How to format your references using the Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cairns BR. The logic of chromatin architecture and remodelling at promoters. Nature 2009;461:193–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Delaval B, Doxsey S. Genetics. Dwarfism, where pericentrin gains stature. Science 2008;319:732–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bryden HL, Longworth HR, Cunningham SA. Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N. Nature 2005;438:655–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Harlow ML, Ress D, Stoschek A, Marshall RM, McMahan UJ. The architecture of active zone material at the frog’s neuromuscular junction. Nature 2001;409:479–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
van Etten WC. Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Zhou Y. Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents. vol. 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Melling L. Peatland in Malaysia. In: Osaki M, Tsuji N, editors. Tropical Peatland Ecosystems, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016, p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Antarctic Temperatures Reach Record Highs. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/antarctic-temperature-record-broken/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. HEW Audits of Federal Grants and Contracts Administered by Institutions of Higher Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Martinez Abadia JM. French for Spanish speakers: A contrastive study of English monolingual, bilingual, and plurilingual adult learners of French. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Nir SM, Barron J. Relief and Trepidation as Ride-Hailing Services Become Legal Across New York. New York Times 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Cardiovascular Diseases
AbbreviationArch. Cardiovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)1875-2136
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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