How to format your references using the Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Balter, Cancer research. Transatlantic war over BRCA1 patent, Science. 292 (2001) 1818.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Weiss, J. Bourgeois, Geology. Understanding sediments--reducing tsunami risk, Science. 336 (2012) 1117–1118.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Keimer, E. Sackmann, P.J. Withers, Neutron scattering. The case for neutron sources, Science. 298 (2002) 543.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Hime, P.A. Reichardt, B.L.T. Plourde, T.L. Robertson, C.-E. Wu, A.V. Ustinov, J. Clarke, Solid-state qubits with current-controlled coupling, Science. 314 (2006) 1427–1429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
D. Pathomvanich, K. Imagawa, eds., Hair Restoration Surgery in Asians, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
I.M. Verma, Short Abstracts – Session I, in: F.D. di Fagagna, S. Chiocca, F. McBlane, U. Cavallaro (Eds.), Advances in Molecular Oncology: Edited under the Auspices of the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) and The FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM), Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007: pp. 58–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Plants Use Neurotransmitter To Signal Stress, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Financial Literacy: A Federal Certification Process for Providers Would Pose Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.W. Waldner, Determining Relationships Between Technology Acceptance and Employee Attitudes Toward Automated Workflows in the Oil Industry, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.L. Dorman, A Prolific Architect’s Groundbreaking Roots, New York Times. (2017) TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
AbbreviationComplement. Ther. Clin. Pract.
ISSN (print)1744-3881
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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