How to format your references using the Radiation and Environmental Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scully T (2014) Public health: Society at large. Nature 508:S50-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Turelli P, Trono D (2005) Editing at the crossroad of innate and adaptive immunity. Science 307:1061–1065
A journal article with 3 authors
Travis DJ, Carleton AM, Lauritsen RG (2002) Contrails reduce daily temperature range. Nature 418:601
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pedersen IM, Cheng G, Wieland S, et al (2007) Interferon modulation of cellular microRNAs as an antiviral mechanism. Nature 449:919–922

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik BS (2005) Axiomatic Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Loiseau JJ, Michiels W, Niculescu S-I, Sipahi R (eds) (2009) Topics in Time Delay Systems: Analysis, Algorithms and Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Moser ML, Almeida PR, Kemp PS, Sorensen PW (2015) Lamprey Spawning Migration. In: Docker MF (ed) Lampreys: Biology, Conservation and Control: Volume 1. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 215–263

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scientists Regenerate Nerve Fibers After Spinal Cord Injury. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Automobile Weight and Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox AL (2017) Secondary Structure Analysis of the C-Terminus of Gα-Interacting Vesicle Associated Protein Using Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) At All-Star Game, Politics and Passion Are Also in Play. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scully 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Turelli and Trono 2005; Scully 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turelli and Trono 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pedersen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
AbbreviationRadiat. Environ. Biophys.
ISSN (print)0301-634X
ISSN (online)1432-2099
General Environmental Science

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