How to format your references using the Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy (RPOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Neill LAJ. Immunology. After the toll rush. Science 2004;303(5663):1481–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karsenti E., Vernos I. The mitotic spindle: a self-made machine. Science 2001;294(5542):543–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee I-H., Shin S., Choi T-L. Materials science. Building supermicelles from simple polymers. Science 2015;347(6228):1310–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gross T., Rudolf L., Levin SA., Dieckmann U. Generalized models reveal stabilizing factors in food webs. Science 2009;325(5941):747–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson M. Everyday Moral Economies, Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Vazquez Alvarez AJ. An Introduction to Optimal Satellite Range Scheduling, vol. 106, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Vig R., Star JR., Dupuis DN., Lein AE., Jitendra AK. Exploring the Impact of Knowledge of Multiple Strategies on Students’ Learning About Proportions. In: Middleton JA, Cai J, Hwang S, editors. Large-Scale Studies in Mathematics Education, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Milking The Most Venomous Fish In The World. IFLScience. Available in: [cited 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seymour CR. Natives Versus Exotics and Grasses Versus Forbs: A Long-Term Study of Vegetation in La Jolla Valley. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. With Colon Free and Pitchers Hurt, Mets’ Future Could Lie in Their Past. New York Times 2017:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleReports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
AbbreviationRep. Pract. Oncol. Radiother.
ISSN (print)1507-1367
ISSN (online)2083-4640
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles