How to format your references using the Queueing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Queueing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zayats, A.V.: Perspective: A glint of the future. Nature. 495, S7 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Druzd, D., Scheiermann, C.: Immunology. Some monocytes got rhythm. Science. 341, 1462–1464 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiliotis, E.T., Kinoshita, M., Nelson, W.J.: A mitotic septin scaffold required for Mammalian chromosome congression and segregation. Science. 307, 1781–1785 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Augui, S., Filion, G.J., Huart, S., Nora, E., Guggiari, M., Maresca, M., Stewart, A.F., Heard, E.: Sensing X chromosome pairs before X inactivation via a novel X-pairing region of the Xic. Science. 318, 1632–1636 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marston, R.C.: Portfolio Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Dickenstein, A., Schreyer, F.-O., Sommese, A.J. eds: Algorithms in Algebraic Geometry. Springer, New York, NY (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Ghica, D.R.: Diagrammatic Reasoning for Delay-Insensitive Asynchronous Circuits. In: Coecke, B., Ong, L., and Panangaden, P. (eds.) Computation, Logic, Games, and Quantum Foundations. The Many Facets of Samson Abramsky: Essays Dedicated to Samson Abramsky on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. pp. 52–68. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Queueing Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: An Electric Wind Has Stripped Venus Of Its Oceans,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Communications Commission: Wireless Radio Services--Compatibility with Enhanced 911 Emergency Calling Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denney, V.P.: Achieving a Competitive Advantage through Ethical Business Practices: An Ethnographical Case Study, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, I. by S.: ‘You Have to Keep Putting Yourself Out There,’ (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQueueing Systems
AbbreviationQueueing Syst.
ISSN (print)0257-0130
ISSN (online)1572-9443
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles