How to format your references using the International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connor CE. Neuroscience. Reconstructing a 3D world. Science 2002;298:376–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaeger H, Haas H. Harnessing nonlinearity: predicting chaotic systems and saving energy in wireless communication. Science 2004;304:78–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leopold DA, Bondar IV, Giese MA. Norm-based face encoding by single neurons in the monkey inferotemporal cortex. Nature 2006;442:572–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hardy WR, Li L, Wang Z, Sedy J, Fawcett J, Frank E, et al. Combinatorial ShcA docking interactions support diversity in tissue morphogenesis. Science 2007;317:251–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao J. Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Leder SB. The Yale Swallow Protocol: An Evidence-Based Approach to Decision Making. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Karl HW, Tick H, Sasaki KA. Non-pharmacologic Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Entrapment. In: Trescot AM, editor. Peripheral Nerve Entrapments: Clinical Diagnosis and Management, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives.

Blog post
Andrew D. How To Save Inbred, Short-Faced Dogs Such As Pugs And Bulldogs From Poor Health. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Planned e-Authentication Gateway Faces Formidable Development Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich DW. Examining the relationship of values-based management in performance evaluations. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Rutgers Misses Shot At a Victory. New York Times 1999:87.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives
AbbreviationInt. J. Adhes. Adhes.
ISSN (print)0143-7496
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Polymers and Plastics

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