How to format your references using the RadioGraphics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for RadioGraphics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris E. Mothers of invention? Nature 2006;442(7106):973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmerr N, Garnero EJ. Upper mantle discontinuity topography from thermal and chemical heterogeneity. Science 2007;318(5850):623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burslem DF, Garwood NC, Thomas SC. Ecology. Tropical forest diversity--the plot thickens. Science 2001;291(5504):606–607.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yun H, Lee I-M, Lee S-Y, Kim K-Y, Lee B. Intermediate plasmonic characteristics in a quasi-continuous metallic monolayer. Sci Rep 2014;4:3696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allerton D. Principles of Flight Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2009.
An edited book
Kim HK, Ao S-I, Amouzegar MA, Rieger BB, editors. IAENG Transactions on Engineering Technologies: Special Issue of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2012. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Horita M, Koizumi H, Manabe R, Sugisaki K, Nagayama D. Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Urban Regeneration. In: Horita M, Koizumi H, editors. Innovations in Collaborative Urban Regeneration Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2009. p. 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for RadioGraphics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Homo Naledi: Determining The Age Of Fossils Is Not An Exact Science [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Effects of Airline Entry Barriers on Fares. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-90-62.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks-Harris MT. Quality Induction: The Effects of Comprehensive Induction on New Teacher Retention and Job Satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krauss C. Breakdown at BP Refinery Strains Midwest Gas Prices. New York Times 2015;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadioGraphics
ISSN (print)0271-5333
ISSN (online)1527-1323
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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