a niche for cyanobacteria containing chlorophyll d. Nature 2005;433:820.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stockinger P. Audiovisual Archives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Nicolescu G, O’Connor I, Piguet C, editors. Design Technology for Heterogeneous Embedded Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hart SGE. Safety Pharmacology of Drugs for the Urinary Tract. In: Vogel HG, Hock FJ, Maas J, Mayer D, editors. Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 95–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. SpaceX Will Launch A Groundbreaking MRSA Experiment To The ISS Next Week. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/spacex-will-launch-a-groundbreaking-mrsa-experiment-to-the-iss-next-week/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Elementary and Secondary Education: Ed-Flex States Vary in Implementation of Waiver Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Baudy AR. Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Set to Weigh Central Election-Law Issues. New York Times 2006:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Cardiovascular Diseases
AbbreviationArch. Cardiovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)1875-2136
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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