How to format your references using the Pest Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pest Management Science (PMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessler F, Plant science. Chloroplast delivery by UPS, Science 338:622–623 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
Machin S and Pekkarinen T, Assessment. Global sex differences in test score variability, Science 322:1331–1332 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell A, Wei P, and Lim WA, Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles’ heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network, Science 350:1379–1383 (2015).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rea N, Esposito P, Turolla R, Israel GL, Zane S, Stella L, et al., A low-magnetic-field soft gamma repeater, Science 330:944–946 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington S, How to Know, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011).
An edited book
Feinglos MN and Bethel MA, eds., Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Evidence-Based Approach to Practical Management, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2008).
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang L, Zhu Y, Shi P, and Lu Q, Control, ed. by Zhu Y, Shi P, and Lu Q, Time-Dependent Switched Discrete-Time Linear Systems: Control and Filtering, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 87–125 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pest Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E, Banned Diet Pill Reverses Type 2 Diabetes And Fatty Liver In Rats, IFLScience, 27 February 2015. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2000).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Annan F, Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance, Mississippi State UniversityDoctoral dissertation (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B, Taking Twisted Turns, New York Times:SP7 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePest Management Science
AbbreviationPest Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1526-498X
ISSN (online)1526-4998
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science
General Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles