How to format your references using the Food and Waterborne Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Waterborne Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlebois, D., 2009. Journal club. A biophysicist ponders the application of hidden metric spaces to genetic networks. Nature 458, 811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korkusinski, M., Hawrylak, P., 2014. Quantum strain sensor with a topological insulator HgTe quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4, 4903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz, H., Franz, M., Heberlein, U., 2005. The hangover gene defines a stress pathway required for ethanol tolerance development. Nature 436, 845–847.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bai, Y., Wu, H., Wu, R., Zhang, Y., Deng, N., Yu, Z., Qian, H., 2014. Study of multi-level characteristics for 3D vertical resistive switching memory. Sci. Rep. 4, 5780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casandjian, C., Challamel, N., Lanos, C., Hellesland, J., 2013. Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA.
An edited book
Mitescu, M., 2005. Microcontrollers in Practice, Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Deantoni, J., Brun, C., Caillaud, B., France, R.B., Karsai, G., Nierstrasz, O., Syriani, E., 2015. Domain Globalization: Using Languages to Support Technical and Social Coordination, in: Combemale, B., Cheng, B.H.C., France, R.B., Jézéquel, J.-M., Rumpe, B. (Eds.), Globalizing Domain-Specific Languages: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, October 5-10, 2014, Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 70–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Waterborne Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Refuelling Japanese Volcano Could Destroy “Naples Of The East” By 2044 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations (No. RCED-88-77). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leonard, J.M., 2001. The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. A Hive of Growth, Dallas Flirts With Bankruptcy. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charlebois, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Charlebois, 2009; Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korkusinski and Hawrylak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Waterborne Parasitology
ISSN (print)2405-6766

Other styles