How to format your references using the Educational Philosophy and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Philosophy and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, D. (2015). Ovarian cancer: beyond resistance. Nature, 527(7579), S217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton, W. S., & Friend, S. H. (2006). Cancer biomarkers--an invitation to the table. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777), 1165–1168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, K. G., Jackson, J. B. C., & Budd, A. F. (2008). Caribbean reef development was independent of coral diversity over 28 million years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5869), 1521–1523.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Z., Lan, Y., Chai, Y., & Jiang, R. (2009). Antagonistic actions of Msx1 and Osr2 pattern mammalian teeth into a single row. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5918), 1232–1234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Escarpa, A., González, M. C., & López, M. Á. (2015). Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schmid, K. (Ed.). (2011). Top Productivity through Software Reuse: 12th International Conference on Software Reuse, ICSR 2011, Pohang, South Korea, June 13-17, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6727). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao, L., Wang, F., & Wang, Z. (2012). Research on the Relationship between Customer Value of Social Network Service and Customer Loyalty. In Y. Wu (Ed.), Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 2: Education, Psychology and Computer Science (pp. 27–32). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Philosophy and Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 29). How Magic Mushrooms Change Your Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Title I Program: Stronger Accountability Needed for Performance of Disadvantaged Students (HEHS-00-89). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thornsberry, J. L. (2010). Freshman transition and its effectiveness on student success as measured by improved attendance, improved grades, decreased discipline referrals, and decreased dropout rate [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, K. (2017, September 26). Commuter Wear. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton & Friend, 2006; Holmes, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dalton & Friend, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Johnson et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Philosophy and Theory
AbbreviationEduc. Philos. Theory
ISSN (print)0013-1857
ISSN (online)1469-5812
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

Other styles