How to format your references using the Radiation and Environmental Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami GF (2000) A 1,000-year chain of thinkers. Nature 404:227
A journal article with 2 authors
Jordan MI, Mitchell TM (2015) Machine learning: Trends, perspectives, and prospects. Science 349:255–260
A journal article with 3 authors
Sund J, Andér M, Aqvist J (2010) Principles of stop-codon reading on the ribosome. Nature 465:947–950
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Johnson WE, Onorato DP, Roelke ME, et al (2010) Genetic restoration of the Florida panther. Science 329:1641–1645

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vento JJ (2013) Financial Independence (Getting to Point X ). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hu R, Liu J, Zhai M (eds) (2010) Mineral Resources Science in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rouche N (2011) Théorie de la stabilité dans les équations difféerentielles ordinaires. In: Salvadori L (ed) Stability Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 112–194

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) NASA Tests 3D Printed Rocket Parts. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Information on the National School Safety Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton EW (2012) Clinical management and outcomes of patients in the Duke Cryptococcosis Clinical Cohort, 1996 - 2009. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) An Odder Couple Takes the Stage. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami 2000; Jordan and Mitchell 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jordan and Mitchell 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
AbbreviationRadiat. Environ. Biophys.
ISSN (print)0301-634X
ISSN (online)1432-2099
General Environmental Science

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