How to format your references using the Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Norreys PA. Physics. Complexity in fusion plasmas. Science. 2008;319:1193–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Allen TM, Cullis PR. Drug delivery systems: entering the mainstream. Science. 2004;303:1818–1822.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Del Bene F, Tessmar-Raible K, Wittbrodt J. Direct interaction of geminin and Six3 in eye development. Nature. 2004;427:745–749.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Nam KT, Kim D-W, Yoo PJ, Chiang C-Y, Meethong N, Hammond PT, et al. Virus-enabled synthesis and assembly of nanowires for lithium ion battery electrodes. Science. 2006;312:885–888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McDonald AG, Magande HL. Introduction to Thermo-Fluids Systems Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Cooper G, editor. Therapeutic Uses of Botulinum Toxin. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eralp L, Eren İ. Knee Arthrodesis with Monolateral External Fixator for the Treatment of Infected Knee Arthroplasty. In: Kocaoğlu M, Tsuchiya H, Eralp L, editors. Advanced Techniques in Limb Reconstruction Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 101–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Would Happen To The Climate If We Stopped Emitting Greenhouse Gases Today? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-would-happen-climate-if-we-stopped-emitting-greenhouse-gases-today/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Questions on the DTV Converter Box Subsidy Program and a DTV Inter-Agency Task Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sanabria A. Root Metaphor. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. On Creating Black Superheroes. New York Times. 2017;D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleHepatology
AbbreviationHepatology
ISSN (print)0270-9139
ISSN (online)1527-3350
ScopeHepatology

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