How to format your references using the Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy (RPOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern A. Commercial space flight is a game-changer. Nature 2012;484(7395):417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Relling MV., Evans WE. Pharmacogenomics in the clinic. Nature 2015;526(7573):343–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichman OJ., Jones MB., Schildhauer MP. Challenges and opportunities of open data in ecology. Science 2011;331(6018):703–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tadin D., Lappin JS., Gilroy LA., Blake R. Perceptual consequences of centre-surround antagonism in visual motion processing. Nature 2003;424(6946):312–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown M., Cutler TJ. Haematology Nursing, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Mehta JL., Dhalla NS. Biochemical Basis and Therapeutic Implications of Angiogenesis, vol. 6, New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamamoto T., Watanabe K., Hernández ER. Mechanical Properties, Thermal Stability and Heat Transport in Carbon Nanotubes. In: Jorio A, Dresselhaus G, Dresselhaus MS, editors. Carbon Nanotubes: Advanced Topics in the Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 165–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy.

Blog post
Fang J. Bizarre Hourglass-Shaped Fossils Belonged to Our Distant Cousins. IFLScience. Available in: [cited 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Management Information Needs in an Era of Change, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1968.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown ML. Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney A., Berger J. Horror at Desert Ritual as Racer Flips Into Crowd. New York Times 2010:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleReports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
AbbreviationRep. Pract. Oncol. Radiother.
ISSN (print)1507-1367
ISSN (online)2083-4640
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles