How to format your references using the Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benderly, B.L.: Not your father’s postdoc. Science. 308, 717–718 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahlund, M., Andersson, M.: Female ducks can double their reproduction. Nature. 414, 600–601 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Pregibon, D.C., Toner, M., Doyle, P.S.: Multifunctional encoded particles for high-throughput biomolecule analysis. Science. 315, 1393–1396 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tan, C.S.H., Pasculescu, A., Lim, W.A., Pawson, T., Bader, G.D., Linding, R.: Positive selection of tyrosine loss in metazoan evolution. Science. 325, 1686–1688 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ness, L.: Securing Utility and Energy Infrastructures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006)
An edited book
Gordon, I.J., Prins, H.H.T. eds: The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Barr, R.C., van Oosterom, A.: Genesis of the Electrocardiogram. In: Macfarlane, P.W., van Oosterom, A., Pahlm, O., Kligfield, P., Janse, M., and Camm, J. (eds.) Comprehensive Electrocardiology. pp. 167–190. Springer, London (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Almost 150 Of Our Genes May Have Come From Microbes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commercial Maritime Industry: Updated Information on Federal Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packard, J.A.: Analyzing the intersection of leadership practices, emotional intelligence, and coping responses in women -owned small businesses, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: More Teams Would Ruin a Great Thing, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems
AbbreviationQual. Theory Dyn. Syst.
ISSN (print)1575-5460
ISSN (online)1662-3592
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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