How to format your references using the Pest Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pest Management Science (PMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek F, Journal club. A theoretical physicist examines exotic particles lurking in new materials, Nature 458:129 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Richter DD Jr and Mobley ML, Environment. Monitoring Earth’s critical zone, Science 326:1067–1068 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakai T, Larsen M, and Yamada KM, Fibronectin requirement in branching morphogenesis, Nature 423:876–881 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang W, Yin L, Gonzalez-Malerva L, Wang S, Yu X, Eaton S, et al., In situ drug-receptor binding kinetics in single cells: a quantitative label-free study of anti-tumor drug resistance, Sci Rep 4:6609 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini H and Abd-El-Barr M, Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2004).
An edited book
Hliněný P and Kučera A, eds., Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2010: 35th International Symposium, MFCS 2010, Brno, Czech Republic, August 23-27, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Luo T, Chen S, Xu G, and Zhou J, Theoretical Foundations, ed. by Chen S, Xu G, and Zhou J, Trust-based Collective View Prediction, Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–91 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pest Management Science.

Blog post
Andrew E, Do I Need A Skin Cancer Check?, IFLScience, 9 November 2015. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankapura S, Packet adaptive routing in communication network, California State University, Long BeachDoctoral dissertation (2016).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Revenue Jumps at Netflix As It Plans Spending Spree, New York Times:B5 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePest Management Science
AbbreviationPest Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1526-498X
ISSN (online)1526-4998
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science
General Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles