How to format your references using the Educational Philosophy and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Philosophy and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGill, B. J. (2003). A test of the unified neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature, 422(6934), 881–885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao, Z.-Y., & Fan, Y.-X. (2014). Orthogonality breaking induces extraordinary single-mode transparency in an elaborate waveguide with wall corrugations. Scientific Reports, 4, 7092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ballentine, C. J., Porcelli, D., & Wieler, R. (2001). Noble gases in mantle plumes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5512), 2269.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Law, B. Y. K., Chan, W. K., Xu, S. W., Wang, J. R., Bai, L. P., Liu, L., & Wong, V. K. W. (2014). Natural small-molecule enhancers of autophagy induce autophagic cell death in apoptosis-defective cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 5510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godwin, W. (2013). International Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Guo, S., Liao, X., Liu, F., & Zhu, Y. (Eds.). (2016). Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications, and Worksharing: 11th International Conference, CollaborateCom 2015, Wuhan, November 10-11, 2015, China. Proceedings (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 163). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor, P. M. (2012). How to Do an IVU. In S. Payne, I. Eardley, & K. O’Flynn (Eds.), Imaging and Technology in Urology: Principles and Clinical Applications (pp. 15–17). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Philosophy and Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 11). New class of antibiotics discovered – and why there may be more to come. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Special Education: Federal Actions Can Assist States in Improving Postsecondary Outcomes for Youth (GAO-03-773). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razzaghi, M. (2013). Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, January 13). A Different Battleground, A Lobby’s Bulletin Board. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGill, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (McGill, 2003; Tao & Fan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tao & Fan, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ballentine et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Law et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Philosophy and Theory
AbbreviationEduc. Philos. Theory
ISSN (print)0013-1857
ISSN (online)1469-5812
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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