How to format your references using the Chemical Society Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Society Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. B. M. de Waal, Science, 2013, 340, 437–438.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. A. King and S. M. Thomas, Nature, 2007, 449, 791–792.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Purohit, A. Mitra and A. Auerbach, Nature, 2007, 446, 930–933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Palesch, S. E. Bosinger, G. K. Tharp, T. H. Vanderford, M. Paiardini, A. Chahroudi, Z. P. Johnson, F. Kirchhoff, B. H. Hahn, R. B. Norgren, N. B. Patel, D. L. Sodora, R. A. Dawoud, C.-B. Stewart, S. M. Seepo, R. A. Harris, Y. Liu, M. Raveendran, Y. Han, A. English, G. W. C. Thomas, M. W. Hahn, L. Pipes, C. E. Mason, D. M. Muzny, R. A. Gibbs, D. Sauter, K. Worley, J. Rogers and G. Silvestri, Nature, 2018, 553, 77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Kuo, B. H. Lee and W. Tian, Real-Time Digital Signal Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
K. T. Atanassov, O. Castillo, J. Kacprzyk, M. Krawczak, P. Melin, S. Sotirov, E. Sotirova, E. Szmidt, G. De Tré and S. Zadrożny, Eds., Novel Developments in Uncertainty Representation and Processing: Advances in Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets and Generalized Nets – Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets and Generalized Nets, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 1st ed. 2016., 2016, vol. 401.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Aldana, in Immigration Regulation in Federal States: Challenges and Responses in Comparative Perspective, eds. S. Baglay and D. Nakache, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014, pp. 61–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Society Reviews.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Watch The ISS Fly Over Spectacular Aurora, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Chief Information Officers: Opportunities Exist to Improve Role in Information Technology Management, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y.-J. Lee, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, New York Times, 2007, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Society Reviews
AbbreviationChem. Soc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0306-0012
ISSN (online)1460-4744
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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