How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nilsson, O. 2013. Plant science. A pathway to flowering--why staying cool matters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342, 566–567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Castanotto, D. and Rossi, J.J. 2009. The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics. Nature, 457, 426–433.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, A.J., Mori-Sánchez, P. and Yang, W. 2008. Insights into current limitations of density functional theory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 792–794.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zaller, J.G., Heigl, F., Ruess, L. and Grabmaier, A. 2014. Glyphosate herbicide affects belowground interactions between earthworms and symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi in a model ecosystem. Scientific reports, 4, 5634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Altman, M.C. 2011. Kant and Applied Ethics.
An edited book
Jacobs, S. 2008. Foundation Flex for Developers: Data-Driven Applications with PHP, ASP.NET, ColdFusion, and LCDS. Weggheleire, K. D. (ed.).
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Z. and Chen, J. 2014. Housing Affordability in Urban China: Regional Study. In: Chen, J. (ed.) Housing Affordability and Housing Policy in Urban China. SpringerBriefs in Economics, 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. The World’s Rarest Wild Dog Has Not Gone Extinct After All. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. GAO-14-338SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez, H. 2009. Examination of Friendship and Burnout among Child Welfare Workers. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, J., Chang, B.-S., Billard, M., Williams, A., La Ferla, R., Holson, L.M. and Harney, J. 2012. When The Power Came Back, So Did the Crowds. New York Times, E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nilsson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Castanotto and Rossi 2009; Nilsson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Castanotto and Rossi 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zaller et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
ISSN (print)1470-9236
ISSN (online)2041-4803
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles