How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Decision Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Decision Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McSwain MV (2014) Astrophysics: Black hole found orbiting a fast rotator. Nature 505:296–297
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones JM, Widmann M (2004) Atmospheric science: early peak in Antarctic oscillation index. Nature 432:290–291
A journal article with 3 authors
Wild G, Gardner A, West SA (2009) Adaptation and the evolution of parasite virulence in a connected world. Nature 459:983–986
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gao J, Zhong J, Bai L, et al (2014) Revealing the role of catalysts in carbon nanotubes and nanofibers by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy. Sci Rep 4:3606

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy J-G, Letamendia C (2014) LTE Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Malek M, Reitenspieß M, Moorsel A van (eds) (2007) Service Availability: 4th International Service Availability Symposium, ISAS 2007, Durham, NH, USA, May 21-22, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Larson L, Carpenter M (2015) Diabetes and Pregnancy. In: Rosene-Montella K (ed) Medical Management of the Pregnant Patient: A Clinician’s Handbook. Springer, New York, NY, pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Decision Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Brightest Pulsar Ever Discovered Is 10 Million Times More Luminous Than Our Sun. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Local Tax Abatement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amodeo GA (2009) Structural and biochemical characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homolog SNF1. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Davenport C (2017) World Leaders Increase Pressure on Trump to Stay in the Paris Climate Deal. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McSwain 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Jones and Widmann 2004; McSwain 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Widmann 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Decision Processes
ISSN (print)2193-9438
ISSN (online)2193-9446

Other styles