How to format your references using the Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy (RPOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles S. Did warfare among ancestral hunter-gatherers affect the evolution of human social behaviors? Science 2009;324(5932):1293–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arthur R., Diamond J. Geography. Understanding tribal fates. Science 2011;334(6058):911–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knudson MD., Desjarlais MP., Dolan DH. Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science 2008;322(5909):1822–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ma X-S., Dakić B., Kropatschek S., et al. Towards photonic quantum simulation of ground states of frustrated Heisenberg spin systems. Sci Rep 2014;4:3583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summerhayes SD. CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual, Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Castoldi F., Blonna D., Assom M. Simple and Complex Fractures of the Humerus: A Guide to Assessment and Treatment, Milano: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Puig L., Guerrero JJ. Two-View Relations Between Omnidirectional and Conventional Cameras. In: Guerrero JJ, editor. Omnidirectional Vision Systems: Calibration, Feature Extraction and 3D Information, London: Springer; 2013, p. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. What is a comet, and will ISON explode? IFLScience. Available in: [cited 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Missile Development: Development Status of the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salonga-Moreno DR. Pressure ulcer prevention and management curriculum for home health agencies. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M. Shooting of Black Woman Stirs Racial Tensions Around Detroit. New York Times 2013:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleReports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
AbbreviationRep. Pract. Oncol. Radiother.
ISSN (print)1507-1367
ISSN (online)2083-4640
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles