How to format your references using the Plasmonics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasmonics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer A (2003) Chemistry. Enhanced: a view of unusual peroxides. Science 302:235–236
A journal article with 2 authors
Skinner G, Gorenstein P (2003) Astronomy (communication arising): black holes, fleas and microlithography. Nature 426:245–246
A journal article with 3 authors
Parkin SSP, Hayashi M, Thomas L (2008) Magnetic domain-wall racetrack memory. Science 320:190–194
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Laval B, Cady SL, Pollack JC, et al (2000) Modern freshwater microbialite analogues for ancient dendritic reef structures. Nature 407:626–629

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Roy D, Rao GV (2012) Elements of Structural Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kapur PK (2011) Software Reliability Assessment with OR Applications. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Averchi M (2015) Husserl and Geiger on Feelings and Intentionality. In: Ubiali M, Wehrle M (eds) Feeling and Value, Willing and Action: Essays in the Context of a Phenomenological Psychology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasmonics.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) Researchers Identify “Redness” Gene In Birds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Telecommunications: Market Developments in the Global Satellite Services Industry and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do YK (2008) Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) A Loss, and a Farewell, for the Red Bulls. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasmonics
ISSN (print)1557-1955
ISSN (online)1557-1963

Other styles