How to format your references using the Quantum Studies: Mathematics and Foundations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantum Studies: Mathematics and Foundations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Worm, B.: ECOLOGY. A most unusual (super)predator. Science. 349, 784–785 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, Z.-X., Wible, J.R.: A Late Jurassic digging mammal and early mammalian diversification. Science. 308, 103–107 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, S., Xu, Q., Qin, Y.: Vibration driven vehicle inspired from grass spike. Sci. Rep. 3, 1851 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buchan, J.C., Alberts, S.C., Silk, J.B., Altmann, J.: True paternal care in a multi-male primate society. Nature. 425, 179–181 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety: Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Liu, X. ed: Public Budgeting Reform in China: Theory and Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Brändas, E.J.: The Equivalence Principle from a Quantum Mechanical Perspective. In: Piecuch, P., Maruani, J., Delgado-Barrio, G., and Wilson, S. (eds.) Advances in the Theory of Atomic and Molecular Systems: Conceptual and Computational Advances in Quantum Chemistry. pp. 73–92. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantum Studies: Mathematics and Foundations.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: When Parents Hesitate About Vaccines, What Should Health-Care Providers Say?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Electronic Health Records: HHS Strategy to Address Information Exchange Challenges Lacks Specific Prioritized Actions and Milestones. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware, R.J.: Middle School Students’ Perceptions of Their Interests in Reading As Defined By Engagement and Social Interaction When Using Sustained Silent Reading, SSR, and Peer Interests Reading Strategies, PIRS, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K.: A Piece of Obama’s Life, Post-Presidency: Sandwiches and Speeches, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantum Studies: Mathematics and Foundations
AbbreviationQuantum Stud. Math. Found.
ISSN (print)2196-5609
ISSN (online)2196-5617

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