How to format your references using the Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V. Burst of energy. Nature. 2006;441:810–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yeomans DK, Veverka J. Obituary: Fred Lawrence Whipple (1906-2004). Nature. 2004;432:31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Collins FS, Morgan M, Patrinos A. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science. 2003;300:286–290.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Toppani A, Robert F, Libourel G, de Donato P, Barres O, d’Hendecourt L, et al. A “dry” condensation origin for circumstellar carbonates. Nature. 2005;437:1121–1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Püschl W. Physik des Segelns. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Ullah AA. Asian Immigrants in North America with HIV/AIDS: Stigma, Vulnerabilities and Human Rights. Singapore: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rozario R, Ortlieb E, Rennie J. Interactivity and Mobile Technologies: An Activity Theory Perspective. In: Churchill D, Lu J, Chiu TKF, Fox B, editors. Mobile Learning Design: Theories and Application. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Universal Snake Venom Antidote On The Horizon [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/universal-snake-venom-antidote-horizon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Increased Federal Telecommunications System Use by Strengthened Control Over Commercial Toll Calls Could Reduce Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beasley CA. Investigations of redox-labeled silica and gold nanoparticles in solution and as films on electrodes. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Tighter Rules Are Issued On Municipal Bond Deals. New York Times. 2012;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology
AbbreviationHepatology
ISSN (print)0270-9139
ISSN (online)1527-3350
ScopeHepatology

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