How to format your references using the Pest Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pest Management Science (PMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattmann CA, Computing: A vision for data science, Nature 493:473–475 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
Xue Y and Sherman DH, Alternative modular polyketide synthase expression controls macrolactone structure, Nature 403:571–575 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
Chesler PM, Liu H, and Adams A, Holographic vortex liquids and superfluid turbulence, Science 341:368–372 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fuller BG, Lampson MA, Foley EA, Rosasco-Nitcher S, Le KV, Tobelmann P, et al., Midzone activation of aurora B in anaphase produces an intracellular phosphorylation gradient, Nature 453:1132–1136 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer VR, Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013).
An edited book
Whitacre DM, ed., Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 210, Springer, New York, NY (2011).
A chapter in an edited book
González-Polo RA, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Gómez-Sánchez R, Pizarro-Estrella E, Niso-Santano M, and Fuentes JM, Links Between Paraquat and Parkinson’s Disease, ed. by Kostrzewa RM, Handbook of Neurotoxicity, Springer, New York, NY, pp. 819–842 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pest Management Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K, Fossil Fuel Emissions Have Stalled: Global Carbon Budget 2016, IFLScience, 18 November 2016. [accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monterosa VM, Digital Citizenship District-Wide: Examining the Organizational Evolution of an Initiative, California State University, Long BeachDoctoral dissertation (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J, Juliana Koo, 111; Wrote Life Story at 104, New York Times:B15 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePest Management Science
AbbreviationPest Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1526-498X
ISSN (online)1526-4998
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science
General Medicine
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles