How to format your references using the Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eckhardt, B. 2011. Applied physics. A critical point for turbulence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333, 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jeoung, J.-H. & Dobbek, H. 2007. Carbon dioxide activation at the Ni,Fe-cluster of anaerobic carbon monoxide dehydrogenase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318, 1461–1464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin, J., Ouyang, Z. & Wang, Z. 2014. Association of fruit and vegetables with the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis. Scientific reports, 4, 5229.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mishchenko, M.I., Geogdzhayev, I.V., et al. 2007. Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315, 1543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rubin, A.B. 2014. Fundamentals of Biophysics. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pedrycz, W. & Chen, S.-M. (eds). 2015. Information Granularity, Big Data, and Computational Intelligence. Cham, Springer International Publishing, Studies in Big Data.
A chapter in an edited book
Mineev, V.P. & Sigrist, M. 2012. Basic Theory of Superconductivity in Metals Without Inversion Center. In: Bauer, E. & Sigrist, Manfred (eds) Non-Centrosymmetric Superconductors: Introduction and Overview. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Lecture Notes in Physics, 129–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. 4-Year-Old Australian Boy Receives World’s First Artificial Pancreas. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Can Provide an Independent Source of Funding for Airport Expansion and Improvement Projects. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, T-RCED-90-99.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nam, Y.-H. 2008. On Throughput-Reliability-Delay Tradeoffs in Wireless Networks. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kingman, K. 2007. Needle and Thread and the Chinatown Night. New York Times, 14CY3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadeau 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Yu 2000; Hand 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jeoung & Dobbek 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
ISSN (print)1470-9236
ISSN (online)2041-4803
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles