How to format your references using the Radiation and Environmental Biophysics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D (2000) Developing countries and poorest people targeted by UN centre. Nature 408:754
A journal article with 2 authors
Kovach JD, Lamb RS (2014) Evolution. There can be only one. Science 343:623–624
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold M, Elliott T, Moorbath S (2011) The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature 477:195–198
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu Q, Xin W, He P, et al (2014) Interleukin-17 inhibits adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Sci Rep 4:7554

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown RA (2012) Extreme Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Alston M, Whittenbury K (eds) (2013) Research, Action and Policy: Addressing the Gendered Impacts of Climate Change. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Quentel-Touche C (2011) Charles V’s Visual Definition of the Queen’s Virtues. In: Green K, Mews C (eds) Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 53–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiation and Environmental Biophysics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Cancer-Killing CRISPR Viruses Destroy Their “Command Centers” From Within. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Screening Partnership Program: TSA Can Benefit from Improved Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herman GS (2013) Terahertz local oscillator via difference frequency generation in iii-v semiconductors using frequency stabilized lasers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R (2017) During Rikers Upheaval, the ‘Prettiest Village in Maine’ Beckoned. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Kovach and Lamb 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kovach and Lamb 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiation and Environmental Biophysics
AbbreviationRadiat. Environ. Biophys.
ISSN (print)0301-634X
ISSN (online)1432-2099
General Environmental Science

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