How to format your references using the Food and Waterborne Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Waterborne Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, B., 2008. Not all membrane pores are made equal; some are more equal than others. Nature 454, 671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Florence, T.J., Reiser, M.B., 2015. Neuroscience: hot on the trail of temperature processing. Nature 519, 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chou, S.Y., Keimel, C., Gu, J., 2002. Ultrafast and direct imprint of nanostructures in silicon. Nature 417, 835–837.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sabbah, H., Biennier, L., Sims, I.R., Georgievskii, Y., Klippenstein, S.J., Smith, I.W.M., 2007. Understanding reactivity at very low temperatures: the reactions of oxygen atoms with alkenes. Science 317, 102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castillo, E., Cobo, A., Jubete, F., Pruneda, R.E., 1999. Orthogonal Sets and Polar Methods in Linear Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ranjan, S., Dasgupta, N., Lichtfouse, E. (Eds.), 2016. Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 3, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Di Iorio, C.T., Carinci, F., 2013. Privacy and Health Care Information Systems: Where Is the Balance?, in: George, C., Whitehouse, D., Duquenoy, P. (Eds.), EHealth: Legal, Ethical and Governance Challenges. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 77–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Waterborne Parasitology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Massive Statue Of Pharaoh Ramses II Found Hiding In A Cairo Slum [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. GPS Disruptions: Efforts to Assess Risks to Critical Infrastructure and Coordinate Agency Actions Should Be Enhanced (No. GAO-14-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran, A., 2012. A psychoeducational program on hoarding within the Vietnamese community: Grant writing proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. To Keep Cespedes Fit: Add Water, Stir, and Hope. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Freeman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Florence and Reiser, 2015; Freeman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Florence and Reiser, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sabbah et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Waterborne Parasitology
ISSN (print)2405-6766

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