How to format your references using the Healthcare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Robinson, G.E. Development. Sociogenomics takes flight. Science 2002, 297, 204–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schwartz, M.A.; Chen, C.S. Cell biology. Deconstructing dimensionality. Science 2013, 339, 402–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li, Y.; Yi, M.; Zou, X. The linear interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic noises ensures a high accuracy of cell fate selection in budding yeast. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Begum, N.A.; Kinoshita, K.; Kakazu, N.; Muramatsu, M.; Nagaoka, H.; Shinkura, R.; Biniszkiewicz, D.; Boyer, L.A.; Jaenisch, R.; Honjo, T. Uracil DNA glycosylase activity is dispensable for immunoglobulin class switch. Science 2004, 305, 1160–1163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jamison, D.C. Perl Programming for Biologists; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471722748.
An edited book
1.
Web Technologies and Applications: 14th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2012, Kunming, China, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings; Sheng, Q.Z., Wang, G., Jensen, C.S., Xu, G., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7235; ISBN 9783642292521.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sekiya, F.; Sugimoto, A. Discrete Polynomial Curve Fitting to Noisy Data. In Combinatorial Image Analaysis: 15th International Workshop, IWCIA 2012, Austin, TX, USA, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings; Barneva, R.P., Brimkov, V.E., Aggarwal, J.K., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 59–74 ISBN 9783642347313.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan, J. How To Make A Diamond With Acid (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office Surface Transportation: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Restructure Current Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ramos, J. Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Apuzzo, M.; Schmidt, M.S. Comey Tells How Trump Persisted in Pleas to F.B.I. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare
AbbreviationHealthcare (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9032
Scope

Other styles