How to format your references using the Burns Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burns Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Markl H. Research doesn’t denigrate humanity. Nature 2001;412:479–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bilder D, Perrimon N. Localization of apical epithelial determinants by the basolateral PDZ protein Scribble. Nature 2000;403:676–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Liu H, Gao J, Zhao J. From boron cluster to two-dimensional boron sheet on Cu(111) surface: growth mechanism and hole formation. Sci Rep 2013;3:3238.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hosseini T, Flores-Vivian I, Sobolev K, Kouklin N. Concrete embedded dye-synthesized photovoltaic solar cell. Sci Rep 2013;3:2727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lev B, Gu F. The End of Accounting and the Path Forward for Investors and Managers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Catoni F. The Mathematics of Minkowski Space-Time: With an Introduction to Commutative Hypercomplex Numbers. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Macià F. High-Frequency Dynamics for the Schrödinger Equation, with Applications to Dispersion and Observability. In: Besse C, Garreau J-C, editors. Nonlinear Optical and Atomic Systems: At the Interface of Physics and Mathematics, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 275–335.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burns Open.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. City Birds Have Shorter Telomeres. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/city-birds-have-shorter-telomeres/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Implementing a Data Handling Policy for Space Science Flight Investigations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Barkley WC. Mars rover - Laser focusing and optimization. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Fantasy Frenzy? Or Eerie Dreams? New York Times 2017:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBurns Open
ISSN (print)2468-9122
Scope

Other styles