How to format your references using the Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patel, D. J. (2014). RNA. Complete pairing not needed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6209), 542–543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cyranoski, D., & Chou, I.-H. (2004). Winds of change blow away the cobwebs on campus. Nature, 429(6988), 210–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P. J., Jasny, B. R., & Mervis, J. (2009). Adding a T to the three R’s. Education & technology. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 53.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hong, B. H., Bae, S. C., Lee, C. W., Jeong, S., & Kim, K. S. (2001). Ultrathin single-crystalline silver nanowire arrays formed in an ambient solution phase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5541), 348–351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McPhee, P. (2012). A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Kumar, A., & Zhang, D. (Eds.). (2010). Ethics and Policy of Biometrics: Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, ICEB 2010, Hong Kong, January 4-5, 2010. Revised Papers (Vol. 6005). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, L. P., & Toh, T. L. (2015). Mathematical Problem-Solving Using Real-World Problems. In Y. H. Cho, I. S. Caleon, & M. Kapur (Eds.), Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Singapore and Beyond (pp. 57–71). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 4). Men Commit More Violent Crimes When They Are Surrounded By Women, Claims Study. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Race To The Top: States Implementing Teacher and Principal Evaluation Systems despite Challenges (No. GAO-13-777). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layne, L. L. (2008). Military leadership: Encouraging enlisted personnel to participate in continuing education (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urbina, I. (2016, July 5). A Model for ‘Clean Coal’ Goes Awry. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski and Chou 2004; Patel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cyranoski and Chou 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hong et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics
AbbreviationAnn. Inst. Stat. Math.
ISSN (print)0020-3157
ISSN (online)1572-9052
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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