How to format your references using the Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joos, F.: Global warming: Growing feedback from ocean carbon to climate. Nature. 522, 295–296 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, A.N., Long, S.B.: Crystal structure of the human two-pore domain potassium channel K2P1. Science. 335, 432–436 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sazonov, S.Y., Lutovinov, A.A., Sunyaev, R.A.: An apparently normal gamma-ray burst with an unusually low luminosity. Nature. 430, 646–648 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Banerjee, M., Banerjee, N., Bhattacharjee, P., Mondal, D., Lythgoe, P.R., Martínez, M., Pan, J., Polya, D.A., Giri, A.K.: High arsenic in rice is associated with elevated genotoxic effects in humans. Sci. Rep. 3, 2195 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, C., Fincham, B.: Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
Cho, W.C.S. ed: Evidence-based Anticancer Materia Medica. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Rondeau, M., Seube, N., Denuf, J.L.: Surveying in Hostile and Non Accessible Areas with the Bathymetric HydroBall $$^{\circledR }$$ ® Buoy. In: Zerr, B., Jaulin, L., Creuze, V., Debese, N., Quidu, I., Clement, B., and Billon-Coat, A. (eds.) Quantitative Monitoring of the Underwater Environment: Results of the International Marine Science and Technology Event MOQESM´14 in Brest, France. pp. 47–56. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Suicidal Bee With No Stinger Bites Down Until It Dies,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Systemwide Education Reform: Federal Leadership Could Facilitate District-Level Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhandari, S.: The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G.: Comics, Classic and Newer, Make a Comeback, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems
AbbreviationQual. Theory Dyn. Syst.
ISSN (print)1575-5460
ISSN (online)1662-3592
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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