How to format your references using the Annals of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Danzon PM. At what price? Nature 2007; 449(7159):176–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Clapham PR, Lu S. Vaccinology: precisely tuned antibodies nab HIV. Nature 2011; 477(7365):416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sweeney A, Jiggins C, Johnsen S. Insect communication: Polarized light as a butterfly mating signal. Nature 2003; 423(6935):31–32.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kitajima TS, Sakuno T, Ishiguro K-I et al. Shugoshin collaborates with protein phosphatase 2A to protect cohesin. Nature 2006; 441(7089):46–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Soprano A. Liquidity Management, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
1.
Philosophy and Political Engagement: Reflection in the Public Sphere, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kari J. Structure of Reversible Cellular Automata. In Calude CS, Costa JF, Dershowitz N et al. (eds): Unconventional Computation: 8th International Conference, UC 2009, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, September 7-11, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009:6–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Oncology.

Blog post
1.
NASA Discovered Pumpkin Stars... Just in time for Halloween. [https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-discovered-pumpkin-stars-just-in-time-for-halloween/].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD’s Automated Telecommunications Centers Reduce the Impact of Message Volume on Staffing, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
DeClerk CC. The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. State Bonds In Jeopardy As Tobacco Cash Fades. New York Times 2012:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Oncology
AbbreviationAnn. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0923-7534
ISSN (online)1569-8041
ScopeHematology
Oncology

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