How to format your references using the RadioGraphics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for RadioGraphics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Szymańska MH. Physics. Intertwining electron tunneling with light. Science 2012;336(6082):679–680.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lubin D, Vogelmann AM. A climatologically significant aerosol longwave indirect effect in the Arctic. Nature 2006;439(7075):453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Caro E, Castellano MM, Gutierrez C. A chromatin link that couples cell division to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature 2007;447(7141):213–217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
West RA, Brown ME, Salinas SV, Bouchez AH, Roe HG. No oceans on Titan from the absence of a near-infrared specular reflection. Nature 2005;436(7051):670–672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stacey WM. Fusion. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Jøsang A, Samarati P, Petrocchi M, editors. Security and Trust Management: 8th International Workshop, STM 2012, Pisa, Italy, September 13-14, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang XC, Zhang C, Ma X, Luo L. Future Perspectives. In: Zhang C, Ma X, Luo L, editors. Water Cycle Management: A New Paradigm of Wastewater Reuse and Safety Control Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 95–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for RadioGraphics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists Finally Explain The Link Between Stress And Heart Attacks [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-finally-explain-link-between-stress-and-heart-attacks/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Broadcast Exclusivity Rules: Effects of Elimination Would Depend on Other Federal Actions and Industry Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Apr. Report No.: GAO-15-441.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cleveland JD. A comparative study of genetic diversities among exploited flatfishes of the California Slope with emphasis on Dover sole (Microstomus pacificus) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Friel B. Where Will the G.O.P. Go Digging? New York Times 2010;WK9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleRadioGraphics
AbbreviationRadiographics
ISSN (print)0271-5333
ISSN (online)1527-1323
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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