How to format your references using the Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goldston D. The new boss in town. Nature. 2009;457:17.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Postma E, van Noordwijk AJ. Gene flow maintains a large genetic difference in clutch size at a small spatial scale. Nature. 2005;433:65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hori S, Nomura T, Sakaguchi S. Control of regulatory T cell development by the transcription factor Foxp3. Science. 2003;299:1057–1061.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hublin J-J, Ben-Ncer A, Bailey SE, Freidline SE, Neubauer S, Skinner MM, et al. Author Correction: New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens. Nature. 2018;558:E6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Barnes E. Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Zhang R, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Filipe J, Cordeiro J, editors. Enterprise Information Systems: 13th International Conference, ICEIS 2011, Beijing, China, June 8-11, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Frost L. The Pleasures of Dystopia. In: Greenberg J, Waddell N, editors. “Brave New World”: Contexts and Legacies. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Why It’s Impossible To Actually Be A Vegetarian [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/why-it-s-impossible-actually-be-vegetarian/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ge Z. Link performance analysis of disaster monitoring system. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. U.S. Faulted Over Pay at Rescued Firms. New York Times. 2012;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology
AbbreviationHepatology
ISSN (print)0270-9139
ISSN (online)1527-3350
ScopeHepatology

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