How to format your references using the Food and Waterborne Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food and Waterborne Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parks, J.E., 2nd, 2010. Chemistry. Less costly catalysts for controlling engine emissions. Science 327, 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitter, A.H., Fitter, R.S.R., 2002. Rapid changes in flowering time in British plants. Science 296, 1689–1691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weber, W., Riesen, S., Siegmann, H.C., 2001. Magnetization precession by hot spin injection. Science 291, 1015–1018.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guria, A.K., Dey, K., Sarkar, S., Patra, B.K., Giri, S., Pradhan, N., 2014. Tuning the growth pattern in 2D confinement regime of Sm2O3 and the emerging room temperature unusual superparamagnetism. Sci. Rep. 4, 6514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buckel, W., Kleiner, R., 2012. Supraleitung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Leitner, S., Wall, F. (Eds.), 2014. Artificial Economics and Self Organization: Agent-Based Approaches to Economics and Social Systems, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Guarnieri, F.A., Ferrara, P., Torquetti, L., 2015. Biomechanics of Additive Surgery: Intracorneal Rings, in: Guarnieri, F.A. (Ed.), Corneal Biomechanics and Refractive Surgery. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food and Waterborne Parasitology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Take This Test To See How You Perceive Color [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Planning for Education Standards (No. PEMD-93-21R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jorge, M.H., 2004. Relationships Among Poverty, Financial Services, Human Capital, Risk Coping, and Natural Resources: Evidence from El Salvador and Bolivia (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2017. Combative, Conflicting and Confusing. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parks, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fitter and Fitter, 2002; Parks, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitter and Fitter, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Guria et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood and Waterborne Parasitology
ISSN (print)2405-6766

Other styles