How to format your references using the Radiation Physics and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Physics and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crommie, M.F., 2005. Physics. Manipulating magnetism in a single molecule. Science 309, 1501–1502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suarez, R.K., Jones, D.R., 2002. Obituary: Peter W. Hochachka (1937-2002). Nature 420, 140.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schuck, C., Pernice, W.H.P., Tang, H.X., 2013. Waveguide integrated low noise NbTiN nanowire single-photon detectors with milli-Hz dark count rate. Sci. Rep. 3, 1893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fischer, T.P., Hilton, D.R., Zimmer, M.M., Shaw, A.M., Sharp, Z.D., Walker, J.A., 2002. Subduction and recycling of nitrogen along the Central American margin. Science 297, 1154–1157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin, D.F., Worden, B.L., Wootton, B.M., Gilliam, C.M., 2017. CBT for Hoarding Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ritacco, L.E., Milano, F.E., Chao, E. (Eds.), 2016. Computer-Assisted Musculoskeletal Surgery: Thinking and Executing in 3D, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozera, R., Noakes, L., Szmielew, P., 2014. Length Estimation for Exponential Parameterization and ε-Uniform Samplings, in: Huang, F., Sugimoto, A. (Eds.), Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2013 Workshops: GCCV 2013, GPID 2013, PAESNPR 2013, and QACIVA 2013, Guanajuato, Mexico, October 28-29, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Physics and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. National Geographic Changed Its Maps To Reflect The Effects Of Climate Change In The Arctic [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Inspectors General: Actions Needed to Improve Audit Coverage of NASA (No. GAO-09-88). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyle, L.L., 2014. Relationship between managerial responsiveness, managerial approachability, and prosocial voice among acute-care registered nurses (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eisinger, J., 2014. The Fall Guy. New York Times MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crommie, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Crommie, 2005; Suarez and Jones, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suarez and Jones, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fischer et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Physics and Chemistry
AbbreviationRadiat. Phys. Chem. Oxf. Engl. 1993
ISSN (print)0969-806X

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