How to format your references using the Archives and Manuscripts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives and Manuscripts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramsay, H 2014, ‘Climate science: Shifting storms’, Nature, vol. 509, no. 7500, pp. 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barber, MF & Elde, NC 2014, ‘Nutritional immunity. Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 346, no. 6215, pp. 1362–1366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jayne, BC, Voris, HK & Ng, PKL 2002, ‘Snake circumvents constraints on prey size’, Nature, vol. 418, no. 6894, p. 143.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Campbell, DB, Black, GJ, Carter, LM & Ostro, SJ 2003, ‘Radar evidence for liquid surfaces on Titan’, Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 302, no. 5644, pp. 431–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogg, RM & Fulk, RD 2011, A Grammar of Old English, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Blanchini, F 2008, Set-Theoretic Methods in Control, Stefano Miani (ed.), Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Miranda, LS, Morandini, AC & Marques, AC 2012, ‘Do Staurozoa bloom? A review of stauromedusan population biology’, in Jennifer Purcell, Hermes Mianzan & Jesscia R. Frost (eds), Jellyfish Blooms IV: Interactions with humans and fisheries, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives and Manuscripts.

Blog post
Fang, J 2015, This Is The World’s Last Male Northern White Rhino, IFLScience, IFLScience, viewed 30 October 2018, <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010, Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency, GAO-10-518, 21 May, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caballero Suarez, OL 2008, ‘Effects of ion correlations in high density plasmas: Neutrino scattering and transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts’, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink, S, Risen, J & Savage, C 2017, ‘New Details of C.I.A. Torture, and a New Clash’, New York Times, 19 January, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives and Manuscripts
ISSN (print)0157-6895
ISSN (online)2164-6058

Other styles