How to format your references using the Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood B. Phillip Vallentine Tobias (1925-2012). Nature 2012;487:40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gavrilets S, Losos JB. Adaptive radiation: contrasting theory with data. Science 2009;323:732–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhagat D, Samanta SK, Bhattacharya S. Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Sci Rep 2013;3:1294.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu H-P, Lai Y-C, Huang S-W, Chen H-C, Hsieh C-H, Yu H-T. Spatial heterogeneity of gut microbiota reveals multiple bacterial communities with distinct characteristics. Sci Rep 2014;4:6185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li W. Risk Assessment of Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Glaβmeier K-H. Geomagnetic Field Variations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernandez HH, Ravin PD, Wint DP. [123I]-Altropane SPECT. In: Broderick PA, Rahni DN, Kolodny EH, editors. Bioimaging in Neurodegeneration, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2005, p. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria.

Blog post
Andrew E. A 1.8 million year old skull indicates there may have been just one human species on Earth at that time. IFLScience 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Maneuver System Schedule Includes Unnecessary Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huber JA. Building an army: A corollary study of group interaction and group productivity. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. The Man Who Fell, Looking Well. New York Times 2015:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaderni Italiani di Psichiatria
ISSN (print)0393-0645
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

Other styles