How to format your references using the Radiation Physics and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Physics and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dixon, R.A., 2001. Natural products and plant disease resistance. Nature 411, 843–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marchiori, D., Warglien, M., 2008. Predicting human interactive learning by regret-driven neural networks. Science 319, 1111–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Son, M.Y., Lee, J.-K., Kang, Y.C., 2014. Fabrication and electrochemical performance of 0.6Li2MnO3-0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 microspheres by two-step spray-drying process. Sci. Rep. 4, 5752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y., Lu, C., Twigg, S., Ghaffari, M., Lin, J., Winograd, N., Zhang, Q.M., 2013. Direct observation of ion distributions near electrodes in ionic polymer actuators containing ionic liquids. Sci. Rep. 3, 973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shahidi, A., 2014. Balanced Asset Allocation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Berkhout, B., Ertl, H.C.J., Weinberg, M.S. (Eds.), 2015. Gene Therapy for HIV and Chronic Infections, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández, N., Arias, J., Sánchez, L., Fuentes-Lorenzo, D., Corcho, Ó., 2014. RDSZ: An Approach for Lossless RDF Stream Compression, in: Presutti, V., d’Amato, C., Gandon, F., d’Aquin, M., Staab, S., Tordai, A. (Eds.), The Semantic Web: Trends and Challenges: 11th International Conference, ESWC 2014, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 52–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Physics and Chemistry.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. A Rope Test Could Save Us From Monkey Diseases [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. The Department of the Interior’s Computerized Resources Information Bank (No. EMD-78-17). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes-Kelly, M.D., 2010. Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dixon, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dixon, 2001; Marchiori and Warglien, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marchiori and Warglien, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Physics and Chemistry
AbbreviationRadiat. Phys. Chem. Oxf. Engl. 1993
ISSN (print)0969-806X

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