How to format your references using the Food and Waterborne Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Waterborne Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murenzi, R., 2011. Give the new generation a chance. Nature 474, 543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jamison, D.T., Sandbu, M.E., 2001. Global health. WHO ranking of health system performance. Science 293, 1595–1596.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wootton, S.K., Halbert, C.L., Miller, A.D., 2005. Sheep retrovirus structural protein induces lung tumours. Nature 434, 904–907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C.R., Kai, T., Tomiyama, T., Yoshida, T., Kobayashi, Y., Nishibori, E., Takata, M., Sakata, M., Shinohara, H., 2000. C66 fullerene encaging a scandium dimer. Nature 408, 426–427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malamed, C., 2015. Visual Design Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kusuoka, S., Maruyama, T. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 17, Advances in Mathematical Economics. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Sha, R., Zhang, X., Liao, S., Constantinou, P.E., Ding, B., Wang, T., Garibotti, A.V., Zhong, H., Israel, L.B., Wang, X., Wu, G., Chakraborty, B., Chen, J., Zhang, Y., Yan, H., Shen, Z., Shen, W., Sa-Ardyen, P., Kopatsch, J., Zheng, J., Lukeman, P.S., Sherman, W.B., Mao, C., Jonoska, N., Seeman, N.C., 2005. Structural DNA Nanotechnology: Molecular Construction and Computation, in: Calude, C.S., Dinneen, M.J., Păun, G., Pérez-Jímenez, M.J., Rozenberg, G. (Eds.), Unconventional Computation: 4th International Conference, UC 2005, Sevilla, Spain, October 3 – 7, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 20–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Waterborne Parasitology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. What The Color Of Your Snot Says About Your Health [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Update Curriculum and Certification Requirements for Aviation Mechanics (No. GAO-03-317). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sowers, P.A., 2012. “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., Kepler, A.W., 2011. So Far, Sales for New DC Comics Are Super. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murenzi, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jamison and Sandbu, 2001; Murenzi, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jamison and Sandbu, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Waterborne Parasitology
ISSN (print)2405-6766

Other styles