How to format your references using the Radiotherapy and Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiotherapy and Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Benovic JL. Structural biology: Arresting developments in receptor signalling. Nature 2015;523:538–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Asimow PD, Langmuir CH. The importance of water to oceanic mantle melting regimes. Nature 2003;421:815–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Guo G, Wang W, Bradley A. Mismatch repair genes identified using genetic screens in Blm-deficient embryonic stem cells. Nature 2004;429:891–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang C, He Q, Halim U, Liu Y, Zhu E, Lin Z, et al. Monolayer atomic crystal molecular superlattices. Nature 2018;555:231–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2003.
An edited book
[1]
Ravi V, Panigrahi BK, Das S, Suganthan PN, editors. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fuzzy and Neuro Computing (FANCCO - 2015). vol. 415. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jonathan-Zamir T, Weisburd D, Hasisi B. How Do Majority Communities View the Potential Costs of Policing Terrorism? In: Weisburd D, Hasisi B, editors. Policing Terrorism, Crime Control, and Police-Community Relations: Learning from the Israeli Experience, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 99–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiotherapy and Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Why Do We Get Allergies? IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. High Definition Television: The Effects of Standards on U.S. Entertainment Industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Villa J. Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. In Suit, Ex-Employee Says Drug-Test Firm Mishandled Result. New York Times 2014:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiotherapy and Oncology
AbbreviationRadiother. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0167-8140
ScopeHematology
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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