How to format your references using the Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy (RPOR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Deep-sea sub aims to get to the bottom of a muddy issue. Nature 2003;423(6939):469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez FJ., Waymouth RM. Polymer synthesis. Catalysts rise to the challenge. Science 2002;295(5555):635–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gebauer D., Völkel A., Cölfen H. Stable prenucleation calcium carbonate clusters. Science 2008;322(5909):1819–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xie J., Lu J., Lin J., et al. Insights into transport velocity of colloid-associated plutonium relative to tritium in porous media. Sci Rep 2014;4:5037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin DA. Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Akoka J., Liddle SW., Song I-Y., et al. Perspectives in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2005 Workshops AOIS, BP-UML, CoMoGIS, eCOMO, and QoIS, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings, vol. 3770, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Bagni D., Cappella M., Pazienza MT., Stellato A. CONGAS: A COllaborative Ontology Development Framework Based on Named GrAphS. In: Serra R, Cucchiara R, editors. AI*IA 2009: Emergent Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence: XIth International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence Reggio Emilia, Italy, December 9-12, 2009 Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy.

Blog post
Davis J. Racism And Sexism Could Be “Unlearnt” During Sleep. IFLScience. Available in: [cited 10/30/2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Gas Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Observations on the Integrity Management Program and 7-Year Reassessment Requirement, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garlapally V. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Impact on Metamorphosis and Thyroid Development in African Clawed Frogs. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Two Old Buildings Win Friends in High Places. New York Times 2002:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleReports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
AbbreviationRep. Pract. Oncol. Radiother.
ISSN (print)1507-1367
ISSN (online)2083-4640
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles