How to format your references using the Radiation and Environmental Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chien KR (2008) Regenerative medicine and human models of human disease. Nature 453:302–305
A journal article with 2 authors
Brittain SD, Rettig TW (2002) CO and H(3)(+) in the protoplanetary disk around the star HD141569. Nature 418:57–59
A journal article with 3 authors
Rai VK, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH (2005) Photochemical mass-independent sulfur isotopes in achondritic meteorites. Science 309:1062–1065
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Skop AR, Liu H, Yates J 3rd, et al (2004) Dissection of the mammalian midbody proteome reveals conserved cytokinesis mechanisms. Science 305:61–66

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pelto M (2017) Recent Climate Change Impacts on Mountain Glaciers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Carmona RA (2006) Interest Rate Models: an Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Analysis Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mughal M, Soldin M (2016) The Impact of the Menstrual Cycle on Intraoperative and Postoperative Bleeding in Abdominoplasty Patients. In: Di Giuseppe A, Shiffman MA (eds) Aesthetic Plastic Surgery of the Abdomen. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) This Video Plays Tricks on Your Vision. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Title I Funding: Poor Children Benefit Though Funding Per Poor Child Differs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wu D-MC (2010) Function and regulation of Drosophila myc during wing growth. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2017) What if Platforms Like Facebook Are Too Big to Regulate? New York Times MM14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chien 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Brittain and Rettig 2002; Chien 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brittain and Rettig 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Skop et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
AbbreviationRadiat. Environ. Biophys.
ISSN (print)0301-634X
ISSN (online)1432-2099
General Environmental Science

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