How to format your references using the RadioGraphics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for RadioGraphics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Korotev RL. Planetary science. A unique chunk of the Moon. Science 2004;305(5684):622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Blackburn EH, Epel ES. Telomeres and adversity: Too toxic to ignore. Nature 2012;490(7419):169–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lohse D, Schmitz B, Versluis M. Snapping shrimp make flashing bubbles. Nature 2001;413(6855):477–478.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ji Q, Ji S-A, Cheng Y-N, et al. Palaeontology: pterosaur egg with a leathery shell. Nature 2004;432(7017):572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ratzliff A, Unutzer J, Katon W, Stephens KA. Integrated Care. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Blazy S, Chechik M, editors. Verified Software. Theories, Tools, and Experiments: 8th International Conference, VSTTE 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–18, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hitchmough RA, Patterson GB, Chapple DG. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna. In: Chapple DG, editor. New Zealand Lizards Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 87–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for RadioGraphics.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. First Feathers In Amber Matched To A Specific Dinosaur [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/first-feathers-in-amber-matched-to-a-specific-dinosaur/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Lack of Effective Coordinated or Centralized Management Control of Closed-Circuit Television Used in DOD for Training and Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Nov. Report No.: B-177350.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luvani KD. AIRtouch: An Intelligent Virtual Keyboard [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. Inauguration Watch: Mr. Reality TV Goes to Washington. New York Times 2017;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadioGraphics
AbbreviationRadiographics
ISSN (print)0271-5333
ISSN (online)1527-1323
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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