How to format your references using the RadioGraphics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for RadioGraphics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beasley M. Michael Tinkham (1928-2010). Nature 2010;468(7325):766.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hittinger CT, Carroll SB. Gene duplication and the adaptive evolution of a classic genetic switch. Nature 2007;449(7163):677–681.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook RL, Martin PJ, Geremia JM. Optical coherent state discrimination using a closed-loop quantum measurement. Nature 2007;446(7137):774–777.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takahashi K, Wang Y, Chiba S, Nakagawa Y, Isobe S, Ohnuki S. Low temperature hydrogenation of iron nanoparticles on graphene. Sci Rep 2014;4:4598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Serval J-F, Tranié J-P. The Monetary System. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Conner WC, Fraissard J, editors. Fluid Transport in Nanoporous Materials. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Sabia E, Napolitano F, Claps S, Braghieri A, Piazzolla N, Pacelli C. Feeding, Nutrition and Sustainability in Dairy Enterprises: The Case of Mediterranean Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). In: Vastola A, editor. The Sustainability of Agro-Food and Natural Resource Systems in the Mediterranean Basin Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for RadioGraphics.

Blog post
Andrew E. What’s The Mass Of A Supermassive Black Hole? [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Management of Federally Financed Research by the University of Michigan--A Case Study. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Sep. Report No.: B-117219.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim S. Characterization of Ribosomal S6 Protein Phosphorylation and Posssible Control of Ribosome Biogenesis in Arabidopsis Cell Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chumsky S. Two Legacies, Now Home to Roost. New York Times 2013;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadioGraphics
ISSN (print)0271-5333
ISSN (online)1527-1323
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles