How to format your references using the Queueing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Queueing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Desiraju, G.R.: In search of clarity. Nature. 423, 485 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Salter, M.G., Fern, R.: NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury. Nature. 438, 1167–1171 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sahu, G., Sukumaran, S., Bera, A.K.: Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Sci. Rep. 4, 4955 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harris, R.G., Herzog, E.L., Bruscia, E.M., Grove, J.E., Van Arnam, J.S., Krause, D.S.: Lack of a fusion requirement for development of bone marrow-derived epithelia. Science. 305, 90–93 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurimoto, N., Fielding, D.I.K., Musani, A.I.: Endobronchial Ultrasonography. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Holzer, M., Kutrib, M. eds: Implementation and Application of Automata: 19th International Conference, CIAA 2014, Giessen, Germany, July 30 – August 2, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Popovich, M.L., Zhang, X.: A Childhood/Adolescent Knowledge Management System for Urban Area Health Programs in the District of Columbia. In: Gibbons, M.C., Bali, R., and Wickramasinghe, N. (eds.) Perspectives of Knowledge Management in Urban Health. pp. 51–59. Springer, New York, NY (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Queueing Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Musician Composes Pi Song On Piano,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Vietnamese Version). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckowski, M.: A Wave of Navy Blue Churning, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J.: Cruz’s Jab at Trump, and the Politics of Hypocrisy, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQueueing Systems
AbbreviationQueueing Syst.
ISSN (print)0257-0130
ISSN (online)1572-9443
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles