How to format your references using the Annals of Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lang T. Advancing global health research through digital technology and sharing data. Science 2011; 331(6018):714–717.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canfield DE, Kump LR. Geochemistry. Carbon cycle makeover. Science 2013; 339(6119):533–534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansen VAA, Mashanova A, Petrovskii S. Comment on “Lévy walks evolve through interaction between movement and environmental complexity.” Science 2012; 335(6071):918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moss RH, Edmonds JA, Hibbard KA et al. The next generation of scenarios for climate change research and assessment. Nature 2010; 463(7282):747–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halbich IW. Cape Fold Belt‐Agulhas Bank Transect Across Gondwana Suture, Southern Africa, Washington, D. C.: American Geophysical Union, 1993:46.
An edited book
Proceedings of the 18th Asia Pacific Symposium on Intelligent and Evolutionary Systems - Volume 2, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhandare N, Eisbruch A, Antonelli PJ, Mendenhall WM. Radiation-Induced Ototoxicity. In Rubin P, Constine LS, Marks LB (eds): ALERT • Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 2: Normal Tissue Specific Sites and Systems, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014:109–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Oncology.

Blog post
“Wow! Signal” Was Likely The Radio Emission Of A Comet. [].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The A-76 Study at the NOAA National Climatic Data Center Could Have Been Compromised by the Disclosure of Certain Information, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vaughn EL. Find me on Facebook: A new typology for categorizing online personalities. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. For a Weekend, ‘Lil D’ on a Jersey and Sinatra on Cleats. New York Times 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Oncology
AbbreviationAnn. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0923-7534
ISSN (online)1569-8041

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