How to format your references using the Radiation and Environmental Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh RW (2005) Astronomy. How is the solar corona heated? Science 307:51–53
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiersma DS, Cavalieri S (2001) Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser. Nature 414:708–709
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao S, Zhou C, Yuan X (2007) Palaeontology: undressing and redressing Ediacaran embryos. Nature 446:E9-10; discussion E10-1
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fyhn M, Molden S, Witter MP, et al (2004) Spatial representation in the entorhinal cortex. Science 305:1258–1264

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klee L (2015) International Construction Contract Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Trombetta C, Liguori G, Bertolotto M (eds) (2015) Management of Gender Dysphoria: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Brown SE, Chaikin PM, Naughton MJ (2008) La Tour des Sels de Bechgaard. In: Lebed A (ed) The Physics of Organic Superconductors and Conductors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Are Creative People More Prone To Psychological Distress Or Is The ‘Mad Genius’ A Myth? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Student Financial Aid: Most Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants Are Awarded to Needy Students. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sandoval V (2013) Preventing chronic truancy among Latino high school students: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2016) Wells Fargo Case Tests a Get-Tough Approach. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Wiersma and Cavalieri 2001; Walsh 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiersma and Cavalieri 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fyhn et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
AbbreviationRadiat. Environ. Biophys.
ISSN (print)0301-634X
ISSN (online)1432-2099
General Environmental Science

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