How to format your references using the Annals of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bürgmann R. GEOPHYSICS. Weak subduction makes great quakes. Science 2015; 349(6253):1162–1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
McGlade C, Ekins P. The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting global warming to 2 °C. Nature 2015; 517(7533):187–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jin Z, Li P, Xiao D. Enhanced electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction via active interfaces of layer-by-layered titanium nitride/titanium carbonitride structures. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4:6712.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Aeschbach-Hertig W, Peeters F, Beyerle U, Kipfer R. Palaeotemperature reconstruction from noble gases in ground water taking into account equilibration with entrapped air. Nature 2000; 405(6790):1040–1044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Massad JJ, Cagna DR, Goodacre CJ et al. Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
1.
Microfinance Investment Funds: Leveraging Private Capital for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
De León MSP, Zollikofer CPE. Neanderthals and modern humans — chimps and bonobos: similarities and differences in development and evolution. In Hublin J-J, Harvati K, Harrison T (eds): Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006:71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Oncology.

Blog post
1.
Surfing Seal Will Make Your Day. [https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/surfing-seal-will-make-your-day/].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shearer J. Application of the recovery model in clinical practice. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Manifesta Curator Named. New York Times 2013:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Oncology
AbbreviationAnn. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0923-7534
ISSN (online)1569-8041
ScopeHematology
Oncology

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