How to format your references using the Hormones and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman C (2012) 2011 International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge. Science 335:525–535
A journal article with 2 authors
Tseng C-K, Cheng S-C (2008) Both catalytic steps of nuclear pre-mRNA splicing are reversible. Science 320:1782–1784
A journal article with 3 authors
Grünwald D, Singer RH, Rout M (2011) Nuclear export dynamics of RNA-protein complexes. Nature 475:333–341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang JZ, Mordy CW, Gordon LI, et al (2000) Temporal trends in deep ocean redfield ratios. Science 289:1839a

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig ST, Séguin B (2012) Veterinary Surgical Oncology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Hernández-Hernández D, Minjárez-Sosa JA (2012) Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Chen X, Li Y, Aparicio C (2013) Biofunctional Coatings for Dental Implants. In: Nazarpour S (ed) Thin Films and Coatings in Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 105–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) I’m Stuck Like Glue: Why I Love Magnets and you Should Too. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) [Comments on Charging Cellular Telephone Installation to Senate Contingent Fund]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klimek DL (2008) Antigone’s reach: A feminine model for today’s businesswoman. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; CLINTON SAYS BUSH IMPERILS ELDERLY. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Cancer
AbbreviationHorm. Cancer
ISSN (print)1868-8497
ISSN (online)1868-8500
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles