How to format your references using the Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vasilyev, M.: SIGNAL PROCESSING. Matched filtering of ultrashort pulses. Science. 350, 1314–1315 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Drake, J.M., Griffen, B.D.: Early warning signals of extinction in deteriorating environments. Nature. 467, 456–459 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hahnloser, R.H.R., Kozhevnikov, A.A., Fee, M.S.: An ultra-sparse code underlies the generation of neural sequences in a songbird. Nature. 419, 65–70 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reynwar, B.J., Illya, G., Harmandaris, V.A., Müller, M.M., Kremer, K., Deserno, M.: Aggregation and vesiculation of membrane proteins by curvature-mediated interactions. Nature. 447, 461–464 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory, J.: Counterparty Credit Risk and Credit Value Adjustment. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK (2012)
An edited book
Mizoguchi, R., Shi, Z., Giunchiglia, F. eds: The Semantic Web – ASWC 2006: First Asian Semantic Web Conference, Beijing, China, September 3-7, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Gaüzère, B., Brun, L., Villemin, D.: Graph Kernels: Crossing Information from Different Patterns Using Graph Edit Distance. In: Gimel’farb, G., Hancock, E., Imiya, A., Kuijper, A., Kudo, M., Omachi, S., Windeatt, T., and Yamada, K. (eds.) Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, SSPR&SPR 2012, Hiroshima, Japan, November 7-9, 2012. Proceedings. pp. 42–50. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: DNA Scissors Can Perform Surgery On Your Genes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Direct Student Loans: The Department of Education’s Implementation of Direct Lending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger, R.: Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: Curtain’s Up. Adulthood Can Wait, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems
AbbreviationQual. Theory Dyn. Syst.
ISSN (print)1575-5460
ISSN (online)1662-3592
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

Other styles