How to format your references using the Hormones and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormones and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frey BS (2011) Psychology. Happy people live longer. Science 331:542–543
A journal article with 2 authors
McCann KL, Baserga SJ (2013) Genetics. Mysterious ribosomopathies. Science 341:849–850
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuan X, Xiao S, Taylor TN (2005) Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago. Science 308:1017–1020
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Libert S, Zwiener J, Chu X, et al (2007) Regulation of Drosophila life span by olfaction and food-derived odors. Science 315:1133–1137

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Twomey B (2011) Inside the Currency Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Xiong H, Lee WB (2011) Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 5th International Conference, KSEM 2011, Irvine, CA, USA, December 12-14, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Li S, Sun H, Zheng X (2011) A Case Study on Design of Teacher Peer-Coaching Activities Supported by a Web 2.0 Community. In: Kwan R, Fong J, Kwok L-F, Lam J (eds) Hybrid Learning: 4th International Conference, ICHL 2011, Hong Kong, China, August 10-12, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 40–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormones and Cancer.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Environmental Factors Experienced By A Man Could Impact His Grandchildren. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) President’s Third Special Message for FY 1981. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conill AL (2015) Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2007) Neighbors Protest Flea Market’s Move to Belmont Park. New York Times 14NJ7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormones and Cancer
AbbreviationHorm. Cancer
ISSN (print)1868-8497
ISSN (online)1868-8500
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles