How to format your references using the Radiation Physics and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Physics and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice, S.A., 2001. Interfering for the good of a chemical reaction. Nature 409, 422–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stott, P.A., Kettleborough, J.A., 2002. Origins and estimates of uncertainty in predictions of twenty-first century temperature rise. Nature 416, 723–726.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bix, M., Kim, S., Rao, A., 2005. Immunology. Opposites attract in differentiating T cells. Science 308, 1563–1565.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coop, G., Wen, X., Ober, C., Pritchard, J.K., Przeworski, M., 2008. High-resolution mapping of crossovers reveals extensive variation in fine-scale recombination patterns among humans. Science 319, 1395–1398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin, M., 2016. Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vinh, P.C., Hung, N.M., Tung, N.T., Suzuki, J. (Eds.), 2013. Context-Aware Systems and Applications: First International Conference, ICCASA 2012, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 26-27, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Caravenna, F., Dai Pra, P., 2013. Variabili aleatorie discrete: teoria, in: Dai Pra, P. (Ed.), Probabilità: Un’introduzione Attraverso Modelli e Applicazioni, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano, pp. 103–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Physics and Chemistry.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Mosquitos Captured In High-Speed Reveal Flight Unlike Any Other Insect [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. NASA’s Space Vision: Business Case for Prometheus 1 Needed to Ensure Requirements Match Available Resources (No. GAO-05-242). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kalavacherla, R.S., 2017. DFT study of the improved performance of oxygen reduction reaction on gold-copper alloy in a PEM fuel cell (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., 2017. Deep Debt and Rivals Push Toy Chain Into Bankruptcy. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rice, 2001; Stott and Kettleborough, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stott and Kettleborough, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Coop et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Physics and Chemistry
AbbreviationRadiat. Phys. Chem. Oxf. Engl. 1993
ISSN (print)0969-806X

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