How to format your references using the Hormones and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell N (2002) Britain failing to bar risky students. Nature 420:349
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes RJ, Noble IR (2001) Climate change. Storing carbon on land. Science 294:1012–1013
A journal article with 3 authors
Schieber J, Krinsley D, Riciputi L (2000) Diagenetic origin of quartz silt in mudstones and implications for silica cycling. Nature 406:981–985
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Suydam IT, Snow CD, Pande VS, Boxer SG (2006) Electric fields at the active site of an enzyme: direct comparison of experiment with theory. Science 313:200–204

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazemi GA, Lehr JH, Perrochet P (2006) Groundwater Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Toman R, Heinzen RA, Samuel JE, Mege J-L (2012) Coxiella burnetii: Recent Advances and New Perspectives in Research of the Q Fever Bacterium. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Su C, Gibson PL (2016) Digitizing the Memorial: Institutional and Vernacular Remembrances of the Taiwanese 921 Earthquake and Typhoon Morakot. In: Hajek A, Lohmeier C, Pentzold C (eds) Memory in a Mediated World: Remembrance and Reconstruction. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 74–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Cancer.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Addictions Can Be Detected In The Brain Even After Death. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Tax Administration: Status of Tax Systems Modernization, Tax Delinquencies, and the Tax Gap. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim BG (2010) Mercury-containing species and carbon dioxide adsorption studies on inorganic compounds using density functional theory. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007) Parole Unlikely for Russian Oil Executive Jailed in Siberia. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Cancer
AbbreviationHorm. Cancer
ISSN (print)1868-8497
ISSN (online)1868-8500
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles