How to format your references using the Radiation Physics and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation Physics and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J., 2000. PLANT GENETICS:From Genome to Functional Genomics. Science 288, 1715a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders, M.A., Lea, A.S., 2008. Large contribution of sea surface warming to recent increase in Atlantic hurricane activity. Nature 451, 557–560.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, J.L., Bohannan, B.J.M., Whitaker, R.J., 2008. Microbial biogeography: from taxonomy to traits. Science 320, 1039–1043.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Attaccalite, C., Wirtz, L., Marini, A., Rubio, A., 2013. Efficient gate-tunable light-emitting device made of defective boron nitride nanotubes: from ultraviolet to the visible. Sci. Rep. 3, 2698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, N., 2013. Eclipse of Grace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Favorskaya, M.N., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), 2015. Computer Vision in Control Systems-2: Innovations in Practice, Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Czeizler, E., Gratie, C., Chiu, W.K., Kanhaiya, K., Petre, I., 2016. Target Controllability of Linear Networks, in: Bartocci, E., Lio, P., Paoletti, N. (Eds.), Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation Physics and Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Cost Of Hurricane Damage In The US Could Triple By 2100 Due To Global Warming [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Next Generation Air Transportation: Collaborative Efforts with European Union Generally Mirror Effective Practices, but Near-Term Challenges Could Delay Implementation (No. GAO-12-48). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Y., 2005. Studies on Error Control of 3-D Zerotree Wavelet Video Streaming (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dargis, M., 2015. Flying Gore Can Ruin One’s Bespoke Suits. New York Times C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2000; Saunders and Lea, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saunders and Lea, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Attaccalite et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation Physics and Chemistry
AbbreviationRadiat. Phys. Chem. Oxf. Engl. 1993
ISSN (print)0969-806X

Other styles