How to format your references using the Educational Philosophy and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Philosophy and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connor, C. E. (2010). Neuroscience. A new viewpoint on faces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6005), 764–765.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwalb, N. K., & Temps, F. (2008). Base sequence and higher-order structure induce the complex excited-state dynamics in DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 243–245.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrentovich, O. D., Lazo, I., & Pishnyak, O. P. (2010). Nonlinear electrophoresis of dielectric and metal spheres in a nematic liquid crystal. Nature, 467(7318), 947–950.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cliffe, L. J., Humphreys, N. E., Lane, T. E., Potten, C. S., Booth, C., & Grencis, R. K. (2005). Accelerated intestinal epithelial cell turnover: a new mechanism of parasite expulsion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5727), 1463–1465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
d’Andria, A., & Gabarret, I. (2017). Building 21st Century Entrepreneurship. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ehrentraut, D., Meissner, E., & Bockowski, M. (Eds.). (2010). Technology of Gallium Nitride Crystal Growth (Vol. 133). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barazzetti, L., Brumana, R., Oreni, D., & Previtali, M. (2014). Historical Map Registration via Independent Model Adjustment with Affine Transformations. In B. Murgante, S. Misra, A. M. A. C. Rocha, C. Torre, J. G. Rocha, M. I. Falcão, … O. Gervasi (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2014: 14th International Conference, Guimarães, Portugal, June 30 – July 3, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV (pp. 44–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Philosophy and Theory.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, June 5). Newly Refined “Liquid Biopsies” Could Detect Cancer From Simple Blood Tests. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: A Review of Emergency Response Information in Selected Train Documents (No. GAO-17-130). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Accortt, E. E. (2009). Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, April 15). Old Is Good, Cheaper Is Better. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Connor, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Connor, 2010; Schwalb & Temps, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwalb & Temps, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Lavrentovich, Lazo, & Pishnyak, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cliffe et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Philosophy and Theory
AbbreviationEduc. Philos. Theory
ISSN (print)0013-1857
ISSN (online)1469-5812
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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