How to format your references using the Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lunt, D. (2014). Palaeoclimate science: Causes and effects of Antarctic ice. Nature, 511(7511), 536–537.
A journal article with 2 authors
Excoffier, L., & Hamilton, G. (2003). Comment on “Genetic structure of human populations.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1877; author reply 1877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kender, S., Yu, J., & Peck, V. L. (2014). Deep ocean carbonate ion increase during mid Miocene CO2 decline. Scientific reports, 4, 4187.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shindell, D. T., Faluvegi, G., Koch, D. M., Schmidt, G. A., Unger, N., & Bauer, S. E. (2009). Improved attribution of climate forcing to emissions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5953), 716–718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basener, W. F. (2006). Topology and Its Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zgurovsky, M. Z. (2011). Evolution Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing I: Operator Inclusions and Variation Inequalities for Earth Data Processing. (V. S. Mel’nik & P. O. Kasyanov, Eds.) (Vol. 24). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Karlsson, H., Kontush, A., & James, R. W. (2015). Functionality of HDL: Antioxidation and Detoxifying Effects. In A. von Eckardstein & D. Kardassis (Eds.), High Density Lipoproteins: From Biological Understanding to Clinical Exploitation (pp. 207–228). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 20). Five Years After The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Impacts On Gulf Communities And Seafood. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Federal Student Aid: Additional Management Improvements Would Clarify Strategic Direction and Enhance Accountability (No. GAO-02-255). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wicks, C. F. (2017). The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, December 7). Reyes May Dabble in Outfield as Mets Seek More Versatility. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lunt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Excoffier and Hamilton 2003; Lunt 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Excoffier and Hamilton 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Shindell et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics
AbbreviationAnn. Inst. Stat. Math.
ISSN (print)0020-3157
ISSN (online)1572-9052
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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