How to format your references using the Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Rodrigues ASL. Ecology. Are global conservation efforts successful? Science 2006;313:1051–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Russell DG, Nathan CF. Perspective: Graduation time. Nature 2013;502:S7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Haile-Selassie Y, Suwa G, White TD. Late Miocene teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and early hominid dental evolution. Science 2004;303:1503–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Jarillo JA, Gabrys H, Capel J, Alonso JM, Ecker JR, Cashmore AR. Phototropin-related NPL1 controls chloroplast relocation induced by blue light. Nature 2001;410:952–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Benslama M, Kiamouche W, Batatia H. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Tribastone M, Gilmore S, editors. Computer Performance Engineering: 9th European Workshop, EPEW 2012, Munich, Germany, July 30, 2012, and 28th UK Workshop, UKPEW 2012, Edinburgh, UK, July 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 7587. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hadar Y, Cullen D. 5 Organopollutant Degradation by Wood Decay Basidiomycetes. In: Kempken F, editor. Agricultural Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 115–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Researchers Discover The Same Swimming Technique In Over Two Dozen Unrelated Sea Creatures. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Safety: Promising Initiatives for Addressing School Violence. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Goodwell LY. Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Branch J. Finding a Home in the Sand. New York Times 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaderni Italiani di Psichiatria
ISSN (print)0393-0645
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

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