How to format your references using the Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Lange, C. (2013). Diagnosis: Waiting for results. Nature, 502(7470), S10-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeng, L., & Song, R. (2013). Controlling chloride ions diffusion in concrete. Scientific reports, 3, 3359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Q., Liu, X., & Tang, D. (2013). Extreme extensibility of copper foil under compound forming conditions. Scientific reports, 3, 3556.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ai, B., Wang, L., Möhwald, H., Yu, Y., Zhao, Z., Zhou, Z., et al. (2014). Real-time control of uni-directional liquid spreading on a half-cone nanoshell array. Scientific reports, 4, 6751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana, J. (2013). Sustainable Supply Chain Management. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Biere, A., Nahir, A., & Vos, T. (Eds.). (2013). Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 8th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2012, Haifa, Israel, November 6-8, 2012. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7857). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, H.-T., & Beaven, M. A. (2011). Regulators of Ca2+ Signaling in Mast Cells: Potential Targets for Treatment of Mast Cell-Related Diseases? In A. M. Gilfillan & D. D. Metcalfe (Eds.), Mast Cell Biology: Contemporary and Emerging Topics (pp. 62–90). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, September 4). Polar Bear DNA Extracted from Footprints in the Snow. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Status, Plans, and Future Data Management Challenges (No. GAO-02-684T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selis, A. H. (2010). Holding the center: How one Jewish day school negotiates differences in a pluralistic community (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2017, April 25). First Americans: This Dog Is Quite Proud, Despite All Appearances. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Lange 2013).
This sentence cites two references (de Lange 2013; Zeng and Song 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeng and Song 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics
AbbreviationAnn. Inst. Stat. Math.
ISSN (print)0020-3157
ISSN (online)1572-9052
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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