How to format your references using the Radiation Physics and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Physics and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2003. Commission lays foundations for rise in research spending. Nature 423, 6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maheshwari, V., Saraf, R.F., 2006. High-resolution thin-film device to sense texture by touch. Science 312, 1501–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Discher, D.E., Janmey, P., Wang, Y.-L., 2005. Tissue cells feel and respond to the stiffness of their substrate. Science 310, 1139–1143.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quiroga, R.Q., Reddy, L., Kreiman, G., Koch, C., Fried, I., 2005. Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain. Nature 435, 1102–1107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick, J.B., 2012. Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
roJoint Chairman, Cordier, J.-L., Gram, L., Tompkin, R.B., roJoint Chairman, Gorris, L.G.M., Swanson, K.M.J. (Eds.), 2005. Micro-Organisms in Foods 6: Microbial Ecology of Food Commodities. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Sosnovskiy, L., Sherbakov, S., 2016. Generalized Model of Mechanothermodynamic States of Continuum, in: Sherbakov, S. (Ed.), Mechanothermodynamics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 125–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Physics and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Peak Athletic Performance Is Dependent On Sleep Cycle [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Hazardous Weather Detection and Warning Systems (No. T-RCED-87-38). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shearer, J., 2012. Application of the recovery model in clinical practice (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isaac, M., 2017. SoftBank of Japan Is Said to Be Weighing an Investment in Uber. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2003; Maheshwari and Saraf, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maheshwari and Saraf, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Quiroga et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Physics and Chemistry
AbbreviationRadiat. Phys. Chem. Oxf. Engl. 1993
ISSN (print)0969-806X

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