How to format your references using the Educational Philosophy and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Philosophy and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghosh, A. (2002). Neurobiology. Learning more about NMDA receptor regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 449–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boyd, R., & Mathew, S. (2007). Behavior. A narrow road to cooperation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5833), 1858–1859.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, W., Shimada, S., & Tanaka, M. (2002). Synthesis and structure of formally hexavalent palladium complexes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 308–310.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Essner, J. J., Vogan, K. J., Wagner, M. K., Tabin, C. J., Yost, H. J., & Brueckner, M. (2002). Conserved function for embryonic nodal cilia. Nature, 418(6893), 37–38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kodama, K. P., & Hinnov, L. A. (2014). Rock Magnetic Cyclostratigraphy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Iqbal, S. M., & Bashir, R. (Eds.). (2011). Nanopores: Sensing and Fundamental Biological Interactions. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Campioni, I., Notarangelo, G., Andreaus, U., Ventura, A., & Giacomozzi, C. (2013). Hip Prostheses Computational Modeling: FEM Simulations Integrated with Fatigue Mechanical Tests. In U. Andreaus & D. Iacoviello (Eds.), Biomedical Imaging and Computational Modeling in Biomechanics (pp. 81–108). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Philosophy and Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). Take An Interactive Tour Of The International Space Station. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Comments on H.R. 3229 and H.R. 3240 (B-203297). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt, E. S. (2013). Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, May 19). Second Hearing on Detroit Drug-Search Case Shows Deep Divisions on Supreme Court. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ghosh, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd & Mathew, 2007; Ghosh, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boyd & Mathew, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Essner et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Philosophy and Theory
AbbreviationEduc. Philos. Theory
ISSN (print)0013-1857
ISSN (online)1469-5812
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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