How to format your references using the Pest Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pest Management Science (PMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigley TML, The climate change commitment, Science 307:1766–1769 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
Haass C and Kahle PJ, Neuroscience. Parkin and its substrates, Science 293:224–225 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Rawson FJ, Downard AJ, and Baronian KH, Electrochemical detection of intracellular and cell membrane redox systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sci Rep 4:5216 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu Y, Cao C, Tao S, Chu W, Wu Z, and Li Y, Ultrathin nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets: synthesis, characterizations and excellent supercapacitor performances, Sci Rep 4:5787 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks RE, Sharp JM, Doss SD, and Vanderford DA, Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA (2016).
An edited book
Khan Mohammad Beigi P, Acrodermatitis Enteropathica: A Clinician’s Guide, ed. by Maverakis E, Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015).
A chapter in an edited book
Wang W and Lv K, On Promise Problem of the Generalized Shortest Vector Problem, ed. by Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K, and Liu D, Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–49 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pest Management Science.

Blog post
Luntz S, Scientists Design Potential Universal Flu Vaccine, IFLScience, 3 October 2016. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka J, The importance of being a complement: CED effects revisited, University of Maryland, College ParkDoctoral dissertation (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S, Artifacts From a Battle That Never Was, New York Times:WE10 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePest Management Science
AbbreviationPest Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1526-498X
ISSN (online)1526-4998
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science
General Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles