How to format your references using the International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Jackson SC. Climate change. Parallel pursuit of near-term and long-term climate mitigation. Science 2009;326:526–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Shapiro NM, Koulakov I. Geophysics. Probing the underbelly of a supervolcano. Science 2015;348:758–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gavriil FP, Kaspi VM, Woods PM. Magnetar-like X-ray bursts from an anomalous X-ray pulsar. Nature 2002;419:142–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pinyopich A, Ditta GS, Savidge B, Liljegren SJ, Baumann E, Wisman E, et al. Assessing the redundancy of MADS-box genes during carpel and ovule development. Nature 2003;424:85–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Levin R. Implementing the Wealth Management Index. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Zhou Z-H, Schwenker F, editors. Partially Supervised Learning: Second IAPR International Workshop, PSL 2013, Nanjing, China, May 13-14, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 8183. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rettenmaier N, Hienz G. Linkages Between Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Bioenergy. In: Rutz D, Janssen R, editors. Socio-Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Production, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 59–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Want To Be A Space Tour Guide? Apply Here… In 2025. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/want-to-be-a-space-tour-guide-apply-here-in-2025/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Outlook for Expanding the Federal Research in Progress System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Spindel SA. Evaluation of optical sensor platforms for multiplexed detection of proteins. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Larkin E. Trust and Trauma. New York Times 2017:BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives
AbbreviationInt. J. Adhes. Adhes.
ISSN (print)0143-7496
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Biomaterials
Polymers and Plastics

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