How to format your references using the Healthcare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Healthcare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E. The Class of 2005. Spain: A Physicist Keen to Put Things in Order. Science 2005, 310, 520–521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, C.S.; Desai, A. Tension Sensing by Aurora B Kinase Is Independent of Survivin-Based Centromere Localization. Nature 2013, 497, 118–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burrone, J.; O’Byrne, M.; Murthy, V.N. Multiple Forms of Synaptic Plasticity Triggered by Selective Suppression of Activity in Individual Neurons. Nature 2002, 420, 414–418.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sanvitto, D.; Pulizzi, F.; Shields, A.J.; Christianen, P.C.; Holmes, S.N.; Simmons, M.Y.; Ritchie, D.A.; Maan, J.C.; Pepper, M. Observation of Charge Transport by Negatively Charged Excitons. Science 2001, 294, 837–839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T.P. Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118058114.
An edited book
Algorithmic Game Theory: 8th International Symposium, SAGT 2015, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 28-30, 2015. Proceedings; Hoefer, M., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; Vol. 9347; ISBN 9783662484326.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, J.; Kim, D. Wireless Network of Collaborative Physiological Signal Devices in a U-Healthcare System. In Advanced Computer Science and Information Technology: Second International Conference, AST 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings; Tomar, G.S., Chang, R.-S., Gervasi, O., Kim, T.-H., Bandyopadhyay, S.K., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 39–55 ISBN 9783642133459.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Healthcare.

Blog post
Andrew, D. There Are 14 Wild Orange-Bellied Parrots Left – This Summer Is Our Last Chance To Save Them (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies’ Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stefania, S. From Italian American Icon to Working Class Hero: Perspectives on Pietro Di Donato’s “Christ in Concrete.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: New Law Restricts Religions. New York Times 2002, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealthcare
AbbreviationHealthcare (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9032

Other styles