How to format your references using the Burns Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burns Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Squire LR. Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science 2007;316:57–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Belcher CM, McElwain JC. Limits for combustion in low O2 redefine paleoatmospheric predictions for the Mesozoic. Science 2008;321:1197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wong CP, Luo S, Zhang Z. MICROELECTRONICS: Flip the Chip. Science 2000;290:2269–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sano Y, Inamura K, Miyake A, Mochizuki S, Yokoi H, Matsushime H, et al. Immunocyte Ca2+ influx system mediated by LTRPC2. Science 2001;293:1327–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sharkh SM, Abusara MA, Orfanoudakis GI, Hussain B. Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Peleg M, Lavrač N, Combi C, editors. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 13th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2011, Bled, Slovenia, July 2-6, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 6747. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Girish S, Gupta M. Clinical Pharmacology Strategies in the Development of Antibody–Drug Conjugates. In: Phillips GL, editor. Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Immunotoxins: From Pre-Clinical Development to Therapeutic Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burns Open.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Sensing Gravity With Acid. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sensing-gravity-acid/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Information on the Safety Effects of Modifying the Age Standard for Commercial Pilots. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lizarraga D. Effects of large inedible particles on the feeding performance of echinodem larvae. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court to Decide Whether Rape of a Child Merits Death. New York Times 2008:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBurns Open
ISSN (print)2468-9122
Scope

Other styles