How to format your references using the Food and Waterborne Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Waterborne Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Kranendonk, M.J., 2011. Geochemistry. Onset of plate tectonics. Science 333, 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liao, S., Seeman, N.C., 2004. Translation of DNA signals into polymer assembly instructions. Science 306, 2072–2074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lisiecki, L.E., Raymo, M.E., Curry, W.B., 2008. Atlantic overturning responses to Late Pleistocene climate forcings. Nature 456, 85–88.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brennecke, J., Malone, C.D., Aravin, A.A., Sachidanandam, R., Stark, A., Hannon, G.J., 2008. An epigenetic role for maternally inherited piRNAs in transposon silencing. Science 322, 1387–1392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bell, M., 2016. Incremental Software Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abraham, D., Handler, C., Dashwood, M., Coghlan, G. (Eds.), 2012. Translational Vascular Medicine: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Casu, B., Gall, A., 2016. Financial Structure of the Building Society Sector, in: Gall, A. (Ed.), Building Societies in the Financial Services Industry. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Waterborne Parasitology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Old Picture Reveals Enceladus’ Geysers Not A New Phenomenon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Federal Air Marshal Service: Additional Actions Needed to Ensure Air Marshals’ Mission Readiness (No. GAO-16-764). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brothers, J., 2009. Nonparametric regression using wavelet transformations and noise reduction in audio signals (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. A Hidden Hero Brought to Light. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Kranendonk, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Liao and Seeman, 2004; Van Kranendonk, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liao and Seeman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Brennecke et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Waterborne Parasitology
ISSN (print)2405-6766

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