How to format your references using the Hormones and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2005) Tale of two surveys. Nature 434:539
A journal article with 2 authors
Zheng J, Jia Z (2013) Structural biology: tiny enzyme uses context to succeed. Nature 497:445–446
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhari NK, Song MY, Yu J-S (2014) Heteroatom-doped highly porous carbon from human urine. Sci Rep 4:5221
A journal article with 5 or more authors
O’Donovan P, Perrett CM, Zhang X, et al (2005) Azathioprine and UVA light generate mutagenic oxidative DNA damage. Science 309:1871–1874

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe P (2015) Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rajamannan NM (2014) Molecular Biology of Valvular Heart Disease. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts{roJoint Chairman} TA, Cordier J-L, Gram L, et al (2005) Feeds and pet foods. In: roJoint Chairman, Cordier J-L, Gram L, et al (eds) Micro-Organisms in Foods 6: Microbial Ecology of Food Commodities. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 250–276

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Cancer.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) CERN’s Latest Experiment Has People Concerned That They’re Manifesting Hell On Earth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Government Programs and Organization Affecting Exports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon PR (2013) Gender grouping and its initial effect on a Title I upper elementary school during the pilot year of implementation. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Searcey D, Casey N (2016) As Exxon Head, Tillerson Put Company’s Needs Over U.S. Interests. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Cancer
AbbreviationHorm. Cancer
ISSN (print)1868-8497
ISSN (online)1868-8500
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles