How to format your references using the Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gratton, E. (2011). Applied physics. Deeper tissue imaging with total detection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1016–1017.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattick, J. S., & Gagen, M. J. (2005). Mathematics/computation. Accelerating networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 856–858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, S. J., Wigley, T. M., & Edmonds, J. (2000). CLIMATE: A New Route Toward Limiting Climate Change? Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1109–1110.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luquet, S., Perez, F. A., Hnasko, T. S., & Palmiter, R. D. (2005). NPY/AgRP neurons are essential for feeding in adult mice but can be ablated in neonates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5748), 683–685.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T. P. (2007). Modern Engineering Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Clark, S. G., Hohl, A. M., Picard, C. H., & Thomas, E. (Eds.). (2015). Large-Scale Conservation in the Common Interest. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Blair, J. A. (2012). What Is the Right Amount of Support for a Conclusion? In C. W. Tindale (Ed.), Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair (pp. 51–59). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 23). First Official Astronaut from Britain will eat Michelin-Star Food in Space. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on Proposed Amendment to FAR Shipping Weight and Dimension Requirements] (No. B-229011). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nash, M. C. (2017). Reading Achievement: A Study of Perceptions of First-Grade Teachers and the Relationship Between Attendance and Reading Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isaac, M. (2017, July 30). Uber Board, Deeply Split, Can’t Agree On a C.E.O. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gratton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gratton 2011; Mattick and Gagen 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattick and Gagen 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Luquet et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics
AbbreviationAnn. Inst. Stat. Math.
ISSN (print)0020-3157
ISSN (online)1572-9052
ScopeStatistics and Probability

Other styles