How to format your references using the Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Back on track? Nature. 2004;430:381.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gittis AH, Brasier DJ. NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science. 2015;349:690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
van Loenhout MTJ, de Grunt MV, Dekker C. Dynamics of DNA supercoils. Science. 2012;338:94–97.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mikkelsen TS, Hanna J, Zhang X, Ku M, Wernig M, Schorderet P, et al. Dissecting direct reprogramming through integrative genomic analysis. Nature. 2008;454:49–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Soustelle M. Thermodynamics of Surfaces and Capillary Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Schur PH, Massarotti EM, editors. Lupus Erythematosus: Clinical Evaluation and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cory CA. New Visualization Techniques in AEC-BIM More than Modeling. In: Cocchiarella L, editor. The Visual Language of Technique: Volume 2 - Heritage and Expectations in Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Women In Beijing Delivered Larger Babies When Air Was Cleaner [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cleaner-air-beijing-olympic-babies-weighed-more-birth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Progress On and Challenges to Central Artery/Tunnel Project’s Costs and Financing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Glock M. Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning. 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Loomis G. Mozart Is the Big Draw, but Variety Is the Goal. New York Times. 2013;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology
AbbreviationHepatology
ISSN (print)0270-9139
ISSN (online)1527-3350
ScopeHepatology

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