How to format your references using the Radiological Physics and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiological Physics and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rylance R. Grant giving: Global funders to focus on interdisciplinarity. Nature. 2015;525:313–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kaplinsky NJ, Barton MK. Plant biology. Plant acupuncture: sticking PINs in the right places. Science. 2004;306:822–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Spencer TJ, Osborn T, Kohl PA. Materials science. High-frequency chip connections. Science. 2008;320:756–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chambliss AB, Khatau SB, Erdenberger N, Robinson DK, Hodzic D, Longmore GD, et al. The LINC-anchored actin cap connects the extracellular milieu to the nucleus for ultrafast mechanotransduction. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fogel DB, Liu D, Keller JM. Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Grüne L. Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Theory and Algorithms. Pannek J, editor. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yoshida R, Takashima K. Simple Algorithms for Computing a Sequence of 2-Isogenies. In: Lee PJ, Cheon JH, editors. Information Security and Cryptology – ICISC 2008: 11th International Conference, Seoul, Korea, December 3-5, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 52–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiological Physics and Technology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. HMS Terror Rediscovered 170 Years After Ill-Fated Northwest Passage Attempt. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Scientific Research: Continued Vigilance Critical to Protecting Human Subjects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: T-HEHS-96-102.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rutherford KB. 500 Year Chenier, Architecture, Cultural Identity, and Land Change “Identification in a Dynamic Place” [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Qiu L. Fact Check: What Trump Got Wrong at His Rally. New York Times. 2017 Feb 19;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiological Physics and Technology
AbbreviationRadiol. Phys. Technol.
ISSN (print)1865-0333
ISSN (online)1865-0341
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiation
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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