How to format your references using the Chemical Society Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Society Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. E. Clapham, Nature, 2015, 520, 439–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. J. Devery 3rd and C. R. J. Stephenson, Nature, 2015, 519, 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. S. Ryu, R. M. Berry and H. C. Berg, Nature, 2000, 403, 444–447.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. E. K. Niemi, H. C. Martin, D. L. Rice, G. Gallone, S. Gordon, M. Kelemen, K. McAloney, J. McRae, E. J. Radford, S. Yu, J. Gecz, N. G. Martin, C. F. Wright, D. R. Fitzpatrick, H. V. Firth, M. E. Hurles and J. C. Barrett, Nature, 2018, 562, 268–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Chaudhry, D. Coetsee, E. Bakker, S. Varughese, S. McIlwaine, C. Fuller, E. Rands, N. de Vos, S. Longmore and T. V. Balasubramanian, 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
M. Ncube, Global Growth and Financial Spillovers and the South African Macro-economy, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Wang, L. Pan, J. Li, S. Li, M. Li and J. Tang, in Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing: Semantic, Knowledge, and Linked Big Data: First China Conference, CCKS 2016, Beijing, China, September 19-22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, eds. H. Chen, H. Ji, L. Sun, H. Wang, T. Qian and T. Ruan, Springer, Singapore, 2016, pp. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Society Reviews.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Oldest Known Rock Discovered, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Process Used by Department of Education To Award Contracts for Operation of Indian Education Resource and Evaluation Centers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. E. Mazon, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, New York Times, 2017, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Society Reviews
AbbreviationChem. Soc. Rev.
ISSN (print)0306-0012
ISSN (online)1460-4744
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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