How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marzari, F. 2006. Planetary science. Puzzling Neptune Trojans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 451–452.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saltmarsh, M.J. and Shapira, D. 2002. Questions regarding nuclear emissions in cavitation experiments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297, 1603; discussion 1603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kahn, S.E., Hull, R.L. and Utzschneider, K.M. 2006. Mechanisms linking obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nature, 444, 840–846.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, L., He, R., et al. 2011. Visualizing individual nitrogen dopants in monolayer graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333, 999–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thornicroft, G., Semrau, M., et al. 2011. Community Mental Health.
An edited book
Eiter, T., Strass, H., Truszczyński, M. and Woltran, S. (eds). 2015. Advances in Knowledge Representation, Logic Programming, and Abstract Argumentation: Essays Dedicated to Gerhard Brewka on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Lecture Notes in Computer Science.
A chapter in an edited book
Okorogbona, A.O.M., Managa, L.R., Adebola, P.O., Ngobeni, H.M. and Khosa, T.B. 2015. Salinity and Crop Productivity. In: Lichtfouse, E. (ed.) Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Volume 17. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, 89–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Golden Curse Tablets Have Been Found In A Roman Tomb. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Transit Grants: Department of Labor’s Certification Process. T-RCED-00-157.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Enriquez, M. 2010. Music Therapy to Hospice Patients of Visiting Nurse Association of Inland Counties: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S.M. and Barron, J. 2017. Relief and Trepidation as Ride-Hailing Services Become Legal Across New York. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marzari 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Saltmarsh and Shapira 2002; Marzari 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saltmarsh and Shapira 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
ISSN (print)1470-9236
ISSN (online)2041-4803
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles