How to format your references using the Educational Philosophy and Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Philosophy and Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blumenthal, M. S. (2013). National Academy of Sciences: Move with the times. Nature, 494(7438), 423–424.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milhous, W. K., & Weina, P. J. (2010). Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vivier, E., Nunès, J. A., & Vély, F. (2004). Natural killer cell signaling pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1517–1519.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yasutomo, K., Doyle, C., Miele, L., Fuchs, C., & Germain, R. N. (2000). The duration of antigen receptor signalling determines CD4+ versus CD8+ T-cell lineage fate. Nature, 404(6777), 506–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pashley, R. M., & Karaman, M. E. (2005). Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wanninger, A. (Ed.). (2015). Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 6: Deuterostomia (1st ed. 2015). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Golkar, S. (2015). Student Activism, Social Media, and Authoritarian Rule in Iran. In I. Epstein (Ed.), The Whole World is Texting: Youth Protest in the Information Age (pp. 61–79). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Philosophy and Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 25). New Material Could Be Both A Solar Cell And Display Screen. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA Procurement: Agencywide Action Needed to Improve Management of Contract Modifications (NSIAD-92-87). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit, J. (2008). A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay, I. P. (1936, July 2). An Arraignment. New York Times, BOOKS20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blumenthal, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Blumenthal, 2013; Milhous & Weina, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milhous & Weina, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Vivier et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yasutomo et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Philosophy and Theory
AbbreviationEduc. Philos. Theory
ISSN (print)0013-1857
ISSN (online)1469-5812
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science

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